This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Fair And Public Hearing By An Independent And Impartial Tribunal: Does Physical Appearance Of A Defendant Influence Juridical Judgement?

2935 words - 12 pages

From the findings, it can be concluded that the results do support the hypothesis that mock jurors place a harsher sentence on the unattractive defendant in the manslaughter case. Whereas, it was not seen as significant on the unattractive defendant in the theft case, this finding is counterintuitive to the hypothesis however, one can speculate that being attractive may be more beneficial to those that are on trial for a serious crime. The implications here could be down to the serious consequences to the defendant’s life if they found guilty for manslaughter, when in actual fact it may not be entirely their fault. Whereas, with the theft case there was no doubt in the jurors mind that that individual was responsible for the consequences of their crime, due to being seen on Closed Circuit Television. With the legal system being highly complicated and complex, and with the limited knowledge the jurors hold about the system, maybe it is this that could explain that people were more likely to place a lesser sentence on those in the manslaughter case. But this might not be the only reason for this difference, as the unattractive manslaughter-unattractive theft comparison did not yield significant results.
As Baldwin and McConville (1979) pointed out that juries easily fall victim to stereotypes, manipulation and outside influences and fails in almost all of its goals, the results found here, and previous research further develops this theory. From the concerning results found, there is evidence that attractiveness does have an unwanted effect due to the internal biases of jurors. As a part of the study, participants were asked to answer short questions if they believed there was a criminal face and 10 out of the 32 participants did believe that there is a criminal face by answering yes to the question “do you think it is possible to have a ‘criminal face’?”. This is clear evidence that some people do believe there is a criminal face and that they use stereotypes to decide upon this. From one person’s answer in the study where they placed one of the longest sentences on the unattractive defendant in the manslaughter case, they said:
“I think there are numerous stereotypes of what a ‘criminal face’ looks like. I think this is a criminal face as his eyes are hidden and he has a ‘creepy’ grin making him look suspicious.”
This participant is showing the influence stereotypes had over their judgement of the crime and the defendant. They show that they do believe in stereotypes and that this man falls into that category which further predisposed them to placing a harsher sentence. Therefore, Baldwin and McConville (1979) did have a valid point and that juries do easily fall victim to stereotypes and how can they not when it is human nature? For humans it is very difficult to hold unconditional positive regard (Rodgers, 1957) for someone who they do not know and are up in court for such crimes, once their first impressions are made, it...

Find Another Essay On A fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal: Does physical appearance of a defendant influence juridical judgement?

Media and Physical Appearance Essay

2251 words - 9 pages Media and Physical Appearance I would not say that I am a slave of advertising or consumer culture, but I have always paid relatively close attention to the commercials I see on television and in magazines. Because of this trait, I would say that I am fairly perceptive of the various methods employed by advertisers, and the messages they attempt to convey. The majority of these messages I discard, and very rarely do I allow them to


2444 words - 10 pages meanings? 6. How does she create and sustain relationships through signs and symbols? Objectives of the Study This study aimed to describe the process of developing symbols, sign system, and their meanings as invented by a hearing impaired child and her immediate community. Specifically, it intended to: 1. Describe how a hearing-impaired child communicates with different groups of people in her immediate

The Physical Appearance of Class Differences and Wealth

1128 words - 5 pages . A book that I occasionally will be referencing to is Beauty Pays: Why Attractive People Are More Successful and is written by Daniel Hamermesh, an economist at the University of Texas in Austin. But before I start explaining Hamermesh's research, I would like to present Dario Maestripieri's hypothesis that he proposed after observing his surroundings during his recurring plane flights. He came to the realization that passengers, both male and

Working for yourself: does freelance work bring greater levels of creativity and independent input to projects, opposed to being employed by an o

3042 words - 13 pages and brands, and by building my own business.’ This suggests that most of your value as a freelancer comes from the creativity and knowledge that you hold. But to what extent does freelancing limit or enhance creativity, opposed to traditional work? From my research I have found that the amount of control and creativity you have comes from four things. The first of these is knowledge - that is, how to create an item. These are the abilities and

A Fair and Just Sentence

5315 words - 21 pages behind. Both vehicles were accelerating. They were in a residential area and traveling in excess of a hundred miles per hour. Neither driver saw the poorly lighted sign. It notified the public that the street ahead was being re-paved; thru traffic was prohibited. Too late. Richards crashed through a barricade and sped across a trench that had been dug by the city's sewer department. The trench was deep and wide, and the Pontiac bounced violently

"All of the other Ways of Knowing are controlled by language." What does this statement mean and do you think it is a fair representation between perception, emotion, reason and language?

