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A Rhetorical Analysis Of Article In Medical Journal

1278 words - 5 pages

Family Psychoeducation for Schizophrenia has previously been supported in treatment recommendations and guidelines for best practise in hospitals. In their review of 15 new studies in the area, Lisa Dixon M.D (University of Maryland), Curtis Adams M.D (University of Maryland) and Alicia Luckstead M.D (University of Maryland) reinforce support for family psychoeducation for schizophrenia.
The review “Update on Family Psychoeducation for Schizophrenia” aims to persuade the readership of the effectiveness of family psychoeducation and its remaining relevance. This is achieved in manner of ways. Credibility of the study is established a number of rhetorical techniques. These include using the author’s professional affiliations, citations from expert authorities, use of statistics, acknowledgment of limitations and comparison. Language and structure of the article are also discussed as rhetorical techniques used to enhance the authors arguments.

“Update on Family Psychoeducation for Schizophrenia” was published in the March 2000 issue of the Schizophrenia Bulletin by Oxford Journals. Schizophrenia Bulletin is written for medical academics specialising in the field of Schizophrenia and assumes a background understanding of the field. However it is aimed at “the widest possible audience” (Oxford Journals, para 2, 2012) and thus seeks readership of those involved in the field, in a less medical nature also.

The article begins by establishing the credibility of the authors. Their professional competency is established through the acknowledgement of their professional affiliations. These professional affiliations and subsequent status increases their credibility in terms of their authority and knowledge on the subject. Lisa Dixon, Curtis Adams and Alicia Luxstead are all qualified medical doctors with university set employment, specifically that of the school of medicine. Dixon is a Professor in the school of medicine at Maryland University. Adams is an Assistant Professor at the same university and Luxstead is a Senior Research Assistant, also at Maryland University

Quotations, citations and definitions from experts and authorities further increase credibility and authority of the article. Use of citation demonstrates independent contribution to the argument and the input of the medical profession. For example quotations of Lehman et al., (1998) study highlighting the effectiveness of family psychoeducation is cited and occasionally directly quoted on page 5 of the article. This allows authors to evoke a cognitive and rationale based response to their argument, as their opinion is to the only one presented. Addition of other supportive findings proves the relevancy and role family psychoeducation in best practise hospital guidelines.

The authors further increase credibility by acknowledging limitations and gaps in their support of family psychoeducation. Acknowledging limitations builds the trust of the reader. It indicates that...

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