The relationship between the UK and the EU has become a hot issue in the United Kingdom. There are many doubts whether the former should leave the European Union or not. Some people are not satisfied with the Union the way it currently operates and think that it is taking their freedom away. In my essay I would try to analyse the aforementioned relationship from the core and try to answer the question formed in the topic.
It is true that our geography has shaped our psychology, said David Cameron delivering a speech on the European Union in 2013. That sole, irrefutable fact highlights the kind of relation that the United Kingdom has with the European Union for many years now. We have the character of an island nation, Cameron continues. ‘Lying off the north-west coast of Europe, there are two large islands and several smaller ones.” (O’Driscoll 8) The fact that the United Kingdom is an island indeed shaped not only psychology of its citizens but also its history. “Period of isolation has long gone, but perhaps it still retains some of its impact upon the British people, who do not want ties with the Continent." claims Vernon Bognador.
‘The ideal of a united Europe, strong in economic and political institutions, became increasingly attractive to European statesmen after the Second World War (1939–45)’ (Oakland 101) The chance to unite the Europe appeared with the arousal of European Economic Community (EEC), when six countries (West Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Italy) signed the Treaty of Rome. That agreement shaped the future for the future generation that we currently live in. Britain regarded itself as a commercial power and did not wish to be restricted by European relationships. At that time, the United Kingdom also highly valued its links with the USA that had been called a special relationship. Nevertheless, Britain at first did not join EEC. I think we can compare it with the concept of status quo. British did not want to change anything, leaving in an illusion of their long lost Commonwealth empire. They were too proud to perceive Europeans as equals and did not see benefits that they would get from joining such a treaty. Not long after that the situation had changed. When the EEC gained reasonable power, Britain decided to join. Not surprisingly, it was rejected. Attempts by Britain to join the EEC were vetoed by the French President Charles de Gaulle that was not sure about the British honesty as far as their will to join the Europe went. A few years later, after de Gaulle resigned from the post of French president, Britain finally joined the EEC along with Denmark and Irish Republic in 1972.
Only two years after the accession a new Labour government decided to give the British people a referendum on continued membership. It is surprising, isn’t it? It was the first referendum in the British history and it was only carried after the accession, not before, as would seem appropriate. ‘The result was...