A Discussion On Two Different Interpreteations Of John Keat's "Ode To A Nightingale"

1504 words - 6 pages

John Keats's "Ode to a Nightingale" is intricate in detail whilst maintaining its ability to allow many different readings from its readers even whilst its own statements are quite precise. One very common reading of the ode is to see the nightingale as a symbol of poetic inspiration and fulfillment. This is displayed by Keats's descriptions of the nightingale and his use of imagery that links closely with that of inspiration. Thus, the poem is interpreted to be Keats's quest to find inspiration and go beyond human boundaries. Another reading of the same poem, which suppresses the symbolic role of the nightingale and focuses more on the strong paradoxes evident throughout the poem, is that of Keats's desire to lose himself completely in an experience of happiness by the effort of his imagination, however, this renders reality more painful by contrast and this experience can be only maintained momentarily before reality sets in againKeats's "Ode to a Nightingale" can fittingly be interpreted as a metaphorical text on the nature of poetic inspiration and the poet's quest to become one with inspiration as historically, birds have always been ideal as symbols of inspiration. The way Keats describes the nightingale plays a central part to this reading of the poem. In the first stanza, Keats describes the bird as a "light-winged Dryad of the trees" (1.7). It is because of its "light-wings" that the nightingale is able to soar above the earthbound men. It can be construed that inspiration, unlike men, have neither boundaries nor forces holding it back. The images in the first stanza are nearly all of anesthesia and linked to the sorrow of the human condition: "drowsy numbness", "dull opiate", "hemlock" and "Lethe-wards". These sorrowful images are sweetly augmented by such moments in which the Nightingale sings its song with Keats describing it as being in a place with "...shadows numberless, / Singest of summer in full-throated ease." (1.10). This line displays the easefulness in which inspiration is able to transcend boundaries and the ability of the nightingale's song, poetry, to take a man out of himself and conduct him into the realm of imagination.Keats's direct use of imagery also lends strength to this reading of the poem. In stanza two, Keats longs for fine wine to escape and "Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget" (1.21). This, however, is not merely a wish to escape through drink, but a wish for escapism through poetry. This is displayed when Keats wishes for a wine "Full of the true, the blushful Hippocrene" (1.16). Hippocrene is the fountain sacred to the Muses, beings of inspiration for artists and poets. Inspired by the bird Keats wishes to "leave the world unseen" (1.19) and fade into the forest with the nightingale. This is a wish to achieve the "full-throated ease" of the nightingale, not carried by wine, "But on the viewless wings of Poesy, / Though the dull brain perplexes and retards:" (1.32-33). Like the nightingale, poesy, too...

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