Anubis was the Egyptian god of embalming and the keeper of secrets. He was associated with the mummification and protection of the dead and journey to the afterlife. He was portrayed man with a jackal’s head, or in jackal form holding a flail in the crook of his arm and wearing a ribbon. In the Old Kingdom he was the most important God, where he was associated with the burial of the pharaoh. He was very important because the Egyptians worshiped two things: 1. the gods and 2. The dead. The ancient Egyptians also believed in the afterlife. So another reason why Anubis was so important was because, on your travel to the afterlife he was there waiting for you. He takes your heart, weighs it and decides your fate in the underworld depending on how heavy your heart is compared to a feather.
Bastet was the goddess of warfare in lower Egypt, before the unification. She is the goddess of joy, the home and the warmth of the sun. In modern day she is portrayed as a woman with the head of a cat. Before the unification, Bastet was the lioness-goddess, but that role became diminished as Sekhmet, a similar deity became more dominant in the Two Lands (Upper and Lower Egypt). In the 1st millennium BC, during the 18th dynasty when domesticated cats were popularly kept as pets, Bastet started being represented as a woman with the head of a cat, and then ultimately by the end of the 22nd dynasty she became the cat-goddess. She was seen as a protective and gentle goddess, and she would appear with the head of a lioness in battle to protect the King. She was very important to the ancient Egyptians because she was the goddess of protection.
Cleopatra VII or mainly known as Cleopatra was the last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. She was a member of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a Greek family who ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great’s death in the Hellenistic period. Throughout the Ptolemaic dynasty, they refused to learn to speak Egyptian and spoke only Greek. As contrast, Cleopatra did learn Egyptian and represented herself as the reincarnation of the Egyptian goddess, Isis. She was supported by two roman generals, Mark Anthony and Julius Caesar. When Augustus conquered the Roman Empire he declared war with Cleopatra and Anthony and defeated them in 31 BC. Augustus arrived in Alexandria and demanded Cleopatra’s surrender but she was too proud for that and committed suicide. There are many theories as to how she died, but the most popular one is that she let an Egyptian cobra bite her in the breast. She was very important because she was one of the few female pharaohs. And also because she was the only one to learn Egyptian in the Ptolemaic dynasty. Historically she very famous for her manipulative ways and how she died.
Deir El-Medina is an ancient Egyptian village about 2km from the Nile river, who housed the workers that worked on the tombs in the valley of the Kings during the 18th and 20th dynasties in the New Kingdom period. The village’s ancient name was Set...