This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Brief History Of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, And Culture (

1596 words - 6 pages

In the “Protagoras,” Socrates and Protagoras debate why participation in government is open to all citizens, but technical matters, such as health, works of art, and the construction of buildings require qualified individuals. The argument presupposes that integrity and acumen are the necessary virtues that citizens must lean and apply for a properly functioning democracy.
Democracy is designed to concentrate the power of government in the hands of the people and protect against autocracy and oligarchy. It presupposes societies need a modicum of rule, as they cannot function if there is anarchy. In this way, democracy is a virtue, or a mean between two vices. However, democracy has a sliding scale, the metric of which is the citizens who rule it. Citizens ultimately dictate the laws to be agreed upon, codified and enacted. These laws not only govern behavior and maintain order, but also provide citizens with a mechanism to seek relief through the courts should they be aggrieved.
At the inception of Athenian democracy in the 5th Century, there were no professional prosecutors, or lawyers. Complainants seeking justice brought and argued their case against defendants, who would answer the charges themselves. After the case had been argued, the jury immediately voted and made its decision without the modern equivalent of a deliberation. Thus, the ability to argue, and use rhetoric was an important tool for litigants. Similarly, it was important for jurors to understand rhetorical arguments to effectively decide cases they heard. The application of reason, and the ability to apply logical thought extends beyond the courts and also to the formulation of public policy.
To effectively govern and implement policy, citizens participating in the process
needed to have some type of integrity and acumen, and yet there were no formal schools in Ancient Greece. Those lucky enough to receive some type of intellectual training obtained it first from their parents, and then from other citizens acting in the capacity of mentors. Of these mentors, the Sophists would charge a fee for their services. While the knowledge they possessed was in high demand from eager pupil, Socrates stated one should take caution with whom they purchased knowledge from, as it was more dangerous than buying tangible goods.
He argued that tangible goods could be taken and inspected, and even offered to another individual for a second opinion. However, knowledge, once received, was immediately absorbed and whether positive or negative, its effects would be immediate. (312c) While this argument holds true, Socrates applied it to the teaching of technical knowledge and not to the transference of integrity and acumen from Sophist to pupil.
He pointing out that Pericles failed to impart his great wisdom to his sons, Paralus, and Xanthappus. If the great Pericles was unable to teach his sons, than it held true that no man could teach another.

Protagoras refuted...

Find Another Essay On A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture (

A Brief History of Ancient Greek Architecture

1738 words - 7 pages in which walls were made of sun-dried bricks and roofs, friezes and columns were made of wood (info please.) The different styles of columns that were used in Ancient Greece include Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. These different types differentiate from simple to complex, ranging from the kind of building or the wealth of the home owner. Doric is the simplest of the three column types, has little to no elaborate design on it. There is a

A Brief History of the Chicano Culture

1172 words - 5 pages new opportunities emerged for Mexican Americans. Throughout California history, the Chicanos embodied the desire to enhance Chicano culture, through identification, politics, and attempts to improve their socio-economic status. Starting in the 1800s, Mexican Americans were in the lead of development in California, when they gained independence from Spain and moved into the state. At this time, the Mexican way became more prominent throughout the

Ancient Greece: A History in Eleven Cities

1178 words - 5 pages Ancient Greece: A History in Eleven Cities is a concise and surprisingly refined assessment of the Ancient Greek world, from the early dark ages to late Antiquity, told uniquely through the history of eleven city-states or “polis”. Paul Cartledge’s Ancient Greece: A History in Eleven Cities, details the cultural traditions, trade, and politics that laid the foundation of the sprawling Aegean civilization. By examples of the successful polis

Culture and History of Ancient Rome

1404 words - 6 pages Systems of writing Roman boys were allowed to go to school and learn how to music, history, geography, astronomy, mathematics, reading, writing, Latin and Greek. How ever girls weren’t allowed to learn all of these subjects. They were only allowed to learn Greek, Latin and domestic skills such as spinning cloth and weaving. Latin was one of the first languages ever invented meaning that the ancient Romans weren’t the first group of people to

A Comparison of Ancient Cultures: Greece and Rome

1212 words - 5 pages regards to the way they were treated by their male counterparts. Marriage in Roman culture was "companionate," based on the equality in marriage today (King, p.164), but as in Greek society, wives were often confined to their homes and expected to complete domestic tasks. Women, especially those of the upper classes, were permitted to attend public events as their husband's companion. Rome, under the Pax Romana, unlike Greece, was not seen as a male

