A History Of The Palestinian Israeli Conflict, As Of March 2003 (10 Page Research Paper)

3769 words - 16 pages

Every day in the American justice system, prosecuting and defense attorneys preach their case to a judge and jury, hoping to win their support. Both attorneys tell their stories and back them up with witnesses and facts. The judge and jury, after hearing both sides, can fairly make a decision. It wouldn't be fair if one attorney got to plead his client's case and the other didn't, would it? Because to make a fair decision, you must be informed about both sides. This holds true for the American people, as well. With many serious issues developing and swirling about the world, we need to be informed of them in an unbiased manner. One very important issue is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ...view middle of the document...

Jews believe that the Wailing Wall is the only wall left of King Solomon's Temple which they believe was destroyed in the Roman occupation of Palestine. With the three of these faiths intertwined in this country, it is understandable that all three faiths want control.Although all three faiths originated from Palestine, the majority of the inhabitants have been Muslim and Christian because the Jewish population was expelled in ancient times. All of the Jews who were kicked out longed to return- to a place they called Israel, to a city they called Zion (Jerusalem). Although this hope to return has existed for hundreds of years among those kicked out and their descendants, a couple of men are responsible for coming up with the goals and aspirations of modern Zionism. One man, Theodore Herzl felt that "...anti-Semitism was a stable and immutable factor in human society, which assimilation did not solve... Jews could gain acceptance in the world only if they ceased being a national anomaly... Zionism seeks to establish a home for the Jewish people in Palestine secured under public law."" (http://www.us- israel.org/jsource/biography/Herzl.html, 3/24/03). He felt that to become accepted a Jewish state had to be formed, and he felt it should be formed in Palestine, where Moses fled to from Egypt. In 1897, he formed a group called the first Zionist congress, and got wealthy Jewish stockholders to pile money into his fund (Metz, 17). About 20 years later, World War I was fought, and the Ottoman Empire, which had ruled Palestine for hundreds of years, had collapsed. Palestine was placed under British control, and Theodore Herzl spoke with the British colonial secretary, Joseph Chamberlain who proposed a Jewish state be set up in East Africa, in Uganda. The Seventh Zionist Congress met and rejected this idea saying "Uganda isn't Zion" ( http://www.us- israel.org/jsource/biography/Herzl.html ).Although that was all Britain had to offer at the time, later on in 1917 Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour issued a statement saying that Britain supported "the establishment in Palestine of a National Home for the Jewish people" (http://www.pbs.org/pov/pov2001/promises/timeline1.html). This was declared to win Jewish support for the Allies in World War I, which it did. However Jewish support was not enough. In order to win World War I, the Ottoman Empire had to be toppled and in order to topple such a large empire, there had to be revolution. The High Commissioner of Britain promised the Emir, or Governor, of Mecca (major city in present day Saudi Arabia) that if his forces fought the Ottomans, than they would support Arab Independence. As soon as the Ottoman Empire fell, Britain gained control of Palestine, which then included modern-day Israel, as well as modern-day Jordan. Britain gave Palestine to the east of the Jordan River to the Emir Abdullah, who was the son of the Emir of Mecca. They did this to live up to their agreement, which said they would support Arab...

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