A Raisin in the Sun
Creativity of Hansberry played a crucial role in the development of African-American drama since the Second World War. A Raisin in the Sun was the first play by African-American author which was set on Broadway and was honored by the circle of New York theater critics. Drama of A Raisin in the Sun (1959) brought Hansberry to the Award Society of New York Critics as the best play of the year. A Raisin in the Sun shows the life of an ordinary African-American family which dreams of happiness and their desire to achieve their dream.
A Raisin in the Sun is a play telling the story of an African-American tragedy. The play is about the Younger family near the end of the 1950s. The Younger family lives in the ghetto and is at a crossroads after the father’s death. Mother Lena Younger and her grown up children Walter Lee and Beneatha share a cramped apartment in a poor district of Chicago, in which she and Walter Lee's wife Ruth and son Travis barely fit together inside.
Lena's husband, the family's father died and his life insurance brings the family $ 10,000. Everyone, especially the children, are waiting for the payment of life insurance in the cash. Now the question is whether the money should be invested in a medical school for the daughter, in a deal for the son or other dreams. But after the death of her husband Lena Younger gets the insurance money and buys a new house, where the whole family is going to move. It would seem that a dream came true. But soon we learn that the area, where the family purchased the house, is full of white people who do not want to see African-Americans in the neighborhood. The Youngers are trying to survive the threats or bribes, but they manage to maintain a sense of dignity. Similar to a wrinkled raisin, lying in the sun, we can see the shape of a dream for happiness almost diminish, but these people cannot sacrifice their integrity and honor, even for the sake of profits.
The driving spring of action is the desire of the Youngers to leave the ghetto, which causes fierce resistance to their future white neighbors. The events of the play took parts not in historically racist South, but in the North, where people are usually more tolerant. The play is attractive not only by acute but also deep character development. Images of Walter Lee, torn between traditional values of the African-American community - principles of love, unity, and human dignity - and values of American society, obsessed with the idea of material success, is extremely interesting, as well as the image of his mother, symbolizing the best traits of African-American people.
There are conflicts in the play especially between the siblings. Who has more rights to fulfill their personal dreams, which deserves their dream to come true sooner? Mama Lena is facing these difficult decisions. Making the right decision is hard for her because she wants to make it right for everyone and wants no one to be hurt by a wrong decision....