An Investigation Of Language In Hong Kong

1382 words - 6 pages

4. Results
  In this section, the results of different variables in the recorded language diary and the inferred relationship between the variables are presented to show the subject’s use of languages in different communicative situations in Hong Kong.
  
4.1 Overview of language use
  Over the seven-day period, 83 interaction entries were recorded with 114 principal interlocutors involved (see Table 1). The largest number of interaction entries were made on 18 November (Monday), and the smallest number of entries appeared on 16 November (Saturday). Although living in a Cantonese-predominant area, the majority of interaction entries (55, 65.5%) were made in Mandarin in pure form or in mixed forms as the base language. Though it is not statistically predominant, English of its pure and mixed form as the base language (10, 12%) still ranks the second, followed by the pure Cantonese (7, 8.4%) and own dialect mixed with a few Mandarin (1, 1.2%). Another category - general mixture, in which different languages were equally mixed, was also recorded. There are three types of code mixing in the record, Mandarin and English (4, 4.8%), Mandarin and Cantonese (4, 4.8%) and Mandarin and her own dialect (2, 2.4%).

4.2 Exchange types
  As Table 2 shows, the most frequently reported language exchanges occurred between the subject and her classmates (38, 45.8%) and her roommates (18, 21.7%). The communication with staff members, including shop assistants, cashiers and librarians, took up 19.3% (16), and there were 6% of interaction entries (5) that were produced with professor (and classmates). The interaction between the subject and her family members was very limited (3, 3.6%), since her family is not living with her in Hong Kong, and she contacted her family only through phone or internet. Moreover, she had a few (3, 3.6%) verbal exchanges with strangers. In terms of the topics (subjects) of the interaction, the most frequent ones relate to her graduate study (29, 34.9%), food (16, 19.3%) and entertainment (12, 14.5%). Another area indicated in the table is the locations of interaction. More than a half of the interactions (42, 50.6%) took place in campus, for example, classroom, library and canteen, followed by the domain of “home” (19, 22.9%). The last area reported from the diary is the situations where the verbal exchanges occur. Call making (13, 15.7%), way to somewhere (13, 15.7%) and having meals (10, 12%) are the most regular situations that embraced conversation.

4.3 Characteristics of speakers
  Table 3 shows that there were 114 speakers engaged in the interaction during the period. An overwhelming large proportion (106, 93%) of female interlocutors were reported in the entire language diary, while only 7% (8) were male speakers. Most speakers’ ages range from 21-30 (99, 86.8%). Moreover, the subjects also had interactions with speakers of other ages. However, she did not have any interactions with people under 10 years old. Unsurprisingly,...

Find Another Essay On An Investigation of Language in Hong Kong

Hong Kong In 2051 Essay

1303 words - 5 pages unethical to do such thing. Therefore I do not feel at all happy about this piece of news. Anyway, I just feel that the news these days are getting more and more interesting and watching the news has become very exciting.Party time finally came, our whole family gather together in a restaurant in an undersea shopping mall. This restaurant has the reputation of having the best close up of the Hong Kong harbour, as it has regular clean up and picking up

Obesity in Hong Kong Essay

706 words - 3 pages in this report. 2. Main reasons for obesity in Hong Kong: 2.1. Nutrition: Nowadays, there is quite a lot of working women. They have to sacrifice their time on cooking in order to work. Hence, they prefer to choose fast foods as their meals because these foods are generally cheap, tasty and widely available. But these foods are usually energy-dense and nutrition-poor. [1] For example, an average meal in a fast food restaurant provides 1,000

History of Hong Kong

782 words - 3 pages . This is a more active stance on the part of the government towards nurturing tourism growth is essential.Once I finished this book, I found out that economy has so big impact on tourism and I finally discovered that how are they interacted to each other. So if we want our society to flourish, we should set out the policies the Governemtn can take to further promote tourism in Hong Kong. Hong Kong needs to adopt an integrative mindset in its

Light Pollution in Hong Kong: An Environmental Nuisance

799 words - 3 pages Have you ever seen a starry night in Hong Kong? According to a study by the faculty of science at the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong has become the most light-polluted city in the world, with its local urban night sky as much as 1,000 times brighter than the international dark sky standard. Light pollution in Hong Kong not only affects the visibility of stars, but also leads to energy wastage and post negative effects on ecosystem and

In Hong Kong, Medical burden of an aging population affect the extent of the economic burden of the younger generation?

