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A Psychoanalysis Of Hamlet, Sane Or Insane?

1421 words - 6 pages

William Shakespere's play Hamlet, can be read and interpreted in many ways, this is the case with most other texts, as they all have certain issues and values that the audience can identify with. The audience can make their own reading of Hamlet and have their own level of understanding, making the text a unique experience for everyone who views or reads it. The psychology of Hamlet is a reading of the play that has created many questions about whether hamlet is sane or insane. The audience can make their own conclusions on this matter by the way that they interpret his actions and characteristics. Psychology is the study of human behaviour and, psychoanalysis can prove people, or characters in the case of Hamlet, to be sane or insane, identify issues that the person is going through and perhaps find a feint history of a person by analysing their current circumstance.Hamlet is a melancholic, procrastinating, but witty man whose age cannot be positively defined, but certain parts of the play suggest that he is a younger male of sixteen to his mid twenties. He is the prince of Denmark and his father; Claudius, who is the king's brother and prince Hamlet's uncle, has murdered King Hamlet. Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, has married Claudius only a few months after her first husband has been killed. Nobody else but Claudius knows that King Hamlet has actually been killed, it is not suspected that there has been a crime committed, this is the perfect situation for Claudius, as he has both the crown and King Hamlet's wife, which he has been lusting over for some time. It is only when a ghost appears in Elisnor, the Danish kingdom, that any order seems to be misplaced, as ghosts were often referred to as the carriers of disorder. The ghost takes the shape of King Hamlet, and tells Prince hamlet to avenge his death and kill Claudius, as he has murdered him and he has unlawful ownership of the throne. This event is the start of Hamlet's psychological journey.There are many references in the play to unweeded gardens and things are often described as rank and rotting. This is related to the state of Denmark in some cases, as it is expressed by King Hamlet's ghost to Prince Hamlet in act I of the play, "Something is rotten in the state of Denmark". Ghosts representing the displacement of order in the Elizabethan Era, reinforces that Claudius' reign is of false pretences, and that something must be done to right this, to restore order in Denmark. The court is also referred to as an unweeded garden. This suggests that King Hamlet was the main person in the role of "gardening" Elisnor and the entirety of Denmark. Gardens are a metaphor for a state of something, state of mind, state of the court, state of Denmark, and every garden must have a gardener, or there is no means of maintaining the unwanted things that protrude through the soil. Hamlet's mind can be seen as a garden, and its gardener can be either seen as Hamlet or the events affecting him. If Hamlet is the...

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