A Lexical Pragmatic Analysis Of Proverbs In Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel.

2143 words - 9 pages

This essay is a pragmatic reading of moral and socio-political decadence in Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel. It does this by analyzing ten out of twenty-five proverbs deployed in the text. In analyzing the proverbs, this essay observes that each has at least an ad hoc constituent which requires semantic modulation to get at the meanings of the proverbs. This modulation is not arbitrary, but contextually negotiated until the reader reaches his optimal relevance.
Wilson and Carston argue that metaphors are cases of ad hoc constructions (7), for instance, when a speaker says, ‘The boy is a lion’. While a literary scholar would see this as metaphorical, Wilson and Carston believe that the above sentence is a case of the use of an ad hoc constituent-lion- that if modulated the meaning becomes clear:
lion = a four legged carnivore
lion* = the king of all animals; ferocious and brave
If this sense of lion* is transferred to the sentence, one would understand that the speaker means any of the followings:
a) The boy is the leader of his peers
b) The boy is ferocious
c) The boy is brave
Ad hoc Construction has to do with meaning modulations that occur to pertinent constituents in utterances. These modulations could be widening or narrowing (Wilson and Carston 9). It is this sense of analysis that this essay transfers to the proverbs used in Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel. This is because this paper understands that proverbs are largely cases of metaphor. Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel is a classical humourous play which reflects the socio-political, abysmal, perverse, corrupt, sordid, squander mania spirit that ‘graced’ the Second and Third Republic that Nigeria has experienced. Many of the works on the play see it as a humourous art which chastises the moral, social, economic, and political life of Nigeria. Hence they see Osofisan as a satirist. Apart from Clement Ajidahun who does a linguistic analysis of the playwright’s deployment of animal symbols in most of his plays, the other critics examine Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel from literary perspectives.
Femi Osofisan has had interviews with scholars with whom he shares his drives, aims, and ideological concepts behind his works. One of such is with Ossie Onuorah Enekwe where he says that:
To get desperately close to the spectator, to each and every one I have trapped in the darkness or half light, to penetrate very close and intimate, like a knife in the ribs. I want to make that spectator happy but uncomfortable. I want to turn him open, guts and all, spice him, cook him in the filthy, stinking broil of our history. I want him washed inside out, in the naked truth, and then I sew him back again a different man. (18)
The playwright’s closeness to a reader of Midnight Hotel is predicated on the contemporary subject matters raised in the text. It is true the essence of the play is to effect a social change (as it is with most literary works), but this change cannot occur if the reader finds it...

Find Another Essay On A Lexical Pragmatic Analysis of Proverbs in Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel.

Analysis of Autistic Protagonist Christopher in the Curious Incident of Dog in Midnight by Mark Haddon

975 words - 4 pages In this essay that follows, I shall be analysing on the autistic protagonist Christopher, from Mark Haddon book, the curious incident of dog in midnight (2003). It will look at Christopher’s inability to understand people’s emotions, behave, and think differently than others. Christopher, demonstrates list of features that may suggest the signs of Asperger’s syndrome (ASD).In this essay I shall also highlight on the events, that occurs in

Analysis of the Four Season's Hotel and its business strategy in the luxury hotel Industry

7663 words - 31 pages individual analysis and group discussion, the following report was devised. The mandate of this report is to provide a macro examination of the luxury hotel industry and specifically the future outlook of Four Seasons Hotel and Resorts, Inc.Company History and BackgroundThe vision for Four Seasons Hotel and Resorts (FSH) began back in the 1960's when current chairman and CEO, Isadore Sharp, envisioned a luxury lodging chain that was able to set

Analysis/Evaluation of “Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil”

953 words - 4 pages Analysis/Evaluation of the Novel OverviewSummaryA man from new York decides to vacation in Savannah, Georgia. In the short period of time he spends in Savannah, he becomes enthralled by his surroundings and ends up spedning the next eight years of his life learning about the secrets of Savannah, Georgia. We learn about the people that make up the intricate workings of Savannah. We learn about the attitude of the town as a whole and the attitudes

competitive analysis of leela hotel

7351 words - 29 pages successful Hospitality chain. It would also evaluate the growth and implementation strategies which provide a strong foundation to the business of this organization.The report will be developed on the basis of analysis of a dynamic competitive environment in which major key players of the Indian hospitality industry operate. This analysis provides a clear understanding about external factors and industry trends that influence the business of the

A case analysis of the Irish Hotel Industry with specific reference to the City Hotel (a fictional Hotel and it's problems with Human Resources

3806 words - 15 pages The following report is an analysis of the Irish Hotel industry with specific reference to the City Hotel. After identifying the main problems facing the Hotel, I have completed an external analysis on the environment the hotel is currently operating in. A review of the hotel's current strategy determined whether it can operate profitably in this environment and what changes need to be made with it's identified problems to the fore.Challenges

