A Glimpse Into The World Of Human Genetics

1725 words - 7 pages

There are more than 25,000 genes in the nucleus of each cell in the typical adult human body. The DNA strands in the 10 trillion cells all combined would be long enough to stretch from the earth to the sun more than 100 times (National Human Genome Research Institute). Yet, just one mutation or problem in just one of those genes can cause something as benign as turning brown eyes to blue or something as serious as a deadly case of cancer. The science of genetics is precise and complicated, yet it could very well be the future of human medicine. Stem cell research, genetic counseling, and gene therapy are just some of the more prominent players in the arena that is the science of the human genome.
Stem cell therapy is the use of pluripotent stem cells in health care to heal organs and tissues. A cell’s pluripotency is determined by it’s ability to differentiate into other kinds of cells, such as cardiac, skeletal, or nerve (Waldron). Scientists and researchers primarily work with the following types of stem cells: embryonic, mesenchymal, and induced pluripotent. Embryonic was used in some of the first stem cell research due to it being readily available. Early research of embryonic stem cells showed that they was not only very pluripotent, having been used in experiment when they differentiated into blood, cardiac, and skeletal muscle cells. The differentiation of the stem cells into muscle cells was considered to be a milestone as it showed researchers the vast pluripotency of the embryonic stem cells. Skeletal muscles cells were hard to obtain in previous experiments and tests, as they are more complex, and were less understood than cells of simpler tissues, which was significant in showing the diversity of these stem cells. What was also noticed about embryonic stem cells was that, in addition to easy differentiation, they remain stable in undifferentiated states. This allows the cell cultures to be kept for long periods of time in petri dishes for future experimentation (Meregalli et al). Mesenchymal stem cells are the cells that everyone has in their own body. These cells, while not fully pluripotent, are considered to be multipotent. This means they can differentiate, but not to the extent of embryonic or induced stem cells such as becoming nerve cells. Mesenchymal stem cells, also known as adult stem cells, have been found in many locations including bone marrow, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue. These types of cells have also been discovered to reside in the umbilical cord and amniotic fluid. The purpose of mesenchymal stem cells is usually to help repair and regeneration existing tissues and organs in the body. The umbilical and amniotic cells are more sought after than the others as they tend to have faster proliferation rates, are safer for use in experiment with people, and are more convenient for the scientist to isolate from other cells (Liu et al). Of all of the different kinds of stem cells researchers use, the newest to...

Find Another Essay On A Glimpse into the World of Human Genetics

A Glimpse into the Past with "Dances With Wolves"

695 words - 3 pages Dances with Wolves is an epic film made in the year nineteen ninety shot in South Dakota and Wyoming. The film tells the story of a Civil War-era and a United States Army officer, Lieutenant Dunbar who travels to the American frontier to find a military post and befriends a local Sioux tribe. It shows how life was in times of the Civil War. The movie also shows how Indians lived and how they respected everything except the

Great Expectations: A Glimpse Into Victorian England

1946 words - 8 pages seen more as objects or property than a human, where people where divided into social classes, e.g. you were either respectful, rich and led a luxurious life or were poor and inferior. In the novel, Pip is the main character of the story which begins when he’s under the age of ten, his parents died and therefore lives with his cruel sister and her husband, the local blacksmith. While visiting the grave on day, he meets an escaped convict and gives

Invisible Wounds: A Glimpse into PTSD

3584 words - 14 pages movements, and actions that a person gets when they are about to experience a panic attack or flash back. When a trained service dog detects these changes in their human companion he or she will rush into action and preform a variety of actions that he or she was trained to do in an attempt to calm the PTSD victim. An example of this would be a dog jumping up and nuzzling its companions chest in a effort to calm the companion. This is one of the most

Race Relations in South Floirida Schools: A Glimpse into the Future

2359 words - 9 pages racial and ethnic composition-a mix of mostly Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites. Yet, to claim that South Florida schools are a glimpse into the future of the composition of schools across the nation diminishes and silences other growing minority groups that will walk the halls alongside the three large groups. It is important to be cognizant of all minority groups as the nation strives to create and maintain diverse public schools-not only racially

The Engineering of Human Genetics in Dreams and Nightmares

1519 words - 6 pages breakthrough and holds the potential to create great change on humanity. The first successful genetic modification aimed to eliminate a gene responsible for severe combined immunodeficiency disorder (SCID). However, the modification failed; by 2007 forty percent of the involved patients had developed leukemia. Though, to date, gene therapy has helped restore the immune systems of over twenty children with (SCID). The modification of human genetics also

