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A Modest Proposal By Jonathan Swift

882 words - 4 pages

Irishmen, educated, father and husband. All these titles make Jonathan Swift more than qualified to be the author of “A Modest Proposal,” published in the 1729. It discussed the astonishing poverty that was sweeping the Irish nation, his home country, during the early 18th century, which in his opinion was not the nations own doing. He adopts a sarcastic tone in order to display to the Irish people the injustices cast upon them, and to inspire his countrymen to rise up from poverty and stand up to those who held them down.
During the 1720’s, the Irish people were suffering dearly, due to the oppression by Great Britain. There oppression came in the form of being displaced by wealthy ...view middle of the document...

He used ethos to make himself seem like a trustworthy person so his audience would be more open to take advice from him. In his proposal he states “I profess, in the sincerity of my heart, that I have not the least personal interest in endeavoring to promote this necessary work…” this phrase creates a sense of transparency for the reader which allow them to more clearly see what Swift wants them to see. He was not interested in any personal gain he simply wanted to assist his fellow man. In addition to this Swift also appeals to the audiences sense of logic. He wants to give the audience small amounts of information in order to allow them to reach a conclusion, the one he wants them to reach. An example of Swift appealing to his audience’s sense of logic is, “I have reckoned upon a medium that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, increaseth to 28 pounds.” This makes the reader actually consider the idea of eating children because he gives them fact, although a commonly known one at that fact none the less. He makes the reader feel more intelligent because as they read that phrase they think to themselves, “well I already knew that,” which helps to stroke their ego and makes them already like Swift more and want to continue reading. Finally, Swift uses some of his strongest appeals in the form of pathos, or emotional appeals. He attempts...

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