This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1152 words - 5 pages

In today’s world, it is of the utmost importance to learn from mistakes of the past. Certain events, especially tragedies that could have been avoided, hold within them the lessons and wisdom that should be used to prevent similar disasters. The 1994 Rwandan genocide resulted in over 800, 000 deaths of the Tutsi people, at the hands of the Hutu; the genocide, and the international response to it, is a lesson about the humanitarian responsibilities, successes, and shortcomings of the United Nations.
The events leading up to the Rwandan genocide began decades earlier. There has been a long history of “ethnic” tensions, though it is really a matter of social class. The classification began with the German and Belgian colonizers in the early 1900’s. These colonizers created the social classes of “Hutu” and “Tutsi”, and distributed identification cards with such information (Johnson). The genocide was set off when the president’s plane was shot down (Genocide in Rwanda). Though it was never determined who shot the plane down, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, who were Tutsi rebels, have been blamed (The Rwandan Genocide). Immediately following the assassination, violence erupted in the capital city, Kigali. (Genocide in Rwanda)
During the 100-day period after April 6, 1994, between 800, 000 and one million Tutsi people were slaughtered. (Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda 1994) On April 7, roadblocks began to appear and soldiers began scouring the country for any person whose identification card read “Tutsi”. Entire families were murdered, often by their own neighbors and friends, and occasionally by relatives through marriage. Eleven year-old Hamis Kamuhanda recounted his experience in an interview with a reporter from the British Broadcasting Corporation. About his family, he said, “The following day we heard rumors that Hutus were out to kill every Tutsi in the country… I had never seen my parents so agitated and terrified in all my life.” Hamis’ father was taken by Hutu soldiers. (Rwanda Genocide Eyewitness) These killings were done mostly through face-to-face brutality, using machetes and similar weapons. It is estimated that 200,000 Hutus participated in the brutal massacre. (Genocide in Rwanda) Along with Tutsis, many moderate Hutus were also killed. Any Hutus who attempted to assist or protect Tutsis were also murdered.
The international response to the crisis was more of an international denial. The United Nations withdrew their troops from Rwanda, leaving innocent civilians defenseless against the Hutu soldiers. (Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda 1994). After ten United Nations soldiers were killed, the United Nations made the decision to pull their troops from the country. By the end of April 1994, only 200 United Nations soldiers remained in Rwanda (Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda 1994). The remaining soldiers were given no orders to intervene, and often watched as innocent Tutsis were killed. (Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda...

Find Another Essay On The Rwandan Genocide

The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 Essay

1381 words - 6 pages In April of 1994 a terrible event took place, one where approximately one-million people were brutally murdered on the basis of their ethnicity or if they opposed the regime. (Uvin, 2003). This terrible event occurred in Rwanda, and it is known as the Rwandan Genocide. Genocide can be described as a one sided mass killing in which the state or other authority intends to destroy a group, as that group and membership in it are identified by the

A Look at the Rwandan Genocide

1442 words - 6 pages up at helped the victims of this horrible crime. Rwanda used to be a peaceful country until the Civil war started. Belgium then took over Rwanda and put the Tutsis in charge of the government because they had more European characteristics like the Belgium population (Anderson 1). This upset the Hutus, so the Hutus then blamed the Tutsis for the president’s assassination. The Rwandan genocide then started on April 6, 1994. It lasted for 100

The Terrible Acts of Rwandan Genocide

1668 words - 7 pages imposing measures to prevent birth is done to a specific nation, race ethnic group, or religious group. This definition was created a while before the Rwandan genocide was even thought of, but this definition is what could have caused further involvement in Rwanda. People found that if they simply did not call it a genocide, then they didn’t need to help. The government would use phrases such as “possible genocide” or “acts of genocide may have

European Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide

920 words - 4 pages emancipation from the Tutsis and Belgians. Hutu intellectuals and the catholic church also criticized the favorable bias of the Tutsis. The Rwandan genocide was considered an ‘open secret’ because in the Bahutu Manifesto, the identity cards established by the Belgians was deemed to be necessary. The document defended to need for racial markers to be used as a protective measure after independence (Hintjens 255). In 1961, the first parliamentary

European Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide

1476 words - 6 pages genocide. Still today, it is unknown whether the assassination of the president was by a Hutu extremis or Tutsi extremist. Within the first and second week following the plane crash, five to ten percent of Rwanda’s population were killed. The Rwandan genocide is documented as “…one of the highest causality rates of any population in history from non-natural causes (Hintjens 242).” International soldiers from Germany and the UN were ordered to not

