This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Study Of Cross Cultural Pragmatic Failure

2122 words - 8 pages

Cross-cultural communication means communication between people from different cultures. We use the term cross-cultural communication instead of intercultural communication because it is too restrictive. This term implies a comparison between cultures (for example, different styles of leadership). More precisely, cross-cultural communication is communication between people whose cultural perceptions and symbol systems are distinct enough to alter the communication event. The labels race, ethnic groups, and co-cultural communication are three forms of cross-cultural communication. The learners of foreign languages have to study cross-cultural communication becausea) We are living in a changing world. Changes in technology, travel, economic and politics, immigration patterns are so great that we have to increasingly communicate with people from different cultures. The cross-cultural communication will continue to grow in both frequency and intensity.b) Diverse cultural backgrounds influence communication in many ways: one's cultural backgrounds and experiences help shape how one sends and receives messages.c) Linguistic studies in the field of pragmatics have reminded us awareness of the degree to which cross-cultural communication is affected by culturally related factors.d) Nonverbal communication such as gesture, posture, and facial expression is of great importance. Nonverbal elements are proved to be the most culturally influenced part of behavior.2.0 Pragmatic Failure in Cross-Cultural Communication2.0.1 Pragmatic FailurePragmatic failure was first proposed by Thomas (1983:9) to refer to the inability to understand what is meant by what is said. In cross-cultural communication people form different cultural backgrounds speak the same language, but their communication may break down due to pragmatic differences in ways of thinking, rules of speaking, social values, educational backgrounds, lexical connotations and other factors. The term cultural mistakes used by Hu Wenzhong (1985) to refer to language and behavior that is inappropriate or unacceptable to most native speakers, and he considers that cultural mistakes are often worse than linguistic ones and likely to create ill feeling between native speakers and Chinese speakers of English. As Thomas points out, "... speaker who is not operating according to the standard grammatical code is at worst condemned as 'speaking badly', the person who operates according to different formulated pragmatic principles may well be censured as behaving badly; as being an untruthful, deceitful, or insincere person" (1983:107).The language learners should know not only the formal rules, but also the rules of use, that is, the pragmatic principles and sociopragmatic conventions. Only in this way can they make efficient communication and have a correct understanding of each other. In the past a few decades there has been a research in the study of pragmatic failure. A study of the nature and causes of...

Find Another Essay On A Study of Cross-Cultural Pragmatic Failure

Gender and Attraction: A Cross- Cultural Review of the Literature

1975 words - 8 pages conversely, African participant rating Caucasian faces. Some researchers have found physical characteristics as a function of an individual’s level of attractiveness. Swami, Rozmus-Wrzesinska, Voracek, Haubner, Danel, Pawłowski, Furnham, (2008) examined cross-cultural differences in the perceived attractiveness of skin tone, hair color, and body weight in perceptions of women's physical attractiveness and health using line drawings of the female

Lack of Cross-Cultural Management Essay

650 words - 3 pages expatriates to air new ideas, grievances, input and feedback. Cross-cultural sensitivity will ensure that managers trust and offer adequate support to employees from different cultural backgrounds. Works Cited House, R., Hanges, P., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. and Gutpa, V. (2004). Culture, leadership, and organisations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies. CA: Sage, Thousand Oaks. Karen, P., Moriah, M. & Stephanie, R. (n. d). Components of a global

Cross Cultural Intermediation Of Fluxus

1753 words - 8 pages Cross Cultural Intermediation of FluxusFluxus was a fascinating interdisciplinary and international arts movement that began in the 1960s. George Maciunas, a graphic artist, gallery director and small time entrepreneur, coined the name "Fluxus". He used the actual dictionary definition of "flux" to define the group. Flux is defined in the dictionary as the act of a flowing; a continuous moving on or passing by, as of a flowing stream; a

Preparing for a Cross Cultural Profession

886 words - 4 pages In a world where cross-cultural interactions are a part of every day life, it is not unusual for an individual to work a cross-cultural profession. Before a person works in a cross-cultural profession, there are a few things that he can do to prepare. One of the greatest things that a person can do to prepare is to develop his cultural intelligence. It is also important for him to become familiar with the major beliefs, customs, world views, and

Primate Virtues: A Cross-species Study of Morality

4605 words - 18 pages Primate Virtues: A Cross-species Study of Morality In his 1881 book, Daybreak, Friedrich Nietzsche wrote, We do not regard the animals as moral beings. But do you suppose the animals regard us as moral beings? –An animal which could speak said, ‘Humanity is a prejudice of which we animals at least are free’.[1] This passage expresses Nietzsche’s belief that animals do not judge human actions as morally good or bad. Only humans