An Exploration of Proverbs in Things Fall Apart by Achebe

987 words - 4 pages Proverbs A proverb is "a brief, memorable saying that expresses a truth or belief" (Proverb). “Proverbs are the palm oil with which words are eaten" (Achebe 7), and they enhance the meaning of all the conversations. “A proverb is [basically] a short sentence based on long experience” (. In Things Fall Apart, proverbs are mainly used in the development of the important characters. Through proverbs used in character development, Achebe shows

A Study of Contribution Internal Sale in Hotel Profit

1183 words - 5 pages the least expensive alternative to one that is higher priced. Otherwise, rate category alternative may help the guest to make a decision for their room, at the same time this technique puts no pressure on the guest. Basically, guest may get confused in room categories, bedding type and views but the entire component may influence the room rate for the hotel TYPE OF ROOM DESCRIPTION Standard This is the most basic room type offered by the hotel

Hotel Employees’ Attitude and Participation in Environmental Management: A Case Study of Novotel Bangkok Hotel in Siam Square, Thailand.

3896 words - 16 pages correlated to attitude and participation. The analysis found that individual’s participation was positively related to attitude. Data required: The results of this research are realized in the hotel employees’ attitude and participation in environmental management. In order to achieve the environmental policies of hotel, employees as a driver therefore, the executives’ should know employee attitude and participation. Data sources: The

A Study of Lexical Changes of Modern English Based on Barney Stinson

3233 words - 13 pages representative words from the New York Times bestseller The Bro Code, this article listed thirty words and made detailed analysis of its etymology and meaning, so as to probe into the reason of the latest creation of words and lexical changes.[Keywords] lexical change, The Bro Code, modern EnglishIntroductionAt every stage in the history of any language certain words will undergo a change in meaning. We might refer to changes in the meaning of words as

Close critical analysis of Coleridges Frost at Midnight

1655 words - 7 pages understanding of Romantic poetry that I will conduct my close critical analysis of 'Frost at Midnight' to examine the extent to which the poem embodies and explores the key concerns of Romanticism. 'Frost at Midnight' is a poem written without calculated adherence to established poetic conventions. Comprising four stanzas of varying length, it is written in blank verse and adopts a conversational tone. The flexibility of the meter complements

Strategic analysis of Four Seasons Hotel

2515 words - 10 pages marketing environment. After the content of the suggestions in the third part, some notions of strategic management were put forward in the last part according the analysis before. At last, people will understand that it is important for a perfect strategic management to pay great attention to the coordination of management, finance, technology, marketing, brand and culture.1. Background of Four Seasons HotelThe Four Seasons hotel started in 1960

Similar Essays

A Lexical Pragmatic Analysis Of Proverbs In Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel

1561 words - 7 pages . 1.4 CONCLUSION This essay has looked at Osofisan’s deployment of proverbs in Midnight Hotel from a pragmatic perspective. Although proverbs are largely metaphorical, this essay upholds that they can be explained using Carston’s lexical pragmatics. This paper upholds that the complexity of proverbs lie in the ad hoc constituents. The task therefore is to modulate the semantic scope of these constituents within the contextual ambit of the

Analysis Of A Hotel Business

1277 words - 5 pages variety of snacks,sandwiches, hamburgers, pizzas, chips, chicken nuggets, special pork kebab in pitabread and far more.The bar is open from 9 o'clock in the morning until 2 after midnight. Andy a verywell trained barman is available from 5 o'clock to make his exotic cocktails and withhis humor try to make all guests fell welcomed.There is also a Kids Club running in the hotel where well trained staff are lookingafter the children so that the

A Study Of Cross Cultural Pragmatic Failure

2122 words - 8 pages communication may break down due to pragmatic differences in ways of thinking, rules of speaking, social values, educational backgrounds, lexical connotations and other factors. The term cultural mistakes used by Hu Wenzhong (1985) to refer to language and behavior that is inappropriate or unacceptable to most native speakers, and he considers that cultural mistakes are often worse than linguistic ones and likely to create ill feeling between native

"The Reading Aloud System Consists Of A Lexical (Dictionary Lookup) And A Non Lexical (Rule Based) Procedure." Evaluate This Claim

2429 words - 10 pages It has been known that skilled readers (adult readers) have at their disposal two different procedures for converting print into speech. It has been thought that there is a dictionary look-up (lexical) procedure and a letter-to-sound (non-lexical) procedure, both of which are part of the dual-route cascade model (DRC).Any word that a reader has read is learned and represented as an entry in their mental dictionary or internal lexicon. Such words