Lessons Learnt From the Rwandan Genocide

2549 words - 10 pages became common and elevated the further spreading of AIDS (Our Grations, 2006). Families in Rwanda were crippled by; death, disease, disability, poverty, loss of dignity and incarceration (Moodley, et al., 2010). There were also a lot of material, psychological and social trauma that followed the genocide (Hagengimana, 2001). Ihahamuka was introduced into the Rwandan vocabulary after the genocide, describing a form of post traumatic stress disorder

European Intervention and the Rwandan Genocide

1144 words - 5 pages Genocide is the destruction of a cultural, racial or political group through the use of “..one-sided mass killings..(Hintjens 267).” The April of 1994, “Rwandan subjects and citizens were the main actors in the genocide (Hintjens 244).” The establishment of colonial rule by the Europeans impacted the conflict in Rwanda due to the creation of ethnic boundaries between the Tutsis and the Hutus. Hierarchies were established based upon European

Reflecting on our failure: The Rwandan Genocide

1099 words - 5 pages Hutus went to Zaire, the fighting has moved there as well. To this day, HIV and AIDS is a problem in Rwanda. The practice of kiwinjra, or sharing men, has become popular. In an attempt to rebalance the gender ratio, women share men. The unbalance is another outcome of the genocide. Only 20% of Rwandan population is adult male because they were the ones being targeted in the massacres. Another group of people whose presence is scarce is teachers

Effect of imperialism on the Rwandan genocide

1064 words - 4 pages , Rwanda and Burundi. (5)Tutsi exiles continued attacks on Hutu throughout the 60s. The First Republic, led by Hutu, ended with a 1973 rebellion coordinated by the Hutu Minister of Defense, Juvenal Habyarimana. Tutsi revels in Uganda formed the Rwandan Patriotic Front, or the RPF, and invaded Rwanda in 1990. The conflict ended in 1993 with a power-sharing agreement treaty. But the peace was broken again when Habyarimana's plane was shot down in

The Rwandan Genocide: Factors that Contribute to Genocide

2907 words - 12 pages the nations in power chose to ignore them. From April 6, 1994 until mid-July, a time spanning approximately of 100 days, 800,000 people were murdered when the Hutu attacked the Tutsi. No foreign aid came to the rescue until it was too late. Ten years after the genocide the United Nations was still involved in Rwanda, cleaning up the mess that was left behind because of man’s sinful nature. Could the Rwandan Genocide have been prevented, or is it

A Comprehensive Analysis of the Rwandan Genocide to the Holocaust

1432 words - 6 pages Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began a mass slaughtering of the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. This mass slaughtering is labeled as genocide, the deliberate obliteration of an ethnic, racial, religious, or political group. The Rwandan genocide lasted 100 days while other countries stood idly by and watched the brutal killings continue. The hatred against the Tutsis began after the RPF invasion in October of 1990. Accusations

Similar Essays

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1315 words - 5 pages Rwandan Genocide The Rwandan Genocide began on April 6, 1994 and lasted for about 100 days (History). The two groups involved, the Hutus and Tutsis, were in a massive conflict after their president was killed. The Hutus brutally killed about 800,000 Tutsis and supporters. This tragic genocide was not stopped by other countries during its peak, leaving the world wondering why. As we commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide, it

Regarding The Rwandan Genocide Essay

937 words - 4 pages end on April 6th, 1994 when Habyarimana was killed in a plane crash; purposely shot-down by an anonymous. It served as the catalyst for the Rwandan Genocide, allowing each side to claim its innocence of the murder. The United States must intervene to ensure world peace and human rights of the Tutsis by using political instruments such as sending in relief works, and doctors, and issuing threats. Relief workers should be sent in to first, see how

The Rwandan Genocide Essay

956 words - 4 pages The Rwandan Genocide was a terrible event in Africa's history that decimated many minorities in Rwanda. The Hutu killed 800,000 people of minority in Rwanda, including Tutsi and Pygmy people in 100 days, and if it was scaled to the length of time the Holocaust took place, the casualties would be more than 34 million people killed. Citizens were told to gather arms and fight against their neighbor, and many obeyed. Before the war By the 1990’s

Roots Of The Rwandan Genocide Essay

1945 words - 8 pages On April 6, 1994, Rwanda experienced a period of great turmoil as thousands of people fell victim to the horrors of the Rwandan genocide. The main targets of the genocide were Tutsis and Hutu moderates. Though the main cause of the genocide was a conflict between two ethnicities, the genocide was also fueled by political factors and social conditions. Rwanda is the smallest sub-Saharan country with a population of about 7 million inhabitants