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A Study Of Obesity In African Americans

2616 words - 10 pages

Obesity remains an extremely serious issue worldwide. Once considered a problem for wealthier counties, overweight and obesity are now dramatically increasing in low and middle income countries (WHO, 2011). In American, the rates of obesity continue to soar. CDC (2009) recognizes obesity as a risk factor for diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and other health problems. According to NHANES over two-thirds of the US are overweight or obese, and over one-third are obese (CDC, 2009). Treatment for this illness varies; it may include the incorporation of diet, exercise, behavior modification, medication, and surgery. Since there is no single cause of all overweight and obesity, there is no single way to prevent or treat overweight and obesity that will help everyone (CDC, 2009).
African-American women have the highest rates of obesity in the county (Gaston et al., 2011). Not only are there disparities prevalent between African-American and Caucasian women, research found a disparity between African-American men and women (Ogden, 2009). African-American women have the highest prevalence of the major risk factors-physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and stress-which contributes to poor health outcome (Gaston, 2011). Understanding the causes of this disparity will assist in the development of targeting the African-American population for appropriate weight-loss intervention (Ogden, 2009). This study focuses on obesity in African-American women and the impact of faith-based interventions on weight loss.
Methodology
This is a faith-based weight loss study, based on a random control, pre-test and post-test design, with faith-based interventions aimed at addressing obesity in African-American women. This design measured pre/post differences in an eight-week faith-based study. The researcher then compared the data as well as the results between the two groups to evaluate the success of the intervention.
Subjects
Recruited were a total of 28 African-American women to participate in this faith-based weight loss study by word of mouth, fliers in the church, and pastoral encouragement. Inclusion criteria included ages 18 to 80, self-identified as African-American, female, at least 25% above ideal body, and in reasonable health. However, the researcher randomized only 16 women; 8 into the faith intervention group and 8 into the control group.
The exclusion criteria included BMI below 25%, those currently pregnant or nursing, a loss of ten pounds or more within the last month, and those with identified medical issues and unable to obtain medical approval. In addition, a delay of one allowed the subjects to obtain required medical clearance. Failing to acquire medical approval, eight women could not participate in this study. Four others had difficulties committing to the time. This dictated the sample size.
Provided to each subject was a consent form to review and sign before their participation in this study. The researcher excluded...

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