This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Parallel Solution Essay

1353 words - 5 pages

Since 1960, the exportation of REM (Rare Earth Minerals) has become the oil of the 21st century: fully accompanied with problems of supply and trade. China, being the most abundant contributor of REM (93%-97%), has pushed its decision to the brim by restricting the supply of this most wanted good on industrious nations. In so, how would these countries react towards each other under this crisis? Actors may fail to coöperate eve when their interests are entirely identical. Therefore, by analyzing this crisis, Robert Keohane’s book After Hegemony would through the following outline of theoretical ideas would explain why importing governments of REM would go through difficulties to reach coöperation: The Prisoner’s Dilemma and Defection, Transaction Costs, and the compliance within International Regimes. Having stated the obstacles that states might encounter in the international arena to reach coöperation, Robert Konhane would then recommend a course of action based on the modification of existing international regimes. By doing so, these states, on the basis of shared interests, might be able to facilitate negotiations that would lead them to beneficial agreements in the absence of hegemony. According to Robert Keohane, the Prisoner’s Dilemma becomes the dominant strategy for an egoistic individual (state) to defect as it follows its self-interests and is guided by its rational behavior. If the USA decides that instead of making arrangements with other industrious countries (that are as well much dependent on these elements) and follow its own interest to secure its stability in terms of having REM, its opponents (1: Japan) then do whatever the USA did on the last move resulting in retaliation. According to Robert Keohane, retaliation being the outcome of collective action consists of states: privatizing some of what they provide (REM), trying individually to save themselves and competing for available resources (REM). Keohane refers to “privatizing some of what they provide” as follows: The American mining firm Molycorp could try to restart what was one of the world’s main sources of REM in California. This may persuade others to follow. Keohane refers to “individually to save themselves” and “competition for available resources” as follows: USA concentrating on countries that are willing to supply REM like Canada and in regions like in South America. The main goal would be to find and develop a chain supply in these regions for the advantage of the USA. If the consuming countries were unable to solve the dilemma of deterring, they could contribute to an even more severe price crisis on this “good” like in the oil crisis of 1973-1974. Without the establishing of an International Regime and the notion that states are not bounded to an international centralized government, According to Robert Keohane, it is less convenient to make arrangements outside a regime than inside one. This is so, because it increases the transaction costs to bring about...

Find Another Essay On A Parallel Solution

A Framework for Parallel Code Execution using Java

3795 words - 15 pages Abstract—Today, the combination of computing power and fast networks provides a workable solution to solve complex problems by using computational clusters. Java is considered one of the most popular languages for writing platform independent applications. There are many High Performance Computing (HPC) frameworks available for writing parallel applications in Java mostly using synchronous mode of communication. This paper presents a new easy-to

Dan's Machine Essay

1293 words - 6 pages , this is the solution to all of our problems......we will be livin' the life!" George said excitedly. "Don't be stupid, you honestly think this piece of junk is gonna take us to a parallel universe? Plus time travel is impossible!" Benjamin yelled. Benjamin knew that time travel was impossible because while doing his report last week, he read that "Hong Kong physicists say they have proved that a single photon obeys Einstein's theory that

Honeywell - MOD IV Case

980 words - 4 pages Untitled MOD IV Case Study Intro: Difficult challenges face the MOD IV Product Development Team at Honeywell-BCD. The development of the MOD IV motor is the company's response to a more competitive market is expected to reduce costs and win significant market share. At the same time, Honeywell was transitioning their team structure from a sequential to a parallel development process ensuring all departments were working on

Honeywell - MOD IV Case

980 words - 4 pages Untitled MOD IV Case Study Intro: Difficult challenges face the MOD IV Product Development Team at Honeywell-BCD. The development of the MOD IV motor is the company's response to a more competitive market is expected to reduce costs and win significant market share. At the same time, Honeywell was transitioning their team structure from a sequential to a parallel development process ensuring all departments were working on

What does boiling do to vegetables?

