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"A Grain Of Wheat" By Ngugi Thiongo: Examine The Last Chapter Of The Book. What Does It Seem To Be Advocating?

1531 words - 6 pages

In Ngugi's 'A Grain of Wheat', the last chapter of the book advocates the future for Kenya and the changes to Kenyan society that are being made. It is summed up by the title of the chapter: "HARAMBEE" which is Swahili for 'working together' or 'unite'. The future seems to be bright because the British is no longer administering Kenya and governing the country. The last chapter of the book contains significant symbolism for the future of Kenya; the stool is the main example of this. Also advocated is the role of women in the future of Kenya. Before Uhuru they were inconsequential to the control of Kenya. Now however a lot of details in the book signify their new importance.The fact that the last chapter of the book is called"HARAMBEE", strongly advocates that the future of Kenya willrely on people working together. The last chapter of the booksignifies the future because it is the end of one story but life forthe characters carry on after it. At the end of the chapter weget glimpses of Mumbi and Gikonyo uniting again after all thatthey have been through. This signifies that people getting together willbe the key for the success of Kenya's future. Working together is how Kenyan society was based previous to the British taking control. The people of Kenyan started to be influenced by the European way of living independently, not communally.The start of the chapter advocates how Kenya has been through terrible conditions but now since it's gained its independence, a positive future for the people will finally arise. Gikonyo opens the chapter by thinking about his stint at his last detention camp, "Wamumu". This was a time of struggle and difficult work for Gikonyo. This parallels the struggle and turmoil felt by most Kenyans during this time. Near the end of the chapter Gikonyo is a much more positive man with an outlook for the future involving Mumbi. This also parallels the encouraging future that most Kenyans now look forward to after Uhuru. There is however one problem with Gikonyo's future, Mumbi's child. This is an upset in his future because he has to accept the woman he loves was disloyal to him and that he will probably have to father a child that is not even his. This is paralleling the uncertainty of the future for Kenya and how thought the surface of what's to come in the future looks bright; many problems may arise with the lack British rule. This is all symbolised by what Gikonyo was thinking about at the start of the chapter: "they were converting the dry plains into rice-growing fields." (In context of what the detainees at his detention camp had to do.) The "dry plains" represent Kenya ruled the British, having to conform to British way of life and not being able to 'grow' as an independent country. The "rice-growing fields" represent the new independent Kenya where everyone is free and will hopefully become a great nation.In the last chapter of the novel, the stool that Gikonyo wants to carve is a symbol for the future of Kenya. In...

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