Isolation was no longer possible in the minds of the American political and military leaders at the end of World War II and security was needed after the war that required U.S. involvement and leadership. President Franklin D. Roosevelt did not want to make the same mistakes that accrued after World War I, causing the United States to leave the world stage and rejecting the option to join the League of Nations. The administration worked hard in 1943 and 1944 to find a way to create a support program to support security and economic growth with the help of congressional leaders. “The United States took the lead and built new international organizations that reflected and helped maintain its superpower status” (Stevenson, 2008). At Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, 1944 a conference was held to create the International Monetary Fund and a general agreement with Tariffs and Trade. In San Francisco, California, a conference was held in 1945 to establish the United Nations, an organization of the whole world to promote peace and deter aggression, but was subject to an American veto (Stevenson, The story behind the National Security Act of 1947, 2008, p. 1).
In 1945 and 1946 the military power had an unclear role after WWII. The Soviet Union was an ally in the war, but was unwilling to give aid in rebuilding a Democratic Europe. The nuclear power was held by the U.S. with the creation of the atomic bomb, but a dispute was accruing whether this was just a big explosion or a beginning for a new war time approach. Many theorists claimed that only an Air Force was needed to resolve future struggles, but many more military men predicted a full range of ground, sea, and air skills where required (Stevenson, The story behind the National Security Act of 1947, 2008, p. 1).
Organization of these forces was another challenge. Disagreements had Army leaders focused on merging command and control. With the belief that a unified budget bill could guard the Army program, having observed the political interest for ships and planes in isolated actions in earlier years (Stevenson, The story behind the National Security Act of 1947, 2008, p. 1).
Recognizing the need for foreign and military concerns of the U.S. Government the National Security Act of 1947 shaped the way a President would view foreign policy and the National Security Council (NSC). The Council would include the President, Vice President, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense and other members who qualified; including the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). They all meet in the White House to talk about the long-term problems and abrupt national security issues. Foreign policy was managed by a small NSC that was given supplies from other assistances for the President (U.S. Historian, p. 1)
Starting out as a compromise between advocates and...