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A Philosophical Essay Arguing Against The Theories Presented In "The Turing Test" Of Artificial Intelligence.

1039 words - 4 pages

Turing the Technological MindIn recent years, as complex computer technology has become more advanced, many believe that the gap between a human's ability to "think" and a computer's is beginning to close. The concepts presented in the prolific "Turing Test" are often cited by those who support this belief as reason to endorse the fact that computers will one day have a mind similar to a human's. In this widely used test designed by Alan Turing to determine whether or not computers can "Think", a human interrogator plays "The Imitation Game" by trying to distinguish a human's replies to questions from a computer's within a specified amount of time. Turing argued that if the interrogator is unable to distinguish the computer from the human, then the computer has achieved the ability to "think".A commonly raised question brought up when analyzing the methodology behind the "The Turing Test", is can a computer's "thinking" exist with both syntax and semantics? And are both these required to "think"? A high profile theory which sets out to prove that although a computer may be able to pass "The Turing Test" it's understanding of the issues being posed to it are non-existent, is John Searle's "Chinese Room Experiment". Searle quite effectively argues that a computer can pass the "The Turing Test" without truly thinking, because the computer is simply obeying a set of commands without an understanding of what they mean.One of Searle's key arguments refuting the "Turing Test" theory is his claim that "Brains cause minds", which is indeed true. Thinking can not exist without an organic brain which purpose is to ensure the body's proper functioning and survival. All animals which are born with brains have been given the gift of understanding in order to adapt to their surroundings. Items which do not have brains are merely tools, which can be used by those who have brains for survival. These items have no reason to think, because they were created solely as tools, and play an important role in the brain-environment relationship. As hard as programmers may try to make a computer think, it will never be able to, because it was not created to be a brain bearing object, it is a tool, and therefore has no reason to think. A computer is merely a collection of brainless objects put together to create reactions to electrical impulses. Without a human manipulating these impulses, a computer is useless, and has no urges. A computer is merely an extension of the human brain, a simple tool which exists to facilitate a human's urges.Searle supports his claim that "Brains cause minds" by creating a hypothetical situation involving a collection of Chinese characters, a human who does not understand Chinese, and a manual written in the human's language. Searle argues that the manual can instruct the human how to organize the characters in certain ways so they can be used to answer questions, without the human having any idea of what either the questions or the answers...

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