A Replication Of The Matching Hypothesis Theory

2226 words - 9 pages

Replication of the MatchingHypothesis TheoryProject BriefPB1The aim of our study was to test the matching hypothesis. My alternative hypothesis was "there will be a significant positive correlation between the rated physical attractiveness in brides and grooms in newly married couples".PB2This is a one tailed directional hypothesis. This is because we are expecting a positive correlation on the basis of previous research.PB3It is a non-experimental correlational study.PB4There are both advantages and disadvantages of a correlational study. The main advantage is they show the relationship between naturally occurring variables. The disadvantage is that they have no cause and effect, as they are correlational.PB5 / 6We tested all of the participants in our study separately as we thought that they would conform if they were tested as a group. To reduce the amount of demand characteristics we tried to make all of our photographs colour and of similar quality. This was aimed to try and stop participants trying to match the pictures together by the looking at their quality For example, if there were two pictures that were black and white, then the participants may rate them equally as the think this is what they should do.PB7We have chosen a 5% level of significance for our data.PB8The main ethical concern with our study is that there isn't an informed consent, as we had to use deception. This was overcome by giving a full debriefing afterwards. Another ethical issue was confidentiality. To maintain this we didn't record any of our participant's names. We had to make sure that all of our participants were fully aware of their right to withdraw. We informed them before we started the study in our standardised proceduresAbstractIn this report I will be discussing the matching hypothesis theory. We thought that if married couples were rated on their attractiveness their results would be similar or identical, e.g. if the man was rated 5 then we would expect the woman to be rated as 5 also. Our null hypothesis is "couples will not have similar or identical results, if they do then it will be due to chance".We took photographs of 5 married couples and cut out each partner. We then asked 10 participants (5 male, 5 female) to order their attractiveness during a Monday lunchtime. The results were correlational and so a Spearman's Rho test was used to analyse them. We found a significant correlation that supports our hypothesis. We concluded that married couples usually are of similar attractiveness.IntroductionThe matching hypothesis theory is the notion that we are attracted to people that are about as physically as attractive as ourselves. They have been a number of studies into this topic that both discredit it and provide supporting evidence for it.An important finding by Murstein and Christy (1976) was that married couples were more likely to be of similar attractiveness compared to those who are dating. This is and important finding when considering the...

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