A Managers Role And Motivation Techniques.

1770 words - 7 pages

4. Findings4.1 A manager's role the most pivotal role of any manager is performance; any business is assessed on its achievement of set targets, and it is the manager's job to ensure this. "Effective leadership is not about making speeches or being liked; leadership is defined by results not attributes" Peter F. Drucker. Key to the results of any organisation is the employees and their motivation to achieve high levels of efficiency; there are many different viewpoints and models on how a manager should motivate their workforce and on what motivates them. There are 4 main theories that do not all come to the same conclusion, these are by Taylor, Mayo, Maslow and Herzberg.4.2 Four main theories of motivationTwo of these theories assume that workers are only motivated by one factor. The 'Theory of Scientific Management' written by Fredrick Taylor (1856-1917) assumes that levels of pay motivate workers. Whereas Elton Mayo (1880-1949) research the 'Hawthorne Studies' found that they are motivated by their Social Requirements. The other two theories adopt a multi-factored approach. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) in 'A theory of human motivation' argued that there were 5 different levels of needs that motivated workers that make a hierarchical structure see appendix item A. Fredrick Herzberg (1923-2000) introduced the Motivator-Hygiene theory argued that there were many factors that could motivate (motivators) but that there were also things that could de-motivate but not motivate (hygiene factors).4.2.1 Single Factor theoriesTaylor's theory based on pay aspects assumed, in line with McGregor's Theory X, that all employees were idle and tried to do the least work possible "Hardly a competent workman can be found who does not devote a considerable amount of time to studying just how slowly he can work and still convince his employer that he is going at a good pace" Frederick Taylor. Whereas, Mayo showed that worker's enjoy working together. Taylor's uses an autocratic management style in which the manager's make all of the decisions. Mayo's theory advocates group work, teams collectively working towards a goal. However, Taylor thought that it is the manager's responsibility to delegate small tasks to each individual and they should be paid according to their productivity. This motivates the workers as they aim to maximise their earnings. Taylor's model was first used by Henry Ford but was un-popular with workers as it was boring work and there were job losses as productivity increased.Mayo's socially minded theory, which shares ideas with the paternalistic style of management, was based on research conducted at the Western Electric Company. He separated out two groups of workers and found that despite differing conditions such as lighting, productivity remained constant; this is in conflict with Herzberg's Hygiene Factors. Mayo suggested that to motivate workers there must be improved interaction between workers and managers through communication and an...

Find Another Essay On A Managers Role and Motivation Techniques.


1056 words - 5 pages Managers, auditors and audit committees play a vital role in determining and applying materiality. A brief description of the primary roles of each position are provided; as this is an important part of understanding their responsibilities in regards to auditing procedures and materiality. Internal controls play an important role in auditing procedures; CICA Handbook, Section 5200.05 states that, “Internal control systems are designed to

Motivation and Leadership: A case study analysis

3566 words - 14 pages , something that deals with successful goal setting and it is stated in the Appendix as, «the internal belief that one has the necessary capabilities and competencies to perform a task, fulfill role expectations, or meet a challenging situation successfully» (583). Since the above is not met by the workers, they feel that their job is a routine work, and they believe that they could have learned more things if they were working in other

Nick's role in the Great Gatsby along with the Fitzgeralds use of symbols and techniques

635 words - 3 pages The Great GatsbyThe novel "Great Gatsby" can be described as a series of events as seen through the eyes of a central figure around which the story takes place. This novel represents a materialistic society where success is equated with wealth and where the American dream is an object of desire for all people who wish to live a better life.Nick Carraway plays the vital role of the narrator, but in spite of this he is also seen as the role of a

Critically analyze the role of senior managers as barriers to organizational change and explore how this can be addressed

2948 words - 12 pages obstructed. Too far from the front line is the last barrier from senior managers in the organizational change that will be discussed in this essay. Senior management is sometimes in danger of becoming disengaged from the nuts and bolts of the shop floor activity. Getting engaged in change from managers can be difficult if they see their role as distant from the processes being directly impacted. A few other reasons for senior managers being

Retaining best employees is somewhat crucial for organization’s development. How managers can use an integrated model of motivation to enhance productivity and human resource maintenance?

