A Study of the Attitudes of VHSE (Vocational Higher Secondary Education) Students of towards Entrepreneurship in Trivandrum District.
The aim of this study is to get a good knowledge and insight to the topic ‘Attitudes of VHSE (Vocational Higher Secondary Education) students of Kerala State towards entrepreneurship in Trivndrum Distict ’. This study has a special relevance in Kerala State where entrepreneurial activities are relatively less which leads to the minimum utilization of potentially valuable resources of the State. The deficiency of entrepreneurial activities in Kerala State has created a significant negative shock in the economy where the entrepreneurial activity has been distinguished as a valuable means to help build up and sustain State’s economic development.
1. Vocational Higher Secondary Education
Vocational education is a system of education introduced in Kerala State, with the objective to prepare students for identified occupations, spanning several areas of activities. The Vocational Higher Secondary Education is visioned as a part of the National Policy on Education with the idea of securing a job along with education. This education system, which ensures a job along with higher education stands different from other systems of education. VHSE imparts the skills required by the youth to enter the world of work. This stream of education at the Plus 2 level is aiming to achieve employment opportunities either self / wage / direct designed to prepare a skilled work force in middle level in one or more group of occupations trade or job after matriculation at plus two stage of Education.
1.1. Vocational Higher Secondary Education – an overview
Vocational Higher Secondary Education (VHSE) is a distinguishable stream of education with the to act as a double use in training. On the single hand, it develops students for identifying occupations / jobs, while on the other, affords opportunities for higher training. The scheme of vocationalisation of Higher Secondary Education was introduced in the state during 1983-84.
In Kerala Vocational Higher Secondary Education was introduced in 1983-84 in 19 schools and was later expanded to 73 schools offering courses for 27 vocational subjects in 1985-86. In 1997 – 98 there were 310 Vocational Higher Secondary Schools with a total of 814 sections in 45 subjects. There are at present 375 VHSS imparting vocational training in 43 subjects through 1000 department.
Vocational Education in Kerala (1988-89 to 2001-13)
(1) (2) (3)
Till 1988-89 100 200
1989-90 50 150
1990-91 25 50
1991-92 35 100
1992-93 15 30
1993-94 10 34
1994-95 50 200
1995-96 25 50
1996-97 -- --
1997-98 -- --
1998-99 -- --
1999-00 -- --
2000-01 65 186
2001-13 -- --
TOTAL 375 1000
1.2. Government and Aided Schools
Of the 375 schools, 274 schools are in the government sector and 128 are in the aided private sector. Private aided sector has...