A Brief Analysis Of The Counterculture Movement Of The 1960s

2879 words - 12 pages

A.Definitions of the CountercultureIn its most common and initial sense, the counterculture refers to the culture, especially of young people, with values or lifestyles in opposition to those of the established culture in the dictionary. Until its appearance in 1969 in Theodore Roszak's influential book, The Making of a Counter Culture, "counterculture", written as one word or two, has become the standard term to describe the cultural revolt of the young. Although distinct countercultural undercurrents exist in all societies, here the term counterculture refers to a more significant, visible phenomenon that reaches critical mass and persists for a period of time. According to Roszak's definition, the counterculture movement refers to all the protest movements that happened in America in the 1960s, including both the political movements such as the women's liberation movement, the African-American Civil Rights Movement, the antiwar movement against Vietnam, the environment movement, the gay rights movement, and the cultural "movements" as drug abuse, hippies, free sex, and rock and roll.Several explicit and dozens of implicit definitions of counterculture have been offered since the term was proposed more than three decades ago. One explicit definition that Westhue gave from the ideological and behavioral perspectives is "On the ideological level, a counterculture is a set of beliefs and values which radically reject the dominant culture of a society and prescribe a sectarian alternative. On the behavioral level, a counterculture is a group of people who, because they accept such beliefs and values, behave in such radically nonconformist ways that they tend to drop out of the society. "Another definition that Timothy Miller gave in his The Hippies and American Values defined the counterculture as "a romantic social movement of the late 1960s and very early 1970s, mainly composed of teenagers and persons in their early twenties, who through their flamboyant lifestyle expressed their alienation from mainstream American life." From this definition we can draw a conclusion that the main force of the counterculture movement is young people from middle class families.B.Social Background in the 1960sThe 1960s was a transitional period of great social change. Economically, like the 1920s and 1990s, the decade of the 1960s was a period of remarkable prosperity in the U.S. as measured by such statistics as GNP and the unemployment rate. But culturally, it was a period when long-held values and norms of behavior seemed to break down, particularly among the young. The far-reaching changes that developed in the late 1960s affected many aspects of society. Many college-age men and women became the major force of the civil rights movements. Other young people simply separated themselves from mainstream culture through their appearance and lifestyle and joined the group of hippies. Attitudes toward sexuality appeared to loosen, and women began to openly protest...

Find Another Essay On A Brief Analysis Of the Counterculture Movement of the 1960s

The 1960s: a decade of change

2269 words - 10 pages “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” This quote, spoken by Neil Armstrong, easily explains what the ‘60s were about in general. It explains that it was a time of great change that left a huge mark in history and brought all new things to the table. This is why people need to know in detail what defined the decade. The 1960s would be impossible to describe without its political/social issues, technological and scientific

A Brief Analysis of The Steel Industry

1511 words - 6 pages Steel Industry In the early part of this century was a time when industry was booming with growth around the installation of major railroads. With this growth came the transatlantic cable, the telegraph, and a whole lot of steel. Steel would be needed in the construction of these new transportation systems and communications were now possible between businesses and industries. (Wren, 2005) This paper will first discuss the development of

Jazz Movement in the 1960s

2303 words - 9 pages The Avant-Garde Movement in Jazz in the 1960's The avant-garde movement in jazz in the 1960's was a period in music that was marked by several specific traits. The United States in the 60's was going through rapid changes socially, and having some major political changes also. In this paper, I would like to follow the development of the avant-garde movement, from the very causes of the movement to avant-garde from the "Modality" and "3rd Stream

The role of young people in the civil rights movement of the early and late 1960s

811 words - 3 pages Have you ever looked at a person and judged them for the color of their skin? If you have you should probably know the background of what they went through 50 years ago to try to gain equality. During the 1950s-1960s there was a civil rights movement that was a movement that ultimately changed the United States of America forever. When the people involved were fighting in a racial war for the equal rights for African Americans that ultimately

The Decade of the 1960s

1212 words - 5 pages The decade of the sixties was a national roller coaster ride of great hope and terrible despair." (Kronenwetter ,11). This was the time in America when American society began to influence events that still shape our modern society today. It was a time of President Johnson's inaugural address when he declared an "unconditional war on poverty". During the sixties African Americans finally freed themselves from segregation, just as they were freed