Ancient Greece - A Time Of Great Cities And Lives

533 words - 2 pages Ancient Greece was an interesting time and place with huge markets inwhich people could sell items of every kind. Strict laws with even stricterpenalties if broken, a place where women were did not have as many rights as they do today,and along with the most outstanding army in their time. A quote that goes along with thistime is; 'I have killed one I have killed two -- the vampire who said he was youo.' -Sylvia Platts.Likewise in the Ancient

A Brief History of the ANcient Roman Empire

1471 words - 6 pages , later times it became only worn on special occasions. As time passed, the more comfortable tunic became common in all society. Romans were some of the most skillful when it came to their civilization. They built a great city and where very skillful when it came to running the ancient city of Rome. Rome today wouldn’t be known for its amazing background and beauty without the talent of the romans who made the magnificent city. Works Cited

The Geography and climate of ancient greece

671 words - 3 pages because the water regulates it. The area also got a lot of rain and not much other precipitation though. During the summer it was regularly sun and warmer temperatures and in the winter there was frequently an on and off rainfall.The on land transportation systems in Ancient Greece were very primitive compared to the present day systems. Only the cities really had roads and they were not very easy to drive on. They were very well organized though

Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome

636 words - 3 pages When comparing Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, anyone can see that there are many differences including geography, art and architecture, and religion. There was also a big difference in the division of social classes of both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. In Greece, their society was divided into slaves, freedmen, citizens and women. On the other hand, Rome had slaves, freedmen, plebeians and patricians. While women were not considered to be

Literature of Ancient Greece

929 words - 4 pages legends. Hesiod’s Theogony explains the beginning of the world, the Titans, and the Giants. Herodotus tried to explain the connection between Greek and foreign culture. Arnobius and a numerous amount of other Byzantine added more lost details to Greek myths. Greek mythology contributed to later Roman religion, to our understanding of the ancient Greek culture and beliefs. Greek literature of mythology, yet another great gift of ancient Greece

Ancient Greece and Homosexuality

583 words - 2 pages ANCIENT GREECEThe Ancient Greeks were totally open with homosexuality. Ancient Greeks believed that the relationship between a man and a boy was the most pure form of love that existed. In addition, the word, "lesbian" comes from the island of Eastern Greece, Lesbos. This is also the birthplace of Sappho (lived during 600 BC). She was priestess of a feminine love cult and celebrated the love of women for women in poems and other writings.Greeks

Similar Essays

Abuse Of Power Reflected In The Politics And Drama Of Ancient Greece

2047 words - 8 pages Individual Abuse of Power Reflected in the Politics and Drama of Ancient Greece The Greeks believed that too much power entrusted in one person was dangerous. They were the first democratic society in a tumultuous world of kings and emperors, and they were proud of their ideology. Considering their fervent belief in rule by many, its not surprising that many Greek dramas revolve around an individual hero or a king's fall from power because

Title: Homer And The Iliad Task: Write A Report On The Significance Of Homer And The Iliad To Ancient Greece And To Western Culture

604 words - 2 pages Homer, who has been known as a historic poet throughout many centuries, was very significant to ancient Greece and to Western culture. He orally passed down two monumental epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. This is very interesting because it explains why Homer was considered to be the spokesman of oral Greek literature. Although, Homer did not create the plot or the characters of these epics, he is presumed have composed the two, from the

Euripides’ Use Of Medea In Medea To Provide Transparency Into The Social Flaws Of Ancient Greek Society And Culture

1406 words - 6 pages allegorical play Medea in 431 B.C.E., a popular work studied by many in its current translation today. In the play, Euripides employs the protagonist, Medea, to provide transparency into the social flaws of Ancient Greek society and culture. He executes this by placing Medea into situations of discord with the king, her ex-husband, and the chorus to exploit the social flaws of abuse of power, male dominance, and blatant naivety in Ancient Greece

Kurt Vonnegut's "Harrison Bergeron" A Story Symbolic Of The Oppression Inherent In Society, And The Depths To Which It Pervades Our Lives Through The Media, Politics, And Popular Culture

1494 words - 6 pages The first time I read Kurt Vonnegut Jr.'s "Harrison Bergeron", I was a freshman at community college. After a quick skim, I took it to be yet another short story about a perverse kind of utopian society sacrificing some basic human right or another in order to keep the peace. I was then compelled to read it again after watching Bruce Pittman's movie adaptation of the story on television. After reading the story a second time, and a third, and