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A Few Ins And Outs On The Religion Islam

2448 words - 10 pages

In this paper I will be presenting what the Islamic religion is about. We will discuss when the religion started and who the founder of the religion is. I will tell what the sacred book is and what the five pillars are. We will also be looking at the Muslims' objections to Christianity, and Muslims' questions to Christians about Islam.Islam is the official name of the religion. The key figure in the history is Muhammad (A.D. 570-632). The start date of the establishment of the religion was in A.D.622. Worldwide it is estimated that there are 800 to 1 billion believers: 58 percent live in the South and Southeast Asia; 28 percent in Africa; 9 percent in the near and Middle East and 5 in percent other areas. In the United States there is an estimated 6.5 to 8 million followers.What is Islam? Islam is the world's youngest major world religion. It claims to be the restoration of the original truth of monotheism, and thus supersedes both Judaism and Christianity. It stresses submission to Allah, the Arabic name for God, and conformity to the "five pillars" or disciplines of that religion as essential for salvation. From its inception, Islam was an aggressively missionary-oriented religion. Within one century of its formation, and often using military force, Islam had spread across the Middle East, most of North Africa, and as far East as India. While God is, in the understanding of most Muslims, unknowable personally, His will is believed to be perfectly revealed in the holy book, the Qur'an. The Qur'an is to be followed completely and it's teaching from a complete guide for life and society.Who is Muhammad? Muhammad is believed by Muslims to be the last and greatest prophet of God -- " the seal of the prophets." It was through him that the Qur' an was dictated, thus according him the supreme place among the seers of God. A native of Mecca, Muhammad was forced to flee that city in A.D. 622 after preaching vigorously against the paganism of the city. Having secured his leadership in Medina, and with several military victories to his credit, Muhammad returned in triumph to Mecca in A.D. 630. There, he established Islam as the religion of all Arabia.What is the Qur'an? The Qur'an is the sacred book of Islam and the perfect word of God for the Muslim. It is claimed that the Qur'an was dictated in Arabic by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad and were God's precise words. As such, it had preexisted from eternity in heaven with God as the "Mother of the book" and was in that form uncreated and coeternal with God. Islam teaches that is contains the total and perfect revelation and will of God. The Qur'an is about four-fifths the length of the New Testament and is divided into 114 "surahs" or chapters. While Islam respects the Torah, the pslams of David and the four most perfectly understood in Arabic and it is a religious obligation to seek to read and to quote it in the original language.What are the 'five pillars"? They are the framework for the Muslims' life and...

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