Response To Terrorism: Military Vengeance Or Positive Actions?

873 words - 3 pages

Response to Terrorism:  Military Vengeance or Positive Actions?

 

The issues raised by September 11 are less about constitutional war powers than about war wisdom. Under national and international law the President has legal authority to react in self-defense against this invasion of our territory. Even the most vigorous critics of executive power concede that under the Constitution the President is empowered, in Madison's words, to "repel sudden attacks." One might quibble over whether "repelling" an attack, which in the eighteenth century would have been a land or naval invasion by a foreign state, extends in this era to a military response outside the United States to an attack by unknown forces, but the principle supporting the legitimacy of an immediate response of a military nature seems implicit in the original understanding of executive power. Moreover, Congress has expressly acknowledged that executive power and, in addition, has specifically authorized the use of "all necessary and appropriate force" against the persons and organizations that conducted the attack and those states that aided or harbored the terrorists. Likewise, under international law the United States has the right of self-defense under Article 51 of the UN Charter, and NATO members have invoked Article 5 of the NATO Treaty, declaring the attack as an "attack against them all," so that each of them is obligated "to take such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area."

 

The legal authority of the President to wage his "War on Terrorism" is therefore clear. The wisdom of doing so is more complex. No doubt some military response will be launched, and in my view such a response is desirable, in order to underscore the gravity of the matter and to assuage the public cry for justice. Nevertheless, the trick is to fashion an attack or series of attacks on demonstrably relevant targets, without killing thousands of innocents and fueling even more hatred of America in the Islamic world. It is a challenge to this Government to use military force in ways that actually punish demonstrably responsible parties without in turn inciting more terrorist fervor and actually increasing the danger to the physical security of the country.

 

The most important, and most difficult, challenge for the country--Congress as well as the President--is to create an anti-terrorism coalition in Europe, Asia, and Africa, as well as the Middle East that will suppress terrorist conspiracies at their roots. This cannot be done by the United States and NATO from outside, but must be done internally through effective law-enforcement and education by governments, many of...

Find Another Essay On Response to Terrorism: Military Vengeance or Positive Actions?

US Response to Terrorism After 9/11 - US History - Essay

846 words - 4 pages United States and other countries. Bombing Afghanistan and blaming Iraq for the 9/11 attacks, weren't the best decisions made, and led to a great deal of criticism. The decisions made by the United States, had both a negative and positive impact on the United States and other countries. The United States was criticized for some of the actions that they made in response to the 9/11 attacks. Several actions made by the United States were not appropriate, and could have been handled better. The United States response to terrorism was not appropriate.

Constructivism: Al Qaeda’s Terrorism and the Response to It

1609 words - 7 pages 2005 only 3% of the articles in the international relations journals discuss “even loosely with al-Qaeda, Islamism, or terrorism” (Lynch, 2005). On one hand, observations of Al Qaeda leadership and membership suggest that many of its leaders and members such as Ayman Az Zawahiri and have come from Egypt, Iraq and Yemen (Gerges, 2011, p. 16). According to Dunn, Kawano and Brewer (2000, pp. 77-95), these states are ‘periphery’ states. Through their

The Approach to Climate Change: Hamiltonian Response or Jeffersonian Response

1430 words - 6 pages people not taking the matter seriously or only affect a specific group of people. So why is neither response alone the right response and where should the government's control end and the people's begin in order to create the most effective response to climate change? It is obvious that the community has been the source of some of the most creative and successful practices that have been proven to weather the problems of climate change. Henry

A Christian Response to Abortion or Euthanasia

1045 words - 4 pages A Christian Response to Abortion or Euthanasia Abortion is the death of the foetus (life) from the mother's womb whether deliberate (operation/termination) or accidental (miscarriage). Christians are divided in their views on abortion. The Roman Catholic Church does not allow abortion. They do not agree on the precise moment in human development when a human person begins to exist. However, Roman Catholics are very

To Fight or Not to Fight ( Terrorism in the USA )

779 words - 3 pages An aggressive retort by the United States will have a better outcome than no action at all as a result of the terrorist's acts in New York. If you live in America right now you can't turn around without being assaulted by the media blitz on the recent attacks in Iraq or Afghanistan, not to mention a couple of years ago we were attacked on our own soil.Until this incident we had considered ourselves immune to any foreign massive attack on our own

nursing actions to support successful lactation in mothers of premature or sick infants

