A Speech Disputing The Electoral College

1112 words - 4 pages

Sorry if its hard to fallow, i didnt write this out formaly, this is only my notes

Introduction

        For a moment let's use our imaginations. Lets imagine we are playing a basket ball game. Let's suppose at the end of the game our team scores more points than the other team, but the other team scored more 3-point shots. Would it be fair to declare the other team the victor even though we clearly had a higher over all score? The most obvious answer to this in "No." Then how come in the good ol' US, a presidential candidate can receive the most votes by Americans yet loose the election? The answer, the antiquated institution we call the electoral college. I was not fully aware of how truly unjust the Electoral College is until I did my own research into the subject. Through a look at the Electoral College, some of the problems with the system with examples from the 2000 presidential elections, and finally a proposed amendment to the constitution, I hope to persuade you that the Electoral College should be eliminated.

        Transition: okay let's begin with a quick look why we have Electoral College and its popularity.

The framers of our constitution were faced with a difficult decision. They had the exhausting task of trying to find away to elect a president. After much debate and compromise they settled on the Electoral College. Because of the lack of national campaigns, the Electoral College may have been a good thing over 200 yrs ago. However, today we have transportation, allowing candidates to campaign across the country and we have nationally televised debates, which inform the population of the issues of the candidates. . It has been proven that Americans today do not agree with the way their president is chosen. There have been countless surveys expressing the desire for the Electoral College to be abolished. According the Bruce Bartlett, in an article for NCPA, as far back as 1944, a Gallup pole showed that 65% of Americans were in favor of abolishing the Electoral College, in 1988 survey, before the infamous 2000 election, 77% of Americans preferred direct voting. Since then, according to Senator Durbin, countless poles have shown the disapproval of the Electoral College.

        
Transition: Now lets move on to how the Electoral College imposes unfairness today. Get ready because I am going to be throwing out a lot of figures.

1. The first major problem with the Electoral College is the winner take all system. According to Dahl, a professor at Yale, in his recent book, it reduces the incentives of candidates to compete for votes in "safe" states, reduces the incentives of potential third party candidates and finally reduces the incentives of voters in "safe" states to get out and vote.

        EX: 1.) According to infoplease.com, in the 2000 election Bush and Gore both got 49% of the popular vote but because bush led by 537 votes, he got all of FL 25 electoral votes.

         2.) In WI...

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