This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

An Investigation To See How Hydrochloric Acid Reacts With Magnesium To Produce Hydrogen Gas

2033 words - 8 pages

The aim of the investigation is to see how different concentrations of Hydrochloric acid affect the rate at which hydrogen gas is produced when it is reacted with a strip of magnesium.The rate of a reaction is a measure of change that happens in a single unit of time. When a chemical reaction takes place the particles of the reactants collide. The more often the particles collide the more likely they are to react and so the faster the reaction. The speed at which a reaction takes place can vary and depends on a number of factors:- The surface area of any solid reactants.- The concentration of reactants (including pressure in the case of gases)- The temperature- The presence of a catalystIn this particular investigation an acid and a metal will be reacted to produce some gas, and therefore one of the main factors will be the concentration of the reactants. In order for magnesium and acid particles to react together:- They must collide with each other- The collisions must have enough energyIf there are a lot of successful collisions in a given minute then, a lot of hydrogen is produced in that minute. The rate of a reaction depends on the number of successful collisions there are in a given minute.To get any reaction to start there is a certain energy requirement known as the activation energy. The presence of a catalyst lowers this requirement and this means that the reaction can take place more readily.DIAGRAMGas tube Delivery tubeBungPlastic bowl or trough Conical flaskClamp and standAn investigation to see how Hydrochloric acid reacts with Magnesium to produce Hydrogen gasEquipment that you will need:Conical flask Gas tubeBung GogglesDelivery tube Stop clockBowl or trough RulerMeasuring cylinder 5 different Molars of HCL acidMagnesium (4cm) Clamp and standThe surface areas of any solid reactants change the rate of a reaction because this way more collisions take place. It increases the number of particles that are available for collisions.When the concentration of reactants is increased the number of particles present in the same amount of space goes up this means that more collisions will take place and increases the chance of more "successful" collisions occurring.When the temperature of a reaction is increased the energy of the particles is increased, so that more collisions have high enough energy levels to collide and react. The movement of the particles also escalates and therefore they are more likely to collide with enough energy for a reaction to take place.The presence of a catalyst means that the catalyst lowers the activation energy that is needed to start each reaction.The independent variable in this particular reaction is the concentration of the hydrochloric acid. Each time the concentration will be increased by 0.25 moles. This will ensure that our readings are close and help when working out the rate of the reaction.The dependant variable will be the volume of hydrogen gas produced and this will be measured using the gas...

Find Another Essay On An investigation to see how Hydrochloric acid reacts with Magnesium to produce Hydrogen gas

Factors that affect the rate at which Sodium Thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) reacts with Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)

780 words - 3 pages I am to investigate the factors that affect the rate at which Sodium Thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) reacts with Hydrochloric Acid (HCl). When sodium thiosulfate is mixed with hydrochloric acid, a reaction takes place, leading to a precipitate of sulphur being formed. This turns the solution cloudy. I shall use this clouding to investigate a factor that affects the rate of reaction, the factor being temperature. To do this, I shall react

Reaction (rate) between magnesium ribbon and hydrochloric acid

2302 words - 9 pages AimIt is to tell how the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid will be effected if we change the concentration of hydrochloric acid.IntroductionIn the experiment the magnesium reacts with the hydrochloric acid to create magnesium chloride and hydrogen. The balanced formula for this is:Mg(s) + 2HCL(aq) MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)Magnesium + hydrochloric acid Magnesium Chloride + HydrogenMagnesium will react with hydrochloric acid, because it is

Investigation of Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric Acid

629 words - 3 pages The purpose of this investigation is to record the amount of time taken for a reaction to occur when sodium thiosulphate is mixed with hydrochloric acid. The equation for this reaction is: Na2S2O3 + 2HCl → 2NaCl + S + SO2 +H2O Sodium thiosulphate (Na2S2O3), after reacting with Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) produces yellow sulphur, which is the cause of the solution becoming cloudy. The amount of time taken for the reaction to occur is known

Exploring Factors That Affect the Rate of a Chemical Reaction Involving Magnesium and Hydrochloric Acid

1581 words - 6 pages What factors affect the rate of this chemical reaction: Magnesium + Hydrochloric Acid  Magnesium Chloride + Hydrogen Mg (s) + 2HCl (aq)  MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g) Prediction I think that my results will show that the hydrochloric acid with a molarity of 2 will finish reacting the quickest because it is the strongest hydrochloric acid and I predict that the slowest experiment to finish reacting will be the 0.4 molar strength of

Investigating the effect of varying concentration on the reaction between magnesium ribbon and hydrochloric acid

1903 words - 8 pages Investigating the effect of varying concentration on the reaction between magnesium ribbon and hydrochloric acid Aim It is to tell how the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid will be effected if we change the concentration of hydrochloric acid. Introduction In the experiment the magnesium reacts with the hydrochloric acid to create magnesium chloride and hydrogen. The balanced formula for this is: Mg(s) + 2HCL(aq) MgCl2(aq