Managing in a Cross-cultural Environment

4092 words - 16 pages Managing in a Cross-cultural EnvironmentUniversity of PhoenixIn the business world today, many companies are moving more toward a global stage have to deal with cultural differences and other daily changing factors. As multinational corporations become "more transnational, their strategies must address the cultural similarities and differences in their varied markets" (Hodgetts, 2005, p. 128). In this paper, each contributor will identify two

Managing in a Cross-Cultural Environment: MMPBL560

2950 words - 12 pages Demographic Factors Research Assignment PAGE \* Arabic 1 Running head: DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS RESEARCHDemographic Factors Research AssignmentCarolyn Ayers, Sheila Omumu, Roxana Osuna,Alice Sandridge and Shanell SnyderManaging in a Cross-Cultural Environment: MMPBL560University of PhoenixCharles ChenMay 10, 2010Week TwoDemographic Factors Research AssignmentDemographic diversity represents any characteristic that can serve as a basis for social

Managing in a Cross-Cultural Environment

2955 words - 12 pages PAGE 2 Managing in a Cross-Cultural Environment Running Head: MANAGING IN A CROSS-CULTURAL ENVIRONMENTManaging in a Cross-Cultural EnvironmentUniversity of PhoenixDemographic Factors ResearchIn the business world today, companies are made up by diverse individuals from many groups defined by race, creed and culture, gender, religious affiliation, and sexual orientation. The makeup of some companies is more diverse than others; however, whatever

Assimilation: The Drawbacks of Cross-Cultural Misunderstandings

1575 words - 6 pages ‘catch’ many different cues, cultural rules, behaviour, [sic] and values from the various cultures they have experienced. Finding a sense of identity becomes a difficult and confusing task” (Walters 2). In the beginning, the Lees along with the other Hmong refugees were having a difficult time understanding the purpose of medication and doctors. This could be enhanced by the study of finding an identity while living at a new country with

A cross-cultural comparison of political attack ads in Brazil and the United States

3206 words - 13 pages A cross-cultural comparison of political attack ads in Brazil and the United States.A Brief History of Political Advertising in BrazilDuring Getulio Vargas administration, in the 1940s, Brazil saw the dawn of political marketing. His title "father of the poor" seemed to be more in the minds of the masses than their own lives. Much of his popularity came from a radio broadcast he hosted, where he addressed to "the common people". However, It was

A Cross-Cultural Group Activity Using Google Hangouts: Perceived Ease of Use and Usefulness

672 words - 3 pages learning experiences. Cultural differences may also affect students’ perception of a particular program. The present study focuses on Google Hangouts and investigates its ease of use and usefulness in a cross-cultural context. The research questions include: 1. What are the students’ perceived ease of use and usefulness about Google Hangouts? 2. Is there a difference in the perceived ease of use and usefulness between the U.S. and Japanese students?

Similar Essays

Expatriate Failure And Cross Cultural Communication

1298 words - 5 pages . Expatriate failure can be very costly and can turn a possibly successful business venture into a disaster. The first reason for expatriate failure stems from adaptation problems with the physical and social environments. (Rodrigues pg. 264) This holds especially true when these environments are especially at odds with those of the expatriate's home country. We have an advantage in sending our expat, Israelis cultural dimension similarities outweigh

Managing Human Resources In A Cross Cultural Context: A Case Study Of South Africa

4461 words - 18 pages the political background and the socio-legal environment of the country. Though the implementation of 'western' human resources practises and policies in South Africa is possible, there should be a lot more emphasis on the managing of the socio-cultural and political issues. This is built on the divergence - convergence paradigm. Modern cross-cultural management is however built on the concept of crossvergence of cultures. This leads to a hybrid

Determinants Of Polygyny: A Cross Cultural Analysis

2106 words - 8 pages Polygyny is a topic that existed in a great amoung of societies that are being investigated by anthropologist. In the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS), 83.8% of societies are socially polygynous; 28% are coded as more than 40% of marriages being polygynous. However, the proportion of polygynous marriage could be small, especially in hunter-gatherer or foraging societies where people gather resources or wealth through collecting and

Determinants Of Polygyny: A Cross Cultural Analysis

741 words - 3 pages , factors influencing polygyny include social stratification and temperature. While for the former one, more social classes can lead to less preference of polygyny, for the later one, warmer climates can trigger people’s preference of polygyny. Works Cited Barber, N. (2008). Explaining Cross-National Differences in Polygyny Intensity. Cross Cultural Research, 42(2), 103-117. Brown, J. (1975). The evolution of behavior. New York: Norton. Hames, R