This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Scenario Planning Approach To Human Resources For Health: The Case Of Community Pharmacists In Portugal

3986 words - 16 pages

Human resources are the present focus of attention in health systems strengthening and public health policies.[1-3] Strategic planning is essential to assess efficiency of human resources and health services, being an effective tool to address innovative solutions within health systems.[4-6] Although the organizational environment is recognised as an important factor in health services functioning and development, external environment continuous modifications challenge decision makers and practitioners. For health professionals, this environment could be described by a constant technological evolution, a growing search for patient-focused care and empowerment of citizens, ...view middle of the document...

Undertaking a strategic thinking approach allows for the analysis of different possibilities, without excluding those that seem unlikely. Recent approaches to the issue of pharmacists’ future have focused on workforce supply and demand,[14-16] while others have proposed scenarios to depict what the profession could be in the future, from the perspective of interviewed experts.[17, 18] This last case inspired our work since a flexible approach is used and a creative attitude is promoted towards a future vision reflection on the pharmacist profession.

Community pharmacists’ new role
The movement towards a more patient-centred orientation has become a new paradigm of pharmacy practice, leading to the development of patient information services, pharmaceutical care services, and the development of a clinical role for community pharmacists.[19, 20] The work of Hepler and Strand[21] in the early nineties was a milestone in this change, pointing out to the delivery of longitudinal advanced medication-related services, the rise of professionals’ level of responsibility and the development of cooperative relationships with other health care professionals, as essential features to this new role. However, this movement toward patient-centred care in community pharmacy has been taking longer than one would expect back in the 1990s, much influenced by inner organizational barriers as well as several external factors (Table 1).

Community pharmacists’ workforce in Portugal
Portuguese community pharmacists have followed the global trend for a new role and an extended practice. They represent almost two thirds of the total pharmacists mandatorily registered in the Pharmaceutical Society.[22] By the end of 2012 there were 7716 registered community pharmacists.[23] These are mostly young professionals (67% less than 45 years old), 80% of which are women. The total number of community pharmacists has increased 74% between 2000 and 2009, with an annual average of 340 newcomers.[24, 25] This sharp rise was a direct consequence of the increase in the number of pharmacy courses offered both in private and public universities. For instance, in 2010 there were more than 1100 new students enrolled, a 6.5% increase when compared with 2008 admissions.[26] In the same period, the number of pharmacy technicians working in community pharmacy dropped 25%.[24, 25] The ratio of pharmacists per pharmacy has increased during the last decade, with an average above 2 since 2005, leading to 68 pharmacists per 100.000 inhabitants.[25, 27] This can be considered a homogenous geographical distribution, but with a higher concentration in the urbanised regions of Lisbon’s and Porto’s metropolitan areas.[24, 25, 28, 29]
The number of pharmacies has increased 9.5% since the turn of the century, with an average of 24 new pharmacies per year.[28] From 2007 onwards, changes in legislation allowed for non-pharmacist ownership, a decrease in the population base, from 4000 to 3500...

Find Another Essay On A scenario planning approach to human resources for health: the case of community pharmacists in Portugal


2548 words - 10 pages prone to a range of ensnares both in content and context. Various companies and businesses have understood the importance of scenario planning and adopted its principles in their business strategies in the near past. Schwartz (1991) argues that scenario planning for business was originally the idea of the Royal Dutch Shell in 1970s. The process of scenario planning for businesses is radically different from other long-term planning methods

The Role of Pharmacists Essay

1074 words - 4 pages been proven to be successful. In the action of a Physician-assisted suicide pharmacist are expected to dispense a dose of medication to end their patients live. Physician-assisted suicides are not unusual in medical practice. Physician-assisted suicide presents unfair conflicts for pharmacists who refuse the practice. The challenges pharmacists face in dispensing medications for physician assisted suicides are unending and unfair. A tentative

A comparison of the perceptions of Love, Anger, and Guilt in Portugal and the United States and implications for counseling

4631 words - 19 pages than in any other country in Western Europe (Solsten, 1994). The specific ways the Catholic Church has influenced the expression of guilt in Portugal is probably complicated. However, Araújo (1999) is one author who thinks that the Catholic Church has had a large impact on Portugal. This influence is reflected in the Portuguese value of bondade, which means to sacrifice the self for the sake of others (Araújo, 1999). Catholicism

Managing human resources in a cross cultural context: A case study of South Africa

4461 words - 18 pages private sector, but also those in the public and parastatal sectors and those recently privatised enterprises which are in the process of refocusing as a result of downsizing and other major organizational change. It is likely that when western companies try to implement 'western' human resource practices in cultures, which have a different concept of people, and a different regard for people in organizations, then incompatibilities will be

