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A Survey On The Low Status Of The Chinese Female In The Feudal Society

4453 words - 18 pages

OUTLINE

¢ñBRIEF INTRODUCTION

¢òENGAGEMENT

¢óCONJUGAL RELATION

A. The relationship between the principal and the subordinate

1. To the children

a. Independent paternal power

b. Dependent maternal power

2. To the family property

a. The right to deal with the family property

b. The right to inherit the family property

B. The relationship between the honorable and the lowly

About charging each other
About beating or killing each other
About committing adultery

C. The nature of the so-called monogamy

¢ôDIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE

A. The seven reasons to divorce the wife

For committing adultery
For disobedience to parents ¨Cin-law
For barrenness
For jealousy
For disease
For talking too much

B. The sense of chastity

¢õCONCLUSION

¢ñBRIEF INTRODUCTION

In the male-dominated feudal society, the female's activities were largely confined in
their families. So when we talk about the social status of the female in the feudal society,
we may take their marriage as one aspect to see whether they had equal rights with the
male from engagement to conjugal relation, to divorce and remarriage. In other words, their
position in the family, which featured in their subordination since engagement, reflected
their status in society. The marriage, instead of opening a door to love and happiness
became fetters around their necks under feudalism, which ignored humanity and even
deprived them of freedom.

¢òENGAGEMENT

At first let's see how an engagement was arranged. The Book of Poetry says repeatedly:
'in taking a wife how does one proceed? Without a go-between it cannot be done.' Almost
all the events were decided by the parents and the matchmaker but the girl and boy
(specially the girl) concerned because under the feudal patriarchal system, the marriage was
always a way 'to serve the ancestors and to continue the lineage'£¨¡´Àñ¼Ç¡¤»èÒå¡

181;£©. Without
the permission of the parents and the approval of the go-between, the betrothal would be
despised and even compellingly broken. Thus many couples got to know each other no
sooner than getting into their wedding room. For the husband, he could take concubines if
he was not content at his bride, while the wife could only be ready to get the favor of her
husband no matter she loved him or not.

¢óCONJUGAL RELATION

Secondly let's talk about the relationship between the husband and the wife. Under the
principles of 'no second head in a family' and 'the man is superior and the woman is
inferior'(¡´êÌ×Ó´ºÇÌìÈ

ð¡µ), the husband enjoyed too much rights and privileges in the
family, and the wife was subjected to the diction of the...

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