Shakespeare's Scenes:A Glimpse into the Life of an Artist as exemplified in <A Midsummer Night's Dream> and <The Merchant of Venice>. By Andrew Scott

2381 words - 10 pages Shakespeare's Scenes:A Glimpse into the Life of an ArtistIf one is to uncover a common thread between art and life, it can only be that of impermanence. The impact of constant change becomes as compelling as it is irreversible, and, thus, burrows itself deep within the mind and soul of the artist. One, then, cannot fully understand the art without, first, understanding the artist. Such is the case if one is to truly comprehend Shakespearean

A Glimpse of My Life

936 words - 4 pages My life at whole has been very interesting. I am from many places, none that are really home. I have done many jobs since graduating high school. I have held many jobs and accomplished many things. What follows is a glimpse of what has been my life. Originally my family is from the Netherlands. All previous generations of my family were born and raised there. I was born in Africa, Yaounde, Cameroon on October 19, 1981 to be exact. I

A Glimpse of Erin Brockavich

821 words - 4 pages that Pacific Gas & Electric had allowed the leakage of a contaminant called Chromium 6 into the well-water of Hinkley, California, for more than 30 years. Several residents of this small desert community were suffering from ailments ranging from chronic nosebleeds to cancer.Her research lead her to conclude that hexavalent chromium could kill people . Erin became intrigue by this case because it was a matter of life and death her compassion

A Glimpse at the Holocaust

1052 words - 4 pages concentration camps. After World War II started, the Nazis began ordering the Jewish people to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothing so they could be easily recognized and targeted. The Jewish were forced out of their homes and into smaller apartments, often with other families and required to live within very specific areas of the city called ghettos. Initially, some ghettos were open and they Jews were allowed to leave during the day as

A Glimpse Into Robert Frost's "for Once, Then Something"

728 words - 3 pages there is a certain power, a certain force that prevents the persona from seeing the truth at the bottom of the well, or man from seeing anything but a glimpse of the real meaning of life. Really, Now The power of the poem lies in its ability to communicate albeit simple words, the fact that the search for universal truth, rarely and dimly perceived, is like looking deep into a well (Marice Brown,"The Quest for All Creatures Great and Small

Kanflict, A bold journey into the world of the metaphysical

905 words - 4 pages as a human than God itself. For a human to do the right or moral thing means that a decision must be made; to side with the duality within each person, to be moral or follow the animalistic nature of inclination. This inclination is the desire, primarily, to be happy.To be moral means adhering to codes of goodness and selflessness. This might involve running into a burning building to rescue a child. This doesn't make one happy, because one

Similar Essays

A Glimpse Into The History Of Psychiatry

1561 words - 7 pages A Glimpse into the History of Psychiatry Purpose: A review of the earliest practices in the treatment of mental illness. Objectives: 1. Identify the earliest treatments and protocols as documented through history. 2. Understand the historical stigmas and terminology in regards to mental illness. 3. Awareness of the progression in treating the mentally ill. The Earliest Known History of Psychiatry. Unearthed skulls dating back to 6500

A Terrifying Glimpse Into The Mind Of A Serial Killer

1492 words - 6 pages Brains Central Command Center, yet they are no bigger than a thumbnail, and is what processes the emotions of any act the human has committed. Research has now proven that there is another part of the brain that helps the Amygdala processes and respond to the actions, Is called the Frontal Lobe, one out of five lobes and this lobe helps to reason, make judgments, make plans for the near and far future, take action and problem solving. When the

A Glimpse Into The Life Of Japanese Women

1175 words - 5 pages . Moreover, Watanna looks at additional reasons as to why Japanese women submit to the male figure by dissecting a segment of their life. A female Japanese character also named O-ki-ku-san in “A Contract” has definitively manifests deeds according to others’ will. Upon being informed of her arranged marriage with Ito, a male character who had deceived her into marriage under a written contract. One can conceptualize the wicked wrongdoing in Ito’s

A Glimpse Into Different Aspects Of Phonemic Restoration

2047 words - 8 pages Introduction One of the best-known and interesting findings in speech perception research is the “phonemic restoration phenomenon”. It is a beneficial and amazingly utilized human ability by which, “under certain conditions, sounds actually missing from a speech signal can be synthesized by the brain and clearly heard”(Kashino, 2006. P.318). This shows the brains sophisticated ability in comprehending speech in the everyday life noisy