Famous People of the 1960s

644 words - 3 pages and in some level, even applies for the war in Vietnam, right into Nixon's presidency and his resignation after the Watergate Scandal."We'll walk hand in hand someday", also brings up another significant person of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King, jr., the most important Civil Rights leader of that time who cried out for racial equality in spite of other people's views and virtues. It can even be said that this song came be the

Protest Movements of the 1960s

1606 words - 7 pages “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere,” wrote Martin Luther King in his from letter from a Birmingham jail (King 269). The 1960’s would become a time of protests movements and injustice and inequality would be the common theme. For two groups in particular, African-Americans and Women, inequality had gone on for a very long time. The Civil Rights Movement, followed by the Women’s Liberation Movement would use similar tactics

Brief Analysis of "The Shawl"

686 words - 3 pages "The Shawl" by Cynthia Ozick goes beyond just a shawl or an infant playing with it. The shawl is a fiber that holds them all together, happy to a certain extent, and a security blanket. It creates a fabricated sense of security, a friend. This relates to me in a small way by the sense of security one obtained by the blanket.This shawl did wonders to a certain point for the three that were impoverished and imprisoned in the camp. Jealousy did

The Ancient Civilization of Pueblo: A Brief Analysis

1525 words - 7 pages main and sacred food source to Pueblo life. Other popular agriculture included beans, squash, seeds, and yucca fruit. Big game of deer and bison were popular when available. The more common meat meal was the domesticated turkey. Architecture 10pt Marg The Pueblo people built an intricate infrastructure of houses and plaza’s to create a well-planned community. They first built their houses on large alcoves in the side of a canyon with

A Brief Analysis Of Social Security In The United States

820 words - 4 pages In the United States, before 1935, very few workers in the United States worked in jobs covered by pensions. Of those with coverage, many never received any benefits because their benefits were not guaranteed.The original Social Security Act was passed in 1935. It had two components: a Social Security retirement benefit that applied only to workers and a welfare program for the needy elderly called Old Age Assistance. The welfare program was

During the 1960s: Women's Right Movement

1064 words - 4 pages During the 1960s there were a lot of events and changes going on. The main event and important raving issue I am typing about is the women’s rights movement throughout the whole 1900s. The most important information about this topic was mostly in the mid 1960s. The three main topic I am going to talk about is what the whole women’s rights movement was raving about throughout the 1960s. Most traditional societies and until recent times, women

Similar Essays

A Critical Analysis Of The Counterculture Movement Through Film

2123 words - 9 pages In this essay I will be looking at the topic of the countercultural movement of the 1960’s through counterculture film. The 1960’s were an extremely interesting time in history not only in the United States but all over the western world, as we saw the rise of the counterculture generation. The counter was a group of movements focused on achieving personal and cultural liberation and was embraced in many different ways by the decade’s young

The Authentic Movement Of The 1960s

1526 words - 7 pages Peace, love, and rock ‘n roll. To some people those three words are the first thing to pop into their minds when they think of the 1960s. In reality, these words represent something much more significant. In the 1960s people started expressing their beliefs freely changing society in the United States forever, through media, protests, the hippie movement, and even music. The majority of the country’s drama in the 1960s was a result of the

Did The Counterculture Of The 1960s Have An Enormous Impact On The United States?

1771 words - 8 pages . When police met protesters with force it became a very violent and infamous riot. Police severely injured many protestors by dragging them down the marble stairs. In 1969, the committee renamed itself the Internal Security Committee, in order to reinvent itself. The 1960s counterculture mainly began on college campuses. The Free Speech Movement of 1964 occurred at the University of California in Berkeley. Groups of students made it clear that

The Ineffectiveness Of The Protest Movement Of The 1960s

1340 words - 5 pages The 1960s Protest Movement was a group of spoiled, naïve, utopian radical students that accomplished nothing. The majority of the protesters were wealthy college students who were not going to be drafted. Their propaganda made the Vietnam veterans into the enemy. Many of their statements were foolish and damaged people's opinion of the movement. They did not help end the war and they did not change many peoples opinion of the war.The draft