This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Lexical Pragmatic Analysis Of Proverbs In Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel.

1561 words - 7 pages

Alatise’s misfortune at the poll is reflected in the proverb:
(vi) It is when the wind blows that you see the anus of a fowl. (28)
Alatise is a headmaster cum politician. This suggests that he must have leaving comfortably before venturing into politics. In the above proverb, the constituents which deserves meaning modulation are: wind, anus, and fowl.
wind = movement of air across the Earth’s surface (literal meaning)
wind* = times of challenges (expanded meaning)
wind** = the Nigerian election (contextual meaning)
anus = the opening a t the end of the alimentary canal, through which feaces are expelled from the body (literal meaning)
anus* = the secretive part of humans (expanded meaning)
anus** = Alatise’s sudden wretchedness (contextual meaning)
fowl = a chicken (literal meaning)
fowl* = the oppressors in the society (expanded meaning)
fowl** = Alatise’s former status, politicians (contextual meaning)
The above semantic modifications show that election in Nigeria is a very sensitive aspect of the politicans’ career. This is because it can make or mar them. Having this in mind, it implies that the Nigerian politicians can go to any length to avoid losing at the poll, so as not to find themselves in Alatise’s humiliating position. Thus through the above proverb, Osofisan frowns at the do-or-die nature of elections in Nigeria.
Alatise finally encounters Bicycle whom he initially mistakes for the receptionist. He engages Bicycle on an irrelevant account of his defeat at the poll. He asks if the poor boy is aware of his electoral escapades, and Bicycle replies ‘no’. This amuses him, hence the proverb:
(vii) A dog may be well fed on rice and garri, eti ro-o! but bones are still its favourite food. (29)
The lexical constituents- dog, rice and garri, and bones are ad hoc constructions. The reader has to negotiate their meanings around the literal to the modulated meaning in order to arrive at the contextual meaning, thus:
dog = a four legged animal (literal meaning)
dog* = a mentally retarded yes-man (expanded meaning)
dog** = Bicycle (contextual meaning 1)
dog*** = the poor unimformed rural masses (contextual meaning 2)
dog** refers to the context of the play, while dog*** refers to the Nigerian context.
rice and beans = food for humans (literal meaning)
rice and beans* = education/information (contextual meaning)
The reader is able to modulate the above constituent because he knows that Osofisan is not referring to the physical food.
bone = food meant for animals (literal meaning)
bone* = illiteracy; ignorance (contextual meaning)
The reader is also able to arrive at bones* because he knows that Osofisan does not refer to Bicycle as a cannibal. Moreover, no literal animal has been mentioned in the context. Thus, with the help of lexical pragmatics the reader infers that the playwright juxtaposes these constituents to register his displeasure with the oppressed who have refused to get themselves informed, and...

Find Another Essay On A Lexical Pragmatic Analysis of Proverbs in Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel.

Analysis of Autistic Protagonist Christopher in the Curious Incident of Dog in Midnight by Mark Haddon

975 words - 4 pages In this essay that follows, I shall be analysing on the autistic protagonist Christopher, from Mark Haddon book, the curious incident of dog in midnight (2003). It will look at Christopher’s inability to understand people’s emotions, behave, and think differently than others. Christopher, demonstrates list of features that may suggest the signs of Asperger’s syndrome (ASD).In this essay I shall also highlight on the events, that occurs in

Analysis of the Four Season's Hotel and its business strategy in the luxury hotel Industry

7663 words - 31 pages individual analysis and group discussion, the following report was devised. The mandate of this report is to provide a macro examination of the luxury hotel industry and specifically the future outlook of Four Seasons Hotel and Resorts, Inc.Company History and BackgroundThe vision for Four Seasons Hotel and Resorts (FSH) began back in the 1960's when current chairman and CEO, Isadore Sharp, envisioned a luxury lodging chain that was able to set

Analysis/Evaluation of “Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil”

953 words - 4 pages Analysis/Evaluation of the Novel OverviewSummaryA man from new York decides to vacation in Savannah, Georgia. In the short period of time he spends in Savannah, he becomes enthralled by his surroundings and ends up spedning the next eight years of his life learning about the secrets of Savannah, Georgia. We learn about the people that make up the intricate workings of Savannah. We learn about the attitude of the town as a whole and the attitudes

competitive analysis of leela hotel

7351 words - 29 pages successful Hospitality chain. It would also evaluate the growth and implementation strategies which provide a strong foundation to the business of this organization.The report will be developed on the basis of analysis of a dynamic competitive environment in which major key players of the Indian hospitality industry operate. This analysis provides a clear understanding about external factors and industry trends that influence the business of the

A case analysis of the Irish Hotel Industry with specific reference to the City Hotel (a fictional Hotel and it's problems with Human Resources

