This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Discussion Of The Strengths And Limitations Of Richard White's Thesis

1595 words - 7 pages

The following essay will discuss the strengths and limitations presented by Richard White (Images of Australia) regarding the factors that have contributed to the making of the Australian national identity. Focussing the essay on the Anzac legend, this essay will be approached and supported with the appropriate supporting evidence and as this paper proposes that the answer is based on opinion, the use of some non-academic references will be included.A suitable starting point for this essay is to state the fact that if one was to argue the classification of "national identity", it would not be as simple as looking up a dictionary and finding a single definition. The Online Plain Text English ...view middle of the document...

White suggests there are three key factors that have contributed to the making of the Australian national identity. The first of these is that the idea of "Australia" itself is a European invention. Much of this has arisen from the manner in which the nation was created. For when the colonies federated in 1901, they did so in an act of administrative union, establishing nothing more than the mere institutional architecture of modern federalism without embracing such notions as a collective philosophy, moral in its focus and pragmatic in its application.As such, Federation failed to forge a distinct national identity for Australians. Indeed, Australians after Federation, as much as they had been before 1901, chose to be disciplined by their identity as far-flung subjects of the British Empire And because Australia persists so vainly in defining itself in terms of others, the national identity has, despite 101 years of Federation, failed to progress much beyond the Anzac legend. For so many, what happened at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915 remains the definitive statement of Australian nationhood. .For example, in the words of General PC Grafton, Chief of the Defence Force,"We all know that...our soldiers and their comrades from New Zealand rose to great heights, providing an enduring example for their countrymen. We all know that through their sacrifice and courage, the spirit of the ANZAC is embedded deeply in our national ethos". (Tracey, 1990, p1)Whites' second key factor is that the intelligentsia class of people, the writers, artists, critics, journalists and historians, are responsible for shaping our "national identity". This is in fact true. Where would Australia be today if we had not had Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson's "Waltzing Matilda", the unofficial national anthem? Or Henry Lawson, one of Australia's' most famous writers? His poetry and short stories are still widely read and republished today. His work was a strong part in the expression, and development, of the Australian national identity.The legend of the battle of Gallipoli was developed mainly through the reports of the wars two chief correspondents, Englishman Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett and the Australian C.E.W. Bean Ashmead-Bartlett cabled,The Australians rose to the occasion, this race of athletes proceeded to scale the cliffs without responding to the enemy's fire captured the enemy trench at the top within a quarter of an hour, and their blood up, rushed onward searching for fresh enemies to bayonet (McLachlan, P. 192).The manipulation of the Australian national identity is mainly for political ends. As Richard White states in Images of Australia, the third key factor that has contributed to the making of our national identity is the more renowned. White claims that the third influence on images of national identity are those groups in society who wield economic power; national identities emerge to serve a social power (White, R. 2001, p.24) This reveals how issues of identity...

Find Another Essay On A Discussion Of The Strengths And Limitations Of Richard White's Thesis

A review of Richard White's "The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River"

618 words - 2 pages The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River. By Richard White. (New York: Hill and Wang, 1995, ix, 130 pp. Paperback, $12.00, ISBN 0-8090-1583-8).In a close examination of the history and development of the Columbia River, The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River connects the elements of natural and artificial energy in order to reveal both the beauty and the danger of the Columbia today. In his book, Richard White

Q1. What are the strengths and limitations of contemporary crime fiction as a vehicle for radical social and political critique?

2591 words - 11 pages Crime Fiction is a genre that is never stagnate, rather it is always adapting and regenerating itself. By remoulding the structures of its stories and crimes to reflect the cultural and social values in society to appropriately fit the political or moral message it is trying to send. The genre can be used to raise questions about identity and morality. The social and political critique I will focus on in this essay is the questions Crime Fiction

Give a brief account of psychological methods of stress management and consider their strengths and limitations

516 words - 2 pages Stress management involves finding ways to deal with the effects of stress, this can be done either psychologically or physiologically. It refers to a range of techniques to help reduce our stress levels. The psychological method involves stress inoculation and increasing hardiness, whereas the physiological includes biofeedback and therapeutic drugs. Therapeutic drugs are simply drugs which reduce the physical effects of stress, whit out

The strengths, limitations and challenges of corporate social responsibility in the global supply chains

1384 words - 6 pages pressuring groups that a corporate has a good standard of social and environmental system as well as the health and safety procedures (Peterson and Anderson 2006). In the following lines, the article will introduce the definition of (CSR), the strengths, limitations and challenges facing the national and international CSR system, and the impact of these strengths, limitations and challenges on both suppliers and retailers network. The case study will

