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A Study Of Romantic Factors In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

1996 words - 8 pages

From the very opening of the novel, there is an introduction of a character and his relation to nature, in this case, Robert Walton as he depicts the grandeur of nature through his letters sent to her sister while setting out on his adventure to the North pole; “There, Margaret, the sun is forever visible, its broad disk just skirting the horizon and diffusing a perpetual splendour” (Shelley 10). Through this description, it is evident that Romantic elements are being portrayed through Frankenstein since the love and emotion for nature is emphasized repeatedly. Moreover, Romantic literature regards emotion and imagination as more important entities than reason and formal rules. This characteristic is exemplified throughout the novel and is the main cause of the scientist’s invention which is caused due to his curious nature rather than rational thoughts. Generally, The Romantic Movement was established in the late 18th century by artists across Europe. The concept of Romanticism is that rationality doesn’t provide an explanation to everything. Thus, Romantics were known for their irrational thoughts and deep emotions unlike the Enlightenment Age, where rationality, collective thoughts, science and deductive reason were heavily focused on which eventually led to the birth of the Industrial Revolution (Hug 17 Mar. 2014). Many writers embraced the ideology of Romanticism and often incorporated several characteristics throughout their texts, for instance, Marry Shelley’s Frankenstein. The novel regards a young curious scientist residing in Switzerland named, Victor Frankenstein. Being an inquiring individual, he shifts to the University of Ingolstadt where he develops an interest in alchemy and chemistry. Expanding his knowledge about natural philosophy, he comes up with an inspiration to create a synthetic creature using deceased human body parts. However, the creation of the individual turns out to be a devastating horrible outcome, causing the scientist to reject his work. After the abandonment of his own creation, the scientist faces sad, remorseful events as the monster torments his creator by assassinating several members of the scientist’s family. Furious, Victor chases down the monster up in the North, until he falls sick and is rescued by Robert Walton. During his stay on the ship, Victor recovers but soon faces death and this saddens the monster causing it to fade away in the ice, thus excluding itself from society. This novel embodies many romantic elements. For instance, beauty and wisdom could only be accessed through nature. Moreover, isolation of the main character is present and as well as the comparison of the impacts of cities and nature. Mary Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein is an illustration of a Romantic novel through the influence of nature, the power of passion, and lastly the danger of knowledge.
Embraced by Romantics, nature contributes as a key component in Romantic literature. It permits individuals to experience...

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