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A Essay About The Civilization Degression Of The Children In The Story "Lord Of The Flies"

1820 words - 7 pages

The characters in Golding's Lord of the Flies are a group of schoolboys, stamped through with Britishness like seaside rock, educated by public schools in a system designed to overwhelm an empire and uses the slang and jargon common to their time. Since Golding is describing a community of children with adult readers in mind, the credibility of the characters is a prerequisite. In addition, they have to be made convincing in an imaginary situation, and this is Golding's particular achievement-Golding has apparently chosen a conventional technique of isolating people in an island. This has enabled him to examine how human beings behave away from the influences of civilization and choosing only children as characters, Golding further complicates his tusk, since the children are as adults are. The novel presents four boys as major characters-Ralph, Jack, Piggy and Simon. At the beginning of our acquaintance with each of the characters we are given certain hints about them, and then with the development of the novel, the boys become a representative of types. Regressive instinct devours the civilized codes in all of them - civilization denotes their "authoritative morality" within. But in each, the interplay of withering codes and conflict manifests with respect to their psychic potential. Ralph represents the common sense of the individual; Piggy, the sense of reasoning; Jack, the forceful rush of instinctive domination; and Simon, a silent truth-seeker. In their growing psyche these elements are shown in perfect limitation, as they aught to be. It would be better to view the facets of the novel from Simon's perspective. Simon's quest places the extreme ranges of mind of the other characters in a woven perspective. In fact, whether it is child psychology, or uninhibition or regressive instinct that makes the fable-structure a complete novel of times, could also be focussed.The character of Simon is presented in three phases in the novel : initially Simon's attitude and nature; then with the complication of the plot, Simon's increasing importance and his relation with nature and above all relation to his own self; and lastly his death, the climax of the novel, which plays a pivotal role in the novel.In the third chapter Huts on the Beach, Golding explores the distinction of Simon and the differences between the boys. Both Ralph and Jack, who consider Simon faintly crazy are also worlds apart from him. Simon acts as a peace-maker between Jack and Piggy; he is to be seen suffering the little children to come to him and getting them fruits. He is timid, his movements are silent and he withdraws himself from the realm of hot exchanges; and from these initial exposition one can see easily enough what Golding meant by calling Simon a 'saint' even a 'Christ-like' figure. But what brings Simon alive and makes the passages where he is by himself among the finest things in the books, is the quality of the imagination that goes into creating his particualr...

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