After watching the Apollo 13 movie, it is interesting to know that this was a “Successful failure” of a project. This is due to the fact that astronauts returned to Earth safely but they never made it to the moon. After the crew headed for the moon they had to disappointedly cancel the mission before it could be completed and return to earth, when the oxygen tank that exploded caused the spacecraft to malfunctioning.
A brief history to puts things in perspective, Apollo program was established in July 1960 by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). As it is normal the case, there were failures with the program in the beginning, below is the list of the missions that preceded Apollo 13:
• Apollo 1, launched on 27 January 1967 – during pre-launch there was an on-board fire that killed the crew.
• Apollo 7 (Second Mission), which was launch on 11 October 2068 – which was the first mission to successfully leave the earth and reached lower orbit of the earth. The crew returned safely.
• Apollo 8, launched on 21 December 1968 – this was the second successful mission and the first to reach the surface of the moon. The crew was led by Neil A. Armstrong, returned safely to earth.
• Apollo Missions’ 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 17 – these were all the successful missions that saw the crew landing into the moon and returned with valuable information, i.e. soil, lunar ranging, solar with experiments, etc.
The Launch of Apollo 13 took place on the 11 April 1970, it consisted of a crew, James A. Lovell, JR which was a commander, John L. Swigert, Jr., which was a command module pilot and Fred W. Haise, Jr., who was a Lunar module pilot. It appears that all test modules were successfully in preparation for the launch. However some issues arose before the launch where the Astronaut Thomas K. Mattingly was alleged found to have German measles and there were no antibodies. He had to be replaced by John Swigert. It is noted that John Swigert was flying for the first time and was the initial backup command module pilot; it would appear that this started to put some constraint in the crew. This requires the crew to do proper planning, that involve bringing Jack Swigert up to speed on the Apollo 13 project. Another issue was related to the high pressure from the helium tank.
From the video, it is observed that during the launch of this mission was successful; hence we can say that the planning and quality planning was also successful. The crew had to go through rigorous testing in order to be certain that all quality methods (i.e. in-process and appraisal methods) were followed when preparing for this mission critical project. As a result the Apollo 13 smoothly entered the lunar corridor, meaning besides the glitch to the mission which was one engine failure, all was set.
The Apollo 13 crew were able to do a television broadcast, this was on the night...