1200 words - 5 pages report in Hong Kong has mentioned the need to cope with an aging population and long-term public spending surged problem. The recurrent expenditure on medical and health services for 2013-14 will reach $49 billion, an increase of $2.7 billion over 2012-13.The bulk of the additional funding is for new recurrent allocation to the Hospital Authority (HA) to enhance and expand appropriate public medical services. Part B: Analyze the global issue

Civil culture in Hong Kong

1573 words - 6 pages IntroductionAs British colonial rule in Hong Kong has come an end, the "new" local government finds itself in a political environment that is unprecedentedly turbulent. The upholding of "one country two system" has resumed the sovereignty over the territory and the involvements of China in Hong Kong domestic affairs have inevitably increase so as the dampening effect in democratization. However the "new" government led by Mr. Tung has not yet

business law in hong kong

826 words - 3 pages . There are numbers of immigration policies currently adopted by the immigration department of Hong Kong, Quality Migrant Admission Scheme (QMAS) and Capital Investment Entrant Scheme (CIES) are the most famous among all.To start with, Quality Migrant Admission Scheme refers to acquire of diverse talented or high technique person to stay and live in Hong Kong as a local citizen, in order to raise the international competitiveness of her. People

popular nomination in hong kong

1310 words - 5 pages are chosen by the citizens. This violates the article 21 of UDHR while popular nomination is conformed to both standards. Therefore, the popular nomination is a better way to achieve the universal suffrage rather than the Chinese Universal Suffrage.POPULAR NOMINATION IN HONG KONG 4Last but not least, popular nomination is a big step of the democracy development and a way that can increase the representativeness of the Chief Executive. There is an

Air pollution in hong kong

628 words - 3 pages fumes from smoking. To conclude, for the bright prospect of our society, on no account that our government and the citizens should not turn a blind eye to the problem, instead, we should go to great lengths to deal with the problem. For example, the government should pose some laws and stringent regulations. The citizens should rethink their attitude not to pollute the air. And I believe that if the government and citizens can take the above mentioned measures, it would be better for Hong Kong and we can build up an ideal environment in the future.

minimum wage in hong kong

611 words - 2 pages , and which is possible to lessen the financial burden on Hong Kong society and government.According to persons in low income households survey (2001 - 2011) announced by The Hong Kong council of Social Service, the number of citizens who are living under poverty line reduced from 1,205,500 in 2010 to 1,150,700 in 2011 and the poverty line increased from HK$3,250 in 2010 to HK$3,500 in 2011. The implementation of a minimum wage is perceived as an

Structural Unemployment in Hong Kong

1809 words - 7 pages communication. As a fact, in the past 10 years the rate of using broadband penetration and cell phone are increasing in an intense number, even at the present Hong Kong is one of regions those are named in the forefront of the global. The Hong Kong government keeps advocating the idea of knowledge-based economic and executes the policies. For example, training, providing infrastructure, strengthens cooperation with the mainland China, etc. It is aimed to

Similar Essays

An Investigation Of A Language Profile Of A Mother Tongue Mandarin Speaking Graduate Student From English Major In Hong Kong

2344 words - 10 pages presenting their language use.      As previously demonstrated, mainland Chinese students have taken up the major proportion of non-local tertiary students in Hong Kong, and it will probably be an evitable tendency in the following years (Yeung, 2012). Nonetheless, little study has been undertaken to shed light on language profile around sociolinguistic question of “who speaks what language to whom, when, where and why” (Fishman, 1972) on mother-tongue

Practice For Teaching English As A Second Language To Students In Hong Kong: Analyzing My Own Classroom Interaction

2143 words - 9 pages Introduction Classroom interaction has been widely recognized as one of the most crucial factors in a second language classroom that allows second language learning to take place. As pointed out by Tsui (1995: 11), ."..the language used affects the nature of interaction, which in turn affects the opportunities for learning that are made available." This statement is exceptionally true in Hong Kong context because English are seldom used by

Homosexuality In Hong Kong Essay

1807 words - 7 pages social context of Hong Kong and the attitudes gays and lesbians are likely to hold about their sexual orientation are very different from those of previous generations. However, this is not proper to indicate that the homosexual minority, which consists of 6 to 10 percent of population in Hong Kong society (Ammon, 2002), has had an equal position as other residents. (Some of the homosexuals encountered barriers and discriminations towards

Prostitution In Hong Kong Essay

2547 words - 10 pages & Westmarland, 2006). Prostitution is prohibited in most of the countries over the world which means the prostitution is illegal generally (Sullivan, 2007). Situation in Hong Kong In Hong Kong, prostitution is seen as an ethical problem (Chiu, 2009). What the government adopted is abolition: not illegal itself but illegal for relevant behaviors (Sullivan, 2007). In this part, policies related to prostitution will be stated out and analyzed with