545 words - 2 pages :1.To make an even stronger argument to justify the aim, in parallel to carrying this experiment (boiling the cabbage) we could carry out and investigation to find out the amount of vitamin C fresh cabbage has. Place ca. ¼ head of cabbage in a blender and blend a few min.2. Weigh out 10 g blended cabbage and place in a mortar. Add 20 ml oxalic acid solution and a pinch of sand. Macerate thoroughly ca. 3 min. Add an additional 20 ml oxalic

Global finite element matrix construction based on a CPU-GPU implementation

1683 words - 7 pages efficiently solve EPDE such as the finite element method (FEM), finite difference and others. The FEM have several advantages over other methods. The main advantage is that it is particularly effective for problems with complicated geometry using unstructured meshes [2]. One way to get a suitable framework for solving EPDEs by using FEM is formulate them as variational problems also called weak solution. The variacional formulation of an EPDE is a

Gram Staining to Distinguish Between Different Types of Bacteria

568 words - 2 pages Gram staining technique.Apparatus( Stain: : Crystal Violet solution (0.5% aqueous)( Mordant : Iodine solution( Decolouriser : Ethanol 95%( Counterstain : Safranin solution (1% aqueous)( Culture of Bacillus Subtilis( Culture of Argobacterium tumefaciens( Water bottle( Wire loop( Bunsen Burner( Glass slides( Paper Tissues( MicroscopeMethod(1) Take a microscope slide and using a dropper place two or three drops of ethanol on the slide. Using a clean

Survey of MPI Implementations Delimited by Java

3125 words - 13 pages programming tools are becoming popular. However, today the leading HPC programming model is Message Passing Interface (MPI). In present day computing, while writing a parallel program for multi-core systems in distributed environment may deploy an approach where both shared and distributed memory models are used. Moreover an interoperable, asynchronous, and reliable working environment is required for programmers and researchers to build the HPC

Polarized Light

863 words - 3 pages separated as they pass through the material.Another way of getting polarized light is by using the Polaroid sheet polarizer invented by E.H Land. There are 3 types of sheet polarizers.1A microcrystalline polarizer in which small dichroic crystals are put parallel to each other in a plastic vessel.2Iodine in water solution. It is put on a transparent sheet of PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) which then line themselves up parallel to the PVA molecules, the

Deloitte Team Demonstrates Its SAP and Supply Chain Capabilities

616 words - 3 pages , Deloitte was selected from among other consultants and engaged to develop a Proof of Concept (PoC) first, the success of which led to the main implementation project. The ultimate solution involved utilization of the SAP SCM APO solution. In addition, certain important functionalities of master data and CIF have also been implemented on both SAP ECC and SAP APO. The production scheduling and production execution departments of the FTO3 factory in

Living My Life: A Perspective on Suicide in Connection with Susana Kaysen's Book, "Girl, Interrupted"

618 words - 2 pages tend to draw a parallel with Kaysen.To begin with, I do not believe I have always had a "haunting" preoccupation with my own death. I imagine it began after my best friend succeeded in killing herself after her fourth or fifth attempt at it. After that, suicide seemed to become a solution to problems instead of the tragedy it always has been. Eventually, I began to rationalize how she could feel so depressed and chose suicide as a way out. Every

Similar Essays

Tlbo A Lgorithms And Optimization Essay

977 words - 4 pages TLBO. The detailed diagram of TLBO is shown in fig. 1 [15]. However, Conceptual framework (or synoptic representation) of TLBO algorithm is shown in fig. 2. In the entire process, TLBO tries to shift mean towards best. Nowadays, multi-core CPUs are getting common and cheaper. One cannot ignore their importance anymore. With the recent advancement of multi-core system, researchers have been modifying EAs for parallel implementation on a multi-core

"Girl, Interrupted" Essay

914 words - 4 pages , the real world, but are not in it. It's easy to slip into a parallel universe. People ask her how she "got in there" and Kaysen would reply, "What they really want to know is if they are likely to end up in there as well. I can't answer the real question. All I can tell them is, "˜it's easy.'" The laws of physics are suspended within a parallel universe. It operates in accordance to the way in which it wants to react, or

My Plans For Postgraduate Studies And Career Interests

593 words - 2 pages My Plans for Postgraduate Studies and Career Interests With a four year degree in Computer Science and Engineering and after working in software industry for some time, Now I’m intended to pursue my long term goal in academics, which is to obtain a Master degree and possibly to aim for PhD relating to my preferred research area. With the enthusiasm to learn and explore the area of parallel and distributed computing, I want to achieve my

N Queens Recursive Algorithm With Multi Threading Essay

1839 words - 8 pages to find another solution for the 4-queen problem. This whole process is shown in below diagram. Fig. 12 Complete process tree for 4 queens placement The data I have gathered is in the form of execution time required to find all possible unique solutions for a given number of queens. I have used two time stamps to find the actual execution time required for this serial algorithm. I have placed one timestamp named as 'start' at the