Scenario of Economy & Development: Indigenous Communities in India
The concept of development is consigned with several meaning and connotations. Smelser (1968) noted the ramification of the whole social and cultural fabric by technical and ecological change along with economic change and thus modernization could be happen. This has been also argued that economically prosperous authorities determine the process of transformation of a traditional society. Economy and modern change go through together and they conceive the medium through communication. English became their main mode of communication. Thus the concept of English as global language started to rise. But eventually, many possibilities have shaped the egress with positive impact.
Oyeleran (1988) interprets development from the angle of human affairs. According To him development implies; “The conscious promotion of the well-being and security of persons in such a way that is constantly able to optimize the realization of their individual potentials”. This view is similar to the one expressed by Adediji (1992) who sees development as a “constant and appreciable amelioration in economic, social, technological, political and cultural aspect of life of a people”. Our interest in adopting the above concepts is not only because they are in line with the objectives of this paper but because they are also in line with Lado. Lado (1964) stated that; “Language is intimately tied to man’s feelings and activity, it is bound up with nationality, religion, and the feelings of self. It is used for work, worship and play by everyone” The concept of development as conceived by this paper covers all areas such as human, economics, socio-political, scientific and technological progress.
India has the largest concentration of tribal people anywhere in the world except perhaps in Africa. The indigeous people belong to the nature as they are the children of nature. So their lifestyle is attached with the natural eco-system. . India, with a variety of ecosystems, presents a distinguished indigenous population throughout its area and demography.
There are around 533 indigenous communities in different states and Union Territories of India, which are in notified Schedule under Article 342 of the Constitution of India. Most of the indigenous communities could be found in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and other different States of the country..
The majority of these indigenous groups constitute the labour work force though their...