2355 words - 10 pages Evidence Matrix of 10 Pieces of Primary Research on Nursing actions to support successful lactation in mothers of premature or sick infants Author(s) Source Date (year) Research Type (experimental, quasi-experimental, case series, ethnographic, etc.) Population/ sample size Outcome measures Pertinent data from results Suggested Conclusions Comments Acuna-Muga et al. Journal of Human Lactation, PubMed 2014 Quantitative, Prospective Cohort study

Q. What are the tactical or strategic reasons for resorting to terrorism?

750 words - 3 pages the media. The ambiguity of the term has arisen from the media's need to formulate words that cover acts of violence targeted against society, and label them as something similar ( Hoffman, 1998, 13 ). Hoffman ( 1998 ) defines terrorism as " violence - or equally important, the threat of violence - used and directed in pursuit of, or in service of, a political aim. " ( Hoffman, 1998, 15 ) Reference to the term terrorism throughout this essay can

Individual Development Plan. Understanding your strengths and weaknesses and the decisions or actions you need to make to better yourselves

1585 words - 6 pages acquire an answer but the answers can be different when controls are moved around or changed. Business management was my next choice because the concepts were practical and useful.After taking all the self-assessment tests on personality styles, I've determined that the term 'personality style' generally means the ways in which one is most comfortable when reacting to different situations. I also discovered that while controversy surrounds the

Defining the proper role for a citizen or individual in society and how our actions relate to that proper role

4262 words - 17 pages Defining the proper role for a citizen orindividual in society and how our actions relate to that proper role.Kirkpatrick Series.Fall 2002Professor Devine.Jason Lish"America has never been united by blood or birth or soil. We are bound by ideals that move us beyond our backgrounds, lift us above our interests and teach us what it means to be citizens. Every child must be taught these principles. Every citizen must uphold them. And every

Church Response to Evil, Suffering and/or Death - Year 9 - Essay

669 words - 3 pages Question: Explain how the Catholic Church would respond to the issue of evil, suffering and/or death presented in the article you have chosen. Throughout modern society many cases of evil, suffering and death are displayed through the actions of humans in which the Catholic Church educates and responds to these issues. The telegraph’s UK new’s article discusses the recent shooting of an innocent man named Philando Castile and the rising of

Frankenstein: Creator of Evil or Evil Creator? - a Response to Mary Shelley's view of science

980 words - 4 pages Frankenstein, through his education from his father, did not believe in the supernatural. He was never fearful of anything dead or dark. Frankenstein said, "A churchyard was to me merely the receptacle of bodies deprived of life" (161). The passage goes on to describes how Frankenstein became obsessed with death and that he spent days and nights in these vaults filled with bones. In these vaults, he ultimately discovers the secret to life. Already

Similar Essays

Local Police Response To Terrorism Essay

3217 words - 13 pages participation of the local community in law enforcement. This community-orienting policing strategies result in the promotion of cooperation between members of the same community in the efforts to fight terrorism. In addition, the local citizens develop positive relationships among themselves which, ultimately lead to improved social cohesion and understanding (Kayyem & Pangi, 2003).Legal Impacts of Police ResponseThe response of police to terrorism at

Germany's View On The Response To Terrorism

767 words - 3 pages terrorist actions, following these definitions is more important. As the nature of the Security Council and the CGAR, each terrorist action will be dealt with on a case by case basis. The CGAR is extremely dynamic and is not a complete set of responses; therefore, a committee dedicated to regulation terrorist actions globally must keep these facts in mind. With these new actions, this response will clearly answer the threat of terrorism with consideration to historical, current, and future events.

What Is The Right Response To Terrorism?

2141 words - 9 pages Terrorism response, like any issue concerning domestic politics and international affairs, can be faced analyzing either causes or effects. Terrorists are usually motivated by political beliefs. Even if terrorists can take advantage of other particular situations such as economic difficulties and religious beliefs, the main purposes are always political. That being said, the right response to terrorism is prevention. Solving the problem at the

What Is The Right Response To Terrorism?

1997 words - 8 pages Terrorism is an actual and relevant threat to national security that requires an incisive strategy to fight it. Along this paper, I demonstrate that torture is not the right solution to respond to terrorism, whereas surveillance might be a better and acceptable proposal. Several scholars and politicians have either widely sustained or contested both issues. In my opinion, torture does not ensure success in fighting terrorism while it inflicts