A Essay Written To Describe The Difference Between Plato And Aristotle.

1616 words - 6 pages

As seen with the two of the greatest fundamental philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, the progression of student and teacher does not always result in a continuation of comparable thought, whose works, The Republic and Politics, are in contradiction . Whereas Plato succeeds in Socrates' politics, Aristotle strays from certain central beliefs, and spawns a new way of thinking, where practicality and advancement overrule the idyllic. Plato's Republic espouses the concept of a single ideal government without error, and Aristotle's Politics proposes several options of ruling that can be enhanced with progression . These two men basically start to secede with the idea of perfection, where Plato unconditionally accepts it and Aristotle replaces the concept with that of development.Plato's Republic positions a philosopher king to rule and make laws. However, since this ideal state is void of documented regulations, this philosopher king is held accountable for everyday judgments in all situations. Without the aid of pre-established directives, the ruler is deemed solely capable of this duty through Socrates' social and political educational system.In this system, which is required of all citizens to attend its course, children are carefully instructed to their fullest competence, from which their lives are predetermined. Children who are only accomplished in the first, or elementary level of schooling, are then made into the farming and artisan class, also known as the brass of society. Those who exceed their abilities of the elementary level then move on to the second type of education, and of those who implement the characteristics taught of them, are then put into the auxiliary class, or the silver of society.Finally, those who surpass the abilities of the silver society progress to the final level of education. Socrates believes philosophy to be the only road to virtue and thus is taught exclusively in this stage to those who are thought capable of acquiring this type of knowledge. These citizens are distinguished as intellectually and physically superior, and therefore are among the guardian class, the gold of society, from where a philosopher king is derived. This king is the perfection of human beings, he is learned and bodily trained to the fullest capacity, and judged wholly skilled to govern the state as a result of the intricate schooling.Socrates' educational system does not aspire to transform innate individuals into certain types of societal members, but rather to endeavor the persons that have the most advanced potential to contribute to the state as a whole, and to identify everyone's natural role in society.This ideal state only functions as ideal if, and only if, citizens are correctly placed into society through the selection process of this system. Socrates' fundamental belief that knowledge of the truth is within oneself supports this institution, because those who do not recognize that "they know nothing" are therefore not wise, or...

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