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A Guide To Ergonomics Essay

878 words - 4 pages

AN INTRODUCTION TO ERGONOMICSINTRODUCTIONDefinition- Ergonomics in the study of how the physical, and sometimes the psychological, health of workers is affected by their workplace. Studies have shown that certain things in the workplace (including temperature, lighting, air, furniture design, and equipment design) can affect the speed at which employees work, workers' health, and absenteeism. Good ergonomics means creating a healthier, safer, and more comfortable work area for employees.ADVANTAGESWhen work environment are designed to be ergonomically correct, employees are happier, healthier, more productive, and more efficient. In addition, morale may be higher when employees perceive their well-being isimportant to the employer. As a result, employees miss fewer days andquit their job less frequently. As a result, businesses can save a lot of money in lower staff turnover, which requires time spent advertising positions and training new personnel. Businesses make money due to increased productivity and efficiency.DISADVANTAGESInjuries When workplaces are not designed ergonomically, they can cause discomfort and many types of injuries to employees. The most commontype of injury is musculoskeletal injuries (MSI). MSI happens when a worker performs repetitive tasks causing stress on nerves, muscles, tendons, or other body parts. The most frequently reported MSI in North America is carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). CTS occurs when a nerve in the wrists is used over and over with the wrong data or hold objects in that hand. CTS is often caused by long hours of keying at a computer workstation that is not properly adjusted to the worker's height. Other illnesses cased by poorly designed work areas are eyestrain, headache, fatigue, allergies, backaches and poor circulation.Lights should not flicker because this causes annoyance and eyestrain. Fluorescent banks of light are effective and cheap, but are not ideal as they can cause restlessness and lack of concentration. Computers should be placed as that there is no glare from a light sourcesreflecting on the monitors. A light source should be provided for each computer station, which can be adjusted in height and brightness for the employee's comfort. Dividers Cubicles and portable dividers provide flexibility in arranging work areas and privacy. However, an ideal work area has windows that open for air circulation and to reduce claustrophobia. In addition, computer workers should be able to adjust the muscles in their eyes by being able to look into the distance periodically. Accessories Pictures and art work break up boring spaces and make the work place more homey. Plants, artificial or...

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