Binge Eating Disorder
Binge Eating Disorder also known as Compulsive Eating Disorder, is a disorder in which a person uses food to deal with their stress and other negative emotions. A person affected from Binge Eating Disorder will secretly and compulsively overeat large amounts of food even if they were not hungry at all. During a Bingeing Episode, it could last several hours or all day, and can be reoccurring several times in one week. Often the foods that are consumed are “comfort foods” such as cookies, chips, candy, etc. Aside from the disorder there are its symptoms, who is affected, age of onset, causes, potential treatment methodology, and several resources for help. (Smith, Segal, and J. Segal; February 2014)
Some of the symptoms associated with Binge Eating Disorder are frequent episodes of consuming large amounts of food in a short period of time. A person uses the food to fill an empty void that they have and even though the food being consumed temporarily elevates them; Afterwards, a binger feels a sense of guilt, shame, or embarrassment. Due to consuming large amounts, a binger will eat in a secretive location away from others so they don’t feel judged by others. Sometimes a binger feels out-of-control or on auto-pilot when they begin there episode and also may not feel satisfied after bingeing. Binge Eating Disorder usually affects somebody who is overweight or obese, but people of regular weight can also be affected. (Smith, Segal, and J. Segal; February 2014)
Binge Eating Disorder usually affects an estimated 1-5% of the general population. And also affects more women (60%) than men (40%). It is estimated that 3-5% (5 million) of women are affected. In contrast it affects around 2% (3 million) of men. Binge Eating Disorder does not discriminate and can affect any race or religion. There is no specific age of onset. Binge Eating Disorder can affect children as well as adults. Most instances usually occur in late adolescence or early adulthood. (Binge Eating Disorder, http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/binge-eating-disorder/)
Nobody knows for sure what causes Binge Eating Disorder; However, there have been some known causes. One of the main cause linked is the Psychological cause, depression; Other relative causes tied to depression are low self-esteem and loneliness. Another cause is a Biological cause of genetics. Being accustomed to an unhealthy lifestyle makes Binge Eating Disorder an uphill battle. An abnormality in the hypothalamus (a part of the brain that controls ones appetite) may contribute by not properly sending correct messages of fullness. Also low levels of serotonin (a neurotransmitter that affects mood, hunger and sleep) could play a role. The last cause is a Social and...