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An Overview On The Roots Of Pacifism And It's History In Recent Times.

1054 words - 4 pages

PacifismThe wise ways of pacifism were brought about with the assistance of religious beliefs and strong people such as Martin Luther King Jr., Mahatma Gandhi, and Henry David Thoreau. In the times of today, pacifism has been proven to be a very effective way of protest, and it should always end without any casualties for its cause.The roots of pacifism in modern times are traced back to religion with groups such as the Quakers. From 1681 to 1756, the Quaker controlled colonial Pennsylvania had no military force, was completely unarmed, and had a pacifist public policy. During this time, for the most part everything was peaceful, with very few problems. Quakers follow pacifism because they believe that Jesus Christ was a pacifist which, according to the Bible, is true. They believe that Christ taught pacifism and that his followers must practice it as well. Quakers also believe that violence shouldn’t be used under any circumstances. Even if one is confronted with violence, they should practice nonviolence. It is also in their beliefs that violence for their country or government is unacceptable. In the Bible, Jesus Christ never fought back when he was arrested by the temple guards in the Garden of Eden. When an apostle used a sword to cut off the ear of a temple guard, Jesus immediately healed the guard and said, "All they that take the sword shall perish by the sword" (Matthew 26:52). Without a doubt, religion and Jesus Christ played a very large role in the popularity of pacifism in history and in today’s world.Martin Luther King Jr. who played a primary role in equal rights for all races was a strict pacifist and asked that everyone who fought with him follow pacifism as well. Religion played a part on his pacifist views as he was a Baptist Minister. In 1955 at the age of 26, Dr. King led the Montgomery Bus Boycott. He urged all black people to boycott the buses in Montgomery in hopes that the Jim Crow laws would be forgotten about and that all would be treated equal on buses. The boycott lasted 381 days, and during it, King’s house was bombed, and he was arrested. All of this would eventually end in the United States Supreme Court’s decision to outlaw racial segregation on all public transportation services. Martin Luther King is most famous for his “I have a dream” speech. In this speech, his dream was to have a future in which everyone was treated equal and lived in peace. He gave this speech during the “March on Washington” protest in which hundreds of black people went to the Nations Capitol and demanded an end to racial segregation in schools and in the workplace. Martin Luther King is quoted saying, “Nonviolence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our time; the need for mankind to overcome oppression and violence without resorting to oppression and violence. Mankind must evolve for all human conflicts a method which rejects revenge, aggression, and retaliation. The...

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