“A Modest Proposal” Essay

844 words - 4 pages

Well-known author Jonathan Swift, in his article, “A Modest Proposal”, attempts to point out the flaws of the Irish economy through a satirical proposal to initiate the recovery of the economy. Swift’s purpose is to galvanize the public into helping itself by stabilizing the economic conditions. He adopts a satirical tone in order to convey the idea that the Irish must help themselves by reinforcing each other.
Firstly, the issue that prompts Swift to write this piece is the current economic conditions of Ireland. Many individuals and families are destitute, impoverished, and needing to beg to survive. There does not seem to be an end in sight for these terrified citizens. Swift, an ...view middle of the document...

As the situation truly does not involve him, it shows that he is concerned and is willing to ponder the problem in order to offer a solution. The tone is one of poking fun, in a satirical manner that is not meant to0 be taken completely seriously. Swift analyzes the situation both seriously and humorously. He realizes that it is a serious subject, but he believes that the suggestion of any solution, even a despicable one, could spark a series of true solutions to the poverty of Ireland.
To appeal to the logical audience, Swift uses many types of statistics and reasons to support his argument. This could be seen as the backbone of his thesis, as a simple cost-benefit analysis shows that his plan could be financially beneficial to the economy. He describes the total population of Ireland as being one and a half million people, including two hundred thousand breeders, minus fifty thousand of which would most likely miscarry. He also states how the charge of nursing a child will be two shillings annually. Swift claims that this will be an excellent manner in which to assist the poor. Swift primarily uses statistics to support his assertions.
Emotionally, Jonathan Swift attempts to convey a sense of urgency about this dire situation. He wants the reader to feel pity and sympathy with the Irish, in order to spur them into action. By satirically suggesting that the Irish should consume their own, Swift implies...

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