3806 words - 15 pages The following report is an analysis of the Irish Hotel industry with specific reference to the City Hotel. After identifying the main problems facing the Hotel, I have completed an external analysis on the environment the hotel is currently operating in. A review of the hotel's current strategy determined whether it can operate profitably in this environment and what changes need to be made with it's identified problems to the fore.Challenges

An Exploration of Proverbs in Things Fall Apart by Achebe

987 words - 4 pages Proverbs A proverb is "a brief, memorable saying that expresses a truth or belief" (Proverb). “Proverbs are the palm oil with which words are eaten" (Achebe 7), and they enhance the meaning of all the conversations. “A proverb is [basically] a short sentence based on long experience” (. In Things Fall Apart, proverbs are mainly used in the development of the important characters. Through proverbs used in character development, Achebe shows

A Study of Contribution Internal Sale in Hotel Profit

1183 words - 5 pages the least expensive alternative to one that is higher priced. Otherwise, rate category alternative may help the guest to make a decision for their room, at the same time this technique puts no pressure on the guest. Basically, guest may get confused in room categories, bedding type and views but the entire component may influence the room rate for the hotel TYPE OF ROOM DESCRIPTION Standard This is the most basic room type offered by the hotel

Hotel Employees’ Attitude and Participation in Environmental Management: A Case Study of Novotel Bangkok Hotel in Siam Square, Thailand.

3896 words - 16 pages correlated to attitude and participation. The analysis found that individual’s participation was positively related to attitude. Data required: The results of this research are realized in the hotel employees’ attitude and participation in environmental management. In order to achieve the environmental policies of hotel, employees as a driver therefore, the executives’ should know employee attitude and participation. Data sources: The

Close critical analysis of Coleridges Frost at Midnight

1655 words - 7 pages understanding of Romantic poetry that I will conduct my close critical analysis of 'Frost at Midnight' to examine the extent to which the poem embodies and explores the key concerns of Romanticism. 'Frost at Midnight' is a poem written without calculated adherence to established poetic conventions. Comprising four stanzas of varying length, it is written in blank verse and adopts a conversational tone. The flexibility of the meter complements

A Study of Lexical Changes of Modern English Based on Barney Stinson

3233 words - 13 pages representative words from the New York Times bestseller The Bro Code, this article listed thirty words and made detailed analysis of its etymology and meaning, so as to probe into the reason of the latest creation of words and lexical changes.[Keywords] lexical change, The Bro Code, modern EnglishIntroductionAt every stage in the history of any language certain words will undergo a change in meaning. We might refer to changes in the meaning of words as

Strategic analysis of Four Seasons Hotel

2515 words - 10 pages marketing environment. After the content of the suggestions in the third part, some notions of strategic management were put forward in the last part according the analysis before. At last, people will understand that it is important for a perfect strategic management to pay great attention to the coordination of management, finance, technology, marketing, brand and culture.1. Background of Four Seasons HotelThe Four Seasons hotel started in 1960

Similar Essays

A Lexical Pragmatic Analysis Of Proverbs In Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel

2143 words - 9 pages This essay is a pragmatic reading of moral and socio-political decadence in Femi Osofisan’s Midnight Hotel. It does this by analyzing ten out of twenty-five proverbs deployed in the text. In analyzing the proverbs, this essay observes that each has at least an ad hoc constituent which requires semantic modulation to get at the meanings of the proverbs. This modulation is not arbitrary, but contextually negotiated until the reader reaches his

Analysis Of A Hotel Business

1277 words - 5 pages variety of snacks,sandwiches, hamburgers, pizzas, chips, chicken nuggets, special pork kebab in pitabread and far more.The bar is open from 9 o'clock in the morning until 2 after midnight. Andy a verywell trained barman is available from 5 o'clock to make his exotic cocktails and withhis humor try to make all guests fell welcomed.There is also a Kids Club running in the hotel where well trained staff are lookingafter the children so that the

A Study Of Cross Cultural Pragmatic Failure

2122 words - 8 pages communication may break down due to pragmatic differences in ways of thinking, rules of speaking, social values, educational backgrounds, lexical connotations and other factors. The term cultural mistakes used by Hu Wenzhong (1985) to refer to language and behavior that is inappropriate or unacceptable to most native speakers, and he considers that cultural mistakes are often worse than linguistic ones and likely to create ill feeling between native

"The Reading Aloud System Consists Of A Lexical (Dictionary Lookup) And A Non Lexical (Rule Based) Procedure." Evaluate This Claim

2429 words - 10 pages It has been known that skilled readers (adult readers) have at their disposal two different procedures for converting print into speech. It has been thought that there is a dictionary look-up (lexical) procedure and a letter-to-sound (non-lexical) procedure, both of which are part of the dual-route cascade model (DRC).Any word that a reader has read is learned and represented as an entry in their mental dictionary or internal lexicon. Such words