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A Sanction Of Diverse Culture In A Growing Unicultural Capitalistic Society

1700 words - 7 pages

In this paper I will trace the roots of the nation-state and just how globalization affects it. Using examples such as the notable European Union and United Nations, I will then explain the differences between past nation-states and current sovereign states. By discussing the global economy, as well as the role the nation-state has in creating corporations for the global economy, I will prove that globalization fails to eradicate the nation-state solely because the ideals are too capitalistic. I will then examine how the nation-state still plays a vital role in a world rapidly moving towards one market with one nation and one set of rules.
With the idea of a sovereign state rapidly becoming an ideal of the past, globalization has already left its mark on the world. The main goal of globalization is to unite the globe under a single culture and government, which undermines the ideology of the nation-state, which has “citizens [which are] members of a nation living within the borders of a defined territory.” (Fulcher p. 1)Furthermore, globalization develops international relations, removing or transcending the borders of a nation-state, by economic marketing, increased labour, and transfer of information. Having the globalization movement as well as the development of nation-states both begin around the fifteenth century, it is apparent where the rivalry comes from, as well as just who is the victor in the struggle. This creates higher financial competition between a globalized country and a nation-state, as having a global open economy leads the sovereign state into a sense of “capitalist accumulation and competition” (Bresser-Pereira p. 559). Though the nation-state does not stand on equal ground with the globalization process anymore, it still has its uses in modern society.
As a nation-state contains a nation of people ruled under one institution, they are able to independently create their own market and trade with the world. This has its advantages, such as an economy fully sustained by the state, without outside intermission, but also carries a few disadvantages. One of them being that the citizens tax money does not “support the same multinational globalized entities that were in business to make them more prosperous”. (Hadar, 2011). However, in this sense, a nation-state would be regarded as ‘less-globalized’ mainly because they do not harbor the idea of a maximized profit economy. Their main goal is to create a sense of national identity with the people, and so they aim to control the media rather than the economy. Yet, this is essentially counterproductive as by having a strong financial backing, they are seen to be more powerful and have more security in the modern sense of political security, therefore creating a stronger sovereign state. In addition, there would be a global competition “between corporations supported by their corresponding nation-states” (Bresser-Pereira p.560) as a stable corporation in the world needs a good...

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