The Strengths and Limitations of the Behaviourist Approach in Explaining Behaviour

2150 words - 9 pages discuss the strengths and weakness surrounding these theories. The idea of Behaviourism dates back to Descartes. Descartes was a philosopher that introduced the mind and body debate, he believed that the mind and body were two separate existences that casually interacted with each other, he named this his theory of interactive dualism however the idea of behaviourism didn’t derive from just this one point. Theories on the mind and body originated

The Major Components, Strengths, and Limitations of Urie Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Model

875 words - 4 pages , however in 1979 Bronfenbrenner added an additional fifth level (Bronfenbrenner, U. 1994). With the developing person in the centre, the five progressive levels of environment include the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, marcosystem and the chronosystem. The microsystem refers to the activities, social roles and interpersonal relationships experienced by the individual in a face-to-face setting in their immediate environment. Examples of a

Strengths, Limitations, and Challenges of Bussinesses Applying Ethics and Social Responsiblity

1092 words - 5 pages communities. This article will be concentrating on the strengths, limitations and challenges of businesses applying ethics and social responsibilities within their supplier networks. It will cover Nikes productions practices and its corporate social responsibility. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is there for organizations to comply with its practices. It’s responsibility is to improve the quality of people’s lives, by following the ethical

Patrick White's "A Fringe of Leaves"

2135 words - 9 pages of Austin's brother Garnet.White's portrayal of Garnet and the insights Ellen gains from her relationship with him, reveal the potential for corruption and immorality within the upper class. Garnet, although banished from respectable society in Britain, is able to resume his authoritarian role, transposing his familiar existence of privilege and power to an Australian society. White's ironic portrayal of Garnet as a stereotype of the upper class

A Survey on the Limitations of Graphical

766 words - 4 pages Chris Davies and Ravi Ganesan [11] reviews about the weakly chosen passwords continue to be a major source of security problems and it is vulnerable to dictionary attacks. In this method BApasswd a new proactive password checker is projected and this component is used for password varying program that attempts to validate the eminence of a password chosen by the user, before the selection is finalized. When the user had given a password, this

The Definition and Limitations of Harm

1536 words - 6 pages are also necessary for his overall definition to be viable. Without such limitations, society could restrict any action the majority of the population finds disagreeable. The actions an individual is at liberty to do would become limited, and Mill’s liberty principle would transform into “a law on the minority” (Mill 88). For example, vegetarians or vegans could insist that an individual should not eat meat, citing that it insults their morals

The Ethics and Limitations of Animal Research

1871 words - 7 pages limitations related to the matter? It appears to be a challenge to find common ground concerning the above questions. This paper will first present the current guidelines of animal research, and what is being done to help preserve the suffering and health animals as much as possible. In order to have a full insight on the matter, it is also needed to present the main methods of animal research. Scientists have used animals in many research projects or

Similar Essays

The Strengths And Limitations Of The Biological Model Of Abnormality

796 words - 3 pages The Strengths and Limitations of the Biological Model of Abnormality This model uses physical illness as a model for psychological disorder, suggesting that like physical illness, mental illness has an underlying bodily cause. It proposes that genetic, organic or chemical disorders cause metal illnesses which give rise to

The Development Of Attachment Theory And Its Strengths And Limitations

1443 words - 6 pages The Development of Attachment Theory and Its Strengths and Limitations English psychiatrist John Bowlby is a leading and influential figure within the history of social reform. His work has influenced social work policies and legislation relating to child psychiatry and psychology. Bowlby was trained as a psychoanalyst, and was influenced by Freudians theories, but became influenced again in his attachment theory by

Strengths And Limitations Of The American Labor Movement

1499 words - 6 pages what possibly could have been done different to keep this downward spiral from happening? Below we will examine the strength unions realized, the limitations and obstacles they encountered and possibly what they could have done different to have kept labor at its highest level of equality and power. The Strengths During the war, politics helped put regulatory conditions on corporations which helped labor to achieve strength

The Strengths And Limitations Of A Rational, Strategic Approach To Organisational Change

5116 words - 20 pages The Strengths and Limitations of a Rational, Strategic Approach to Organisational Change Introduction Following the brief introduction of a model-ideal conceptualisation of Organisational Goal-Directed-Activity, and the definition within the perspective defined by this model of such terms like 'rational (organisational) action system', 'strategy', and 'organisational change', the first part of this essay presents a