1747 words - 7 pages way managers can use an intrigated model of motivation to enhance productivity and human resource maintenance. In the present scenario, Human resource is one of the most vital assets for a company. The world has now realised that the human capital of a company has to be treated with care, or else the company will be the loser in the end. There is nothing more valuable in a company than a valued employee who has been providing them with their

Examine two content theories of motivation that you are familiar with and explain how these theories might help managers motivate employees more effectively

1696 words - 7 pages and needs as human beings. Since the manager works with and through people, he must recognize these needs in order to motivate his subordinates to work to the best of their abilities. Otherwise the efficiency of the whole firm may be affected. Yet the needs of individuals vary considerably and managers may have problems in introducing a system of motivation that satisfies everyone. Therefore, a manager might want to motivate the employees by

Motivation and the Role it Plays with Royal Marine Physical Training

2700 words - 11 pages PSYCHOLOGY MODULE - MOTIVATION AND THE ROLE IT PLAYS WITH ROYAL MARINE PHYSICAL TRAINING.In my opinion, to be a successful and competent teacher you must be able to motivate people. The whole concept of learning requires effort, commitment and diligence and this must come from both the student and the teacher. I have decided to base this Psychology Module on Motivation and the dynamics of motivation. I will chart my progress as a motivator and

Perfectionism and Athlete Burnout in Elite Sports: The Mediating Role of Self-Determined Motivation

2480 words - 10 pages prescribed perfectionism on athlete burnout. The Mediating Role of Self-Determined Motivation Self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985) has provided a promising theoretical framework through which to examine potential antecedents of athlete burnout (Cresswell & Eklund, 2005; Lemyre et al., 2006). Athlete burnout has been suggested to develop when motivation is no longer self-determined and amotivated; moreover, when there is a lack of

I'm not scared: Discuss the role fear plays in the actions and motivation of the villagers

561 words - 2 pages Fear has brought its way into a little town called Aqua traverse, motivating them into cold blooded kidnappers. The role of fear appears in many of the villagers in particular Michele, Felice and Pino as they show numerous areas of fear throughout the novel I'm not scared. An innocent young boy Michele takes his fears on head first and motivates himself on with his comic book character Tiger Jack to try and free another innocent boy in

Memories and Their Role in Character Motivation: An Analysis of “Dreams of Home”

1030 words - 5 pages Remembrance and the use of memories not only serve a role as a form of inspirational and driving force, but also serve as a path way to immortality for those who have long passed. Remembrance takes many forms, one of which is literature, and a specific area where this is true is in war literature. Examples of this range from the lyrical genius of “Heart of Oak”, which recollects and celebrates the British Navy in the 19th Century, a time in

A review to cloud computing modeling,simulations and testing techniques

1707 words - 7 pages to Ns2. Analyzing energy efficiency of cloud was motivation behind GreenCloud development to interact and measure cloud performance. [p] they proposed a packet level cloud computing data center simulator aimed to evaluate the energy costs of data center (computing servers, network switches and communication links). Architecture of GreenCloud environment C. EMUSIM -> Software This is an integrated architecture built from two software

Similar Essays

Mcdonald Organisation Chart And Motivation Techniques

897 words - 4 pages Human Resource overviewLeadership Style and Motivational techniques used by West Herts. Collage.The organisation and span of control for the Herts Collage for 2006 is shown on appendix 1, and can easily be obtained from their web site.Motivation is an important factor for a business. If you do not motivate staff it could result in the following; lead to high absentee seam, more clock watching, higher staff turnover, low effectiveness of staff

Techniques To Improve Recruiting And Interviewing Practises By Managers

1772 words - 7 pages Techniques to Improve Recruiting and Interviewing Practises by Managers Recruitment and selection have always been critical processes for organisations. In recent years, there has been growing evidence that the formation of positive psychological contract with employees provides the basis for a positive outcome in terms of organisational commitment and motivation. Recruitment and selection are vital stages in the

Critical Analyzing Of The Knowledge, Skills And Abilities That Are Key To A Managers Role Within An Organization

2845 words - 11 pages higher management to show I was as astute as previous managers and capable of moving on in a way which gave me time to bond as a manager with the employees and gain valuable experience in the role from which I was expected to get results from.My winning formula was simple; to put together a feedback questionnaire which involved everyone from the site leader to the cleaner.Each person was given 25 questions, some relevant, some comical and some which I

Employee Motivation And Its Role In Modern Management

892 words - 4 pages explosion of practices, techniques and principles that work (Allison, 2006). However, the modern world of management falls short of maintaining an economically favorable balance of productivity against loss costs. Arguably, the most effective albeit most neglected means of motivation requires only occasional genuine demonstrations of management concern and interest coupled with the provision of remedial or corrective actions. In the management world