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A Research Assesment On The Gmd And The Chinese Civil War

1744 words - 7 pages

A Civil War is a conflict between two political or military factions within a nation, to gain political control of that nation. The Chinese Civil War as a conflict between two political parties within China where many lives were taken and resources wasted when really there is a lot more to the war then that. There were a number of events and circumstances that lead up to the civil war and these areas throughout the assignment will be covered. The Chinese Civil War also known as the Nationalist-Communist Civil War was a conflict based in China between the Guomindang's (Chinese Nationalist Party aka GMD) and the Communist Party of China (CCP). The conflict began in 1927 shortly after the Northern Expedition where both parties worked together to get rid of the warlords, feudalism and imperialism. The feud between both parties ended in 1949 with an unofficial end put to hostilities. The civil war had great significance to Chinese history as it set the path for which government would control over China.Guomindang-Communist Co-operation (First United Front) and the Northern Expedition.After the 1911 revolution many of the revolutionaries lead by Sun Yat-Sen continued a democratic revolution, unfortunately the revolution did not succeed. The CCP saw Sun's actions and helped him through direct aid by sending some of their best members to help.Sun, leader of the Guomindang turned is efforts to western nations for help, he was ignored. Sun after being rejected asked for aid from the Soviets in 1921. The Soviets suggested Sun to join forces with the CCP, The CCP were under orders to co-operate with the GMD, it's members were encouraged to join but to also uphold their party ideologies. This was the first step in forming the First United Front between the GMD and CCP.Once allied the Soviets enforced that the GMD be restructured, The "new" GMD had a formal decision making process, higher discipline and a set of agreed policies, many of which it lacked before the help of the Soviets. Efforts were made to make the party more appealing to the people with the advertising of the three principles Nationalism, Democracy and Peoples Lively Hood. A strong military force was also created under the guidance of the Soviets as a means of overthrowing the warlords in the north. Using financial support from the Soviets a military academy at Whampoa run by experienced military leader Jiang Jieshi was built. Jiang had been to the USSR to study the Red Army. This was the process leading up to overthrowing the warlords. The GMD by this time had broken all connection with the warlord dominated Beijing government and focused on the Northern Expedition. Sun's death in 1925 meant that a new leader had to take over. Jiang took over as leader of the GMD.Jiang Jieshi's rise to power and the Northern ExpeditionFrom 1926 - 1928 Jiang lead the Northern Expedition against the warlords, designed to unify China. He succeeded by having many of the warlords neutralizing and allying with the...

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