An Overview Of The Whitlam Dismissal

1190 words - 5 pages

On Tuesday November 11th, 1975, the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, dismissed Mr Gough Whitlam as Prime Minister and appointed Mr Malcolm Fraser as a caretaker Prime Minister.The dismissal was the most dramatic event in the history of the Australian federation. For the first time, an unelected vice-regal representative had removed from office a government, which commanded a majority in the House of Representatives.A Double Dissolution election was held on December 13th, 1975, at which the Whitlam Government was soundly defeated.The dismissal of the Whitlam Labor Government was the culmination of a series of dramatic events, which began in October 1975 with the refusal by the Senate to pass the government's budget bills.The Labor Government had been elected on 2 December 1972 after 23 years of Liberal/Country Party coalition rule. The ALP slogan, "It's Time", seemed to capture the mood of the nation, although the ALP's margin of victory was relatively slim.Whitlam was the first of the new-style Labor leaders. He had been elected to Federal Parliament in 1952, became Deputy Leader in 1960 and Leader in 1967. He had experienced early success in a number of by-elections and had won 17 seats at the 1969 election to take Labor close to victory.Whitlam took office determined to implement a wide-ranging program of reforms. Such was his devotion to his "program" that Whitlam and his deputy, Lance Barnard, ran a two-man government between December 5-19, 1972, after which the full ministry took office.Following an attempt by Whitlam to appoint the former leader of the Democratic Labor Party, Senator Vince Gair, as Ambassador to Ireland, the Opposition Leader, Bill Snedden, threatened to force an election by blocking Supply in the Senate. Whitlam responded by calling a double dissolution election for 18 May 1974 at which the government was returned.replacement, opting instead to appoint Albert Patrick Field.During 1975, the Government also endured the "Overseas Loans Affair", the story of efforts by the Minister for Minerals and Energy, Rex Connor, Treasurer Dr. Jim Cairns, and others, to raise an overseas loan of $4 billion. The loan was to be used to fund a number of natural resources and energy projects, including the construction of a natural gas pipeline, the electrification of interstate railways and a uranium enrichment plant.The loan was sought not from the traditional American and European sources, but from the Middle East, which was awash with "petrodollars", following the quadrupling of oil prices in 1973 and 1974. A Pakistani broker, Tirath Khemlani, was used by Connor to secure the loan. In the end, no loan was ever obtained, no commissions were paid, but the government was made to look reckless and foolish.A special one-day sitting of the House of Representatives was held on 9 July 1975, during which Whitlam tabled the loans documents and sought to defend the government's position.Wracked by economic difficulties and the political...

Find Another Essay On An Overview Of The Whitlam Dismissal

"Explain the impact that the dismissal of Gough Whitlam and the labour party has had on the civic life of Australia in the twentieth century."

895 words - 4 pages 'The Dismissal' is a term that has come into general use since 1975, to describe the termination of the elected Whitlam ALP Government by the then Governor-General, Sir John Kerr. The event came as the culmination of one of the most tension-filled years in Australian political history. The Whitlam Government, elected in 1972 after 23 years of Liberal rule, was dealing with an economic downturn and facing considerable criticism following a number

The Dismissal Of Absolutes Essay

838 words - 3 pages The dismissal of absolutes by Camus in his essay The Myth of Sisyphus as an escape from the absurd shows that Camus' commitment to life with joy and passion is another form of escape from the absurd. By embracing religion the cold irrationality of our society may be ignored. Science attempts to make sense of the world but the true irrationality of the universe lies within the human mind. A commitment to anything including life provides an escape

The Dismissal Of Absolutes

838 words - 3 pages The dismissal of absolutes by Camus in his essay The Myth of Sisyphus as an escape from the absurd shows that Camus' commitment to life with joy and passion is another form of escape from the absurd. By embracing religion the cold irrationality of our society may be ignored. Science attempts to make sense of the world but the true irrationality of the universe lies within the human mind. A commitment to anything including life provides an escape

Australian Politics: The Life of Gough Whitlam

678 words - 3 pages "Gough Whitlam has been a towering figure in the Australian Labor Party for longer than I can remember. For more than six decades in politics, Gough Whitlam has aimed at targets higher than personal success or vindication. His energy and enthusiasm combined with the continuing powerful relevance of his goals have made him a hero to many Australians & an iconic figure in Australia's political landscape.” (Excerpt of speech by