An investigation into the factors affecting the rate of a reaction: The write up of an experiment using Sodium Thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid

2964 words - 12 pages Skill Area P: PlanningWhat I going to investigate is how different factors affect the rate of the chemical reaction of Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric acid. In which a precipitate is formed and causes the solution to become opaque. They react as in the equation below:Sodium Thiosulphate + hydrochloric acid -->; sodium chloride + sulphur + sulphurdioxide+WaterNa2S2O3(aq) + 2HCl(aq) -> 2NaCl(aq) + S(s) + SO2(g) + H2O(l)I plan to change

Investigation of Action of Saliva and Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solutions

1647 words - 7 pages Investigation of Action of Saliva and 3 M Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solutions Title : Investigation of Action of Saliva and 3 M Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solutions Objective : To investigate the action of saliva and 3 hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solution Results Table1: Observation Conclusion Solution A Benedict's test: Blue coloration turned to brick red precipitate. Reducing sugar is present in the solution A

Rape Culture: How Society Reacts to Rape

1540 words - 6 pages What do you think and feel when you hear the word rape? Do you feel uncomfortable? Maybe even angry? Your certain feelings and emotions towards this word is a result of rape culture. Rape culture, essentially, is how a society as a whole sees and reacts towards rape or instances of rape. In 2013 rape was defined by the FBI as, “Penetration… of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person

An investigation to compare the reaction rates between potato an hydrogen peroxide and liver and hydrogen peroxide

1981 words - 8 pages An investigation to compare the reaction rates between potato and hydrogen peroxide against liver and hydrogen peroxide through loss in mass.Background information:Catalase is an enzyme that is found in all cells. This means that it is an intracellular enzyme. And enzyme is a biological catalyst. A catalyst is some thing that speeds up a reaction without being changed itself. Because of this enzymes and catalysts can be used again and again

How an Acid (Coke) Can React Together with Potassium to Create a Charger for an iPone

1909 words - 8 pages Introduction The purpose of this experiment is to show how an acid (Coke) can react together with potassium to create a charger for an iPhone. Potassium and acid formed together makes bubbles. With both potassium and acid working together, they will give off energy to the iPhone. Why Coke? Every liquid will be either acidic or basic traits. An acid-base reaction is a chemical reaction that happens between an acid and a base. There are multiple

How concentration of acid affects the rate of reaction with magnesium ribbon

1171 words - 5 pages either comparing my results to other people who did the same experiment. On the Internet I could have found information about magnesium and how well it reacts with other substances e.g., acid. Or to have some results of magnesium reacting with dilute hydrochloric acid. I could also have compared my results with other people in my class that did the same variable. I could gather results and make an average. Or I could have seen if my results were similar to others or if they were completely different.

Similar Essays

Experiment To Investigate Factors Affecting The Rate Of Reaction Between Magnesium Ribbon And Hydrochloric Acid

2245 words - 9 pages concentrations of hydrochloric acid. I will measure the time taken for the magnesium ribbon to disappear (be used up in reaction) with a stop-clock. This will be switched on when the piece of magnesium ribbon is dropped into the hydrochloric acid & seen to be reacting with the acid i.e. producing bubbles of gas, and switched off when the magnesium is no longer visible & no more new bubbles are being produced. Results will be recorded in a results table

Reaction Between Hydrochloric Acid And Magnesium

3074 words - 12 pages react with hydrochloric acid, because it is higher in the reactivity series that hydrogen. When the two chemicals react a displacement reaction will take place and the magnesium will displace the hydrogen in the hydrochloric acid forming magnesium chloride and hydrogen gas. Reactivity Series K (potassium) Na (sodium Li (lithium) all too dangerous to react with a strong acid Ba (barium) Ca

An Investigation Into The Volume Of Gas Produced When You React Hydrochloric Acid And Marble Chips Plan, Evaluation And Analysis

1662 words - 7 pages my current data and see how reliable this data is.Analysis.My investigation has been successful so far. I carried out my method with no problems at all, and received no anomalous results. This shows my experiment must have been very accurate as both attempts produced no anomalous results. Some of my results were very close to their neighbouring result抯 (e.g. 5min result from 2 molar acid 1st attempt:268ml 2nd attempt:268.5ml) However in my

Investigation To See The Effects Of Increasing The Surface Area Of A Potato When Mixed With Hydrogen Peroxide

2007 words - 8 pages denature it and so the active site is changed and the correct molecules may not fit into to make the reaction and for another experiment I could do a experiment where I could see that this is true by using 3 potatoes which have been boiled, which will supposedly denature the enzymes and 3 normal potatoes which will be mixed with the Hydrogen Peroxide to see if the react the same and produce the same amount of oxygen.