1323 words - 5 pages " the other ways of knowing.I don't think that this statement is a fair representation between perception, emotion, reason and language. In my opinion language does not control emotions since any form of language is triggered by emotions. Emotion is defined as a moving of the mind or soul; excitement of feelings, whether pleasing or painful; disturbance or agitation of mind caused by a specific exciting cause and manifested by some sensible effect

Does "The Taming of the shrew" provide the audience with a fair representation of the treatment of and views towards women in the 16th and 17th centuries?

3168 words - 13 pages going to answer this essay question, Does " The Taming Of The Shrew" provide the audience with a fair representation of the treatment of, and views towards, women in the 16th and 17th centuries?To produce an intelligent piece of work, I have researched the lives of women in the 16th and 17th centuries. I have also researched sources the Shakespeare himself used to write the play.In my essay, I am going discuss the lives of women in the 16th and

The Effects of Women's Age and Physical Appearance on Evaluations of Attractiveness and Social Desirability

1506 words - 6 pages The Effects of Women's Age and Physical Appearance on Evaluations of Attractiveness and Social Desirability Without question, the concepts of attractiveness and age are both important considerations to many individuals within Western culture. Age itself, is often viewed as a component of physical attractiveness. Arthur H. Perlini, Susan Bertolissi and David L. Lind performed an interesting study that incorporates the well-recognized

Logical and a Physical Model

1576 words - 7 pages begins. Classic deliverables for a logical model include business process diagrams and some type of user feedback . The business process diagram illustrates all the parent and child processes that are performed by individuals within a company. The process model gives the development team an idea of how data moves within the organization. The logical model is a very important model in the process. Even, if money is an issue, this is not where you

Importance of Weight and Physical Appearance in Figure Skating, Running, and Dance

1386 words - 6 pages , 1998). In sports like gymnastics, dance, figure skating, and running, where athletes are to be judged in part on their physical appearance, there is a high percentage of disordered eating. Many of these athletes starve themselves to dangerous levels in an attempt to increase their scores and to please their coaches and parents. In general, competitive athletes train six days a week and many of them, particularly young females, burn more calories

Evaluation and judgement of people

465 words - 2 pages they tend to stick for a long time. It is almost like when you meet someone and when they say hello it comes out as a high pitched squeak and then the nickname squeaky comes out and sticks. An impression can go either way depending on how the situation is taken. When first impressions are made we expect people to be exactly what we might think they are. When we make our impressions of other people we will put others like them together. The thing

Similar Essays

How Does Public Opinion Influence Participation Both Within The United States And Mexico?

2033 words - 9 pages camps from 1980-. (Norrander 1999: 1) And even more interesting, religious groups within this framework also mobilize their adherents as a means to influence morality politics and public opinion. (Norrander 1999: 2) A perfect example is the moral majority of the 1980’s, led by Jerry Falwell, who were able to mobilize millions of evangelical Christians as an opposition force to pro- choice candidates and legislation as such. Political party’s in

How Are Judges Able To Interpret The Law In A Fair And Impartial Way?

1597 words - 7 pages Article does not cover. “A guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without the due process of law.” Protection against being tried for the same crime twice (“double jeopardy”), the right to a speedy trial by an impartial jury, the right to cross-examine a witness, and call witnesses to support the accused’s case, the right to legal representation, the right to avoid self-incrimination, and protection from excessive

Change Of Bodily And Physical Appearance In Eilis Throughout Brooklyn: A Novel

1869 words - 8 pages In Brooklyn: A Novel, Colm Toibin narrates the experience of an ordinary young woman named Eilis Lacey, who leaves behind Enniscorthy, Ireland to start a new life in Brooklyn, New York. Like many immigration narratives, immigrating and coming-of-age develops the protagonist’s identity and character. For Eilis, this development is portrayed through her changing bodily and physical appearance. Her smiling, crying and use of make-up shapes how her

Popularity, Physical Appearance, And The American Dream In Death Of A Salesman

821 words - 3 pages wealthy and respected like his brother, Ben, and the elderly man he encountered in his youth.             In conclusion, we can say, by considering the examples, that Willy Loman truly did believe that physical appearance and popularity were the things that made people successful in life, regardless of whether or not hard work was involved.  Because of these simplistic ideas, Willy went through life with a somewhat naive frame of mind, and was