Scenario Planning A Review

2720 words - 11 pages scenario planning and places it in context with other approaches. Key themes from the literature are identified particularly in respect of context, processes and benefits.Evolution and ContextApproaches to strategy are many and varied and a number of tools have been developed to assist in strategic management. Van der Heijden (1996) suggests that many approaches are based on copying ideas that work for others and whilst this seems valid it misses the

The Making of a Human Resources Department

1732 words - 7 pages Serving as a Human Resources Manager for a rapidly growing organization in Southern California often proves to be both challenging and rewarding. The organization I happily work for, New American Funding (NAF) is one of the nation’s leading mortgage bankers. Coming into this organization, I had spent time working in Human Resources Management roles, but in all fairness, nothing could have prepared me for the role with NAF. When I was

A case analysis of the Irish Hotel Industry with specific reference to the City Hotel (a fictional Hotel and it's problems with Human Resources

3806 words - 15 pages hotel proposed to investigate running a training scheme in conjunction with other hotels in the area. This indicates that they have a good relationship with their competitors.Customer FocusedThe hotel has identified the need to become more customer focused and flexible in their approach to the needs of their clients.LocationHaving a central location within the city is a major advantage. It provides easy access for customers and suppliers. There

A Guide to Human Resources

1788 words - 7 pages becomes randomly inefficient and ineffective.Human Resources Planning is the development of a comprehensive staffing strategy that meets the organisations future human resources needed. When applied to management selection it ought to ensure recruitment of the right people for the right jobs at the right time. Rather than fill posts when they fall vacant or a pressing need arises, effective human resource planning needs to answer these questions.Are

The Health of a Community: The Project

1445 words - 6 pages decrease these health disparities and improve quality health for people in rural communities and promote healthier lifestyles. The Community and Influences Good health should be easy enough to accomplish eat right, exercise and have access to health care; healthy living should be easy for all human beings but it is not. The sociopolitical, economic, ethnic characteristics as well as the value system of the community influence the health of a

A Safer Approach to Retirement Planning

998 words - 4 pages control back into the hands of the individual; this control is soothing to a person who is planning for something as important as retirement. Financial courses and reliable sourced books can help to educate on how to save and invest; staying mindful of the changes in the economy and adjusting to invest accordingly will open the doorway to successful stress free retirement. Works Cited Dewitt (2010). The Development of Social Security in America, Social Security Bulletin, 70(3), 1-26. Olsen, Whitman (2007). Effective Retirement Savings Programs, Social Security Bulletin, 67(3), 53-72.

Case study - Human Resources Management in the Asia Pacific

3008 words - 12 pages connection within the community, which makes everything done smoothly. But losing face means one get trouble or feels embarrassed in certain circumstance. (Luk et al. 1996) In China, Guanxi is crucial for employees to gain a sense of being together and a sense of communicating with on anther. Researchers also indicate that the job satisfaction and job involvement may well be related to the quality of one's Guanxi network (Hong, & Engestrom 2004

Similar Essays

The Role Of Human Resources In Strategic Planning

1360 words - 5 pages . Instead, an organization must recognize the value and importance of its people in implementing the strategies which lead to business success (CSU-Global, 2013). This places an organization’s human resources (HR) in a prominent role when developing strategic plans for the future. The Strategic Planning Process Setting goals and developing plans to attain those goals are critical components of organizational success. According to Reed and

Human Resources Planning Essay

1956 words - 8 pages determining manpower requirements and the means for meeting those requirements in order to carry out the integrated plan of the organization.” Stainer defines manpower planning as “Strategy for acquisition, utilization, improvement and preservation of an enterprise’s human resources.” Vetter opines that it is the process by which management determines how the organization should move from its manpower position to its desired

Henry Ford Health Systems: Human Resources Models

1600 words - 7 pages -quality patient care and their salary and wages constitute 65-80% of the total operating budget in a typical health care organization, it is imperative for health care organizations to manage effectively their human resources” (Savage et al). Health care organizations that implement an employee-focused strategy accumulate much higher social and financial capital by adopting “high-involvement management practices” (Savage et al). Therefore, one of the

Factors To Be Considered In Selecting Textbooks And Community Resources For The Teaching Of Computer Science

1133 words - 5 pages the text, it should also be considered.When using community resources, it is important that the teacher makes sure that the concepts that are taught, do not conflict with what is taught in the classroom, are relevant to the Computer Science curriculum, and are not too complicated for the students to understand. When selecting a resource person, he or she should not be selected on the factors of qualification or position held by the individual, but