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"One Hundred Years Of Solitude" By Gabriel García Márquez.

1367 words - 5 pages

Gabriel García Márquez's masterpiece, One Hundred Years of Solitude, is sad story of the loves, tragedies, and everyday lives of the Buendía family. Throughout the generations, there are many themes, character types, and events that are always present and repeating. It is their fate to be stuck in a never-ending cycle.José Arcadio Buendía represents Adam in a biblical sense in "One Hundred Years of Solitude". He is the founder and leader of Macondo, and during his life he never stops striving for knowledge. Some time after founding Macondo, a mythical yet intensely real town, José Arcadio Buendía discovers the wonders of science. The Gypsies that frequent the town every few years first introduce José Arcadio Buendía to the idea of magic and new wonders of the world, and they even give him a lab to mess around in. José Arcadio Buendía eventually abandons the magical effects of the Gypsies for true scientific study. One day in his lab he thinks he has discovered perpetual motion. Because perpetual motion is imposible to achieve, he goes crazy. He is convinced the same day is repeating itself over and over again. In a sense, his discovery made the world timeless for him. Time begins to change and the past, present, and future start to overlap. He is able to visit his descendants throughout out the book even after he is dead. With this repetition Márquez is hinting that the real world never moves forward or backwards, but is generally all the same. This sense that time is repeating sets up the rest of the family to just repeat the same story over and over.Colonel Aureliano Buendía is the military figure head of the Buendía family. He inherited his will and reclusiveness from his father José Arcadio Buendía. He leads the liberal attack on the conservatives and he is always pushing for liberal victory. He is the main art figure in the novel. During the war he loses contact with the world. He has no emotions. Before the war he was able to write beautiful poetry. After his return he has it all burnt, showing how much he has lost touch with his emotional side. He follows his fathers footsteps and locks himself in his lab to sit and make little golden fish. The fish are a metaphor that symbolize different elements in his life. He has 25 of the fish and he makes them, and then melts them down to be made again. He has no memory and he is just caught in the cycle of making the same fish over and over again. For him there is nothing else but the very short repetitions of making the little fish. A short while before he dies, he realizes that he has dreamt the same dream every night for many years.Just in the way José Arcadio Buendía is able to transcend time, Melquíades is timeless. He is a ghost that is present throughout the whole book. He is a guide to Aureliano in the end of the book. Aureliano spends his end days shut up in...

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