An overview of the olympics

580 words - 2 pages The Olympic Games are an international sports competition. In the Olympics, athletes play in many types of games. Some athletes compete in the Summer Olympics. Some compete in the Summer Olympics. The Olympic Games are very old and have a very interesting history.The first Olympic Games were held in Greece in ancient times. They probably began in the sixth century B.C. The contests are held every four years in the summer. The first games lasted

Overview of the Career of an Engineer

1479 words - 6 pages design engineer, aerodynamics engineers, etc. The responsibilities of design engineer is to construct total design of the aircraft, including its shape, performance, propulsion, and guidance and control system (“Aerospace Engineer”). Design engineers use program called CAD (computer-aided design) to translate their ideas into drawing that can be tested over and over (Aerospace Engineers). The aerodynamics engineers are responsible for an

An Overview of the Indian Elevator Market

2733 words - 11 pages An Overview of the Indian Elevator Market Since the liberalization of the Indian economy in 1991, there has been a great increase in the demand for elevators, also the government had imposed a ban on collapsible gate elevators, thus creating a path for international players to capture this segment. During this period Schindler was trying to establish at 100% subsidiary to start its operations in India. Indian customers are considered to be

An overview of The Eureka Stockade's Rebellion

1063 words - 4 pages ; have manhood suffrage and to have no property qualifications and have payment for Legislative Council members.#The Eureka Stockade provided numerous achievements that can be acknowledged as an influence for Australia's society. The early 1850 period brought the discovery of gold in various locations across Victoria. As a result, a mass exodus of populace occurred from the colony settlements. The discovery also resulted in an influx of

An Overview of the Muscular System

686 words - 3 pages skeletons is the “exoskeleton”, which is found on creatures that have an external shell, or “suite of armor.” (Hoefnagels). In this structure, the animal has an internal muscular system which pulls on the skeleton, creating motion within the body. In all species of vertebrates, the skeleton serves as a mold and pattern for the shape that the body will take; there are various types of skeletons, which serve individual purposes. For instance, the

An Overview of the Argentine Financial Crisis

1929 words - 8 pages a currency board—to Argentina’s economy that laid the foundation for the financial collapse in 2001 (Hornbeck, 2002). In an effort to move Argentina from an internationally isolated and state-dominated economy to one that encouraged international trade and foreign investments, Carlos Menem, in the early 1990s, initiated a wave of privatization, which included state-owned industries such as utilities (Feldstein, 2002). Following the examples

An Overview of the Hopi Indians

4185 words - 17 pages In the area that is known now as eastern Arizona there is a culture that has lived in the area for at least 1,000 years and perhaps longer. They are the Hopi. They are pueblo Indians who live on three separate mesas (Stephen 1936a: xxvii). The First or East Mesa has three villages. (The term village does not necessarily connote what a European would have thought of as village, it is an area where some have chosen to settle in order to maintain

Similar Essays

The Dismissal Of Gough Whitlam Essay

1219 words - 5 pages dissolution. The Opposition then blocked supply again in 1975 but the Whitlam Government refused to advise a double dissolution or resign. Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismissed the Whitlam Government and forced them to an election. The propriety of these events are still being debated. But was it the will of the people?Labor Prime Minister Gough Whitlam's first 100 days in office saw more radical changes then would be seen in almost 100 years of

The Dismissal Of Gough Whitlam Essay

553 words - 2 pages came into government after twenty-three years in opposition. Almost immediately Labor set out to achieve its reform agenda. Many of those reforms were long overdue such as an end to conscription, free university education and a series of laws banning racial and sexual discrimination. Labor’s critics believed its lack of experience and budgeting skills made it unfit to govern.Some fundamental mistakes of the Whitlam government caused many

The Whitlam Dismissal 1975 Essay

1869 words - 7 pages The dismissal of the Whitlam Government on November 11th in 1975 remains to this day one of the most dramatic political events in Australian history. 'The Dismissal' is a term that has come into general use since 1975, to describe the termination of the elected Whitlam Labor Government by the then Governor-General, Sir John Kerr. The event came as the culmination of one of the most tension-filled years in Australian political history. The

The 1975 Constitutional Crisis The Whitlam Dismissal

1460 words - 6 pages from the Cabinet. After the resignation of Rex Connor in October 1975, the Opposition Leader, Malcolm Fraser, announced that the Senate would defer passage of the Supply Bills until Whitlam called an election. Whitlam refused..'The Dismissal' is a term that has come into general use since 1975, to describe the termination of the elected Whitlam ALP Government by the then Governor-General, Sir John Kerr. The event came as the culmination of one of