A Look In To The Platonic Soul.

1509 words - 6 pages

A Look into the Platonic soulIn Plato's Republic, Socrates explains his idea of the moral soul being an ideal soul. Socrates' proved this by comparing an ideal soul to an ideal society. This analogy allowed Socrates to develop a theory for the composition of the soul. This theory proposes that the mind is divided into 3 parts; the rational part, the passionate part and the appetites. In his ideal soul the rational part is in charge, much like a leader is of a country, responsible for the well-being of the other parts of the soul. The passionate part in the ideal mind is an ally to the rational part, coming to the aid of the rational mind when anything threatens its beliefs. The last part of the soul is the appetites. This part of the soul is described as the wants and needs of the body. Despite the fact Socrates believes that these things should not govern the ideal soul, he did acknowledges they serve vital purposes such indicating when one was hungry. To complete Socrates definition of the moral/ideal soul, he proposed that there were four attributes within it, all shown in exterior behaviours, these attributes are known as wisdom courage, self-discipline and morality.The attribute of wisdom is in part due to the rational part of the mind. Socrates figured that that is where one was most likely to find it. This is a reasonable claim, as we do not call someone wise if they can make a fine pair of shoes, a wise person in society is considered wise if their decisions are wise. In Socrates' ideal soul, the rational part is responsible for ruling over the rest of the soul and for cultivating this type of wisdom, moral knowledge. This wisdom generated by the rational part is used to make wise decisions for the good of the whole soul.Courage according to Socrates is found in the passionate part of the soul. Socrates claims this because it is possible for an internal struggle in the mind to take place, and it is usually the most emotional side that win these conflicts. In Socrates ideal mind, the passionate part is trained to be subservient to the rational part. This condition allows the passionate part to fight for the cause with all its might and allows the rational part to call off the passionate part if it was in the interest of the whole. The refined courage created by this relationship between the rational and passionate parts of the soul. This allows the moral soul to defend its beliefs and control its appetites. This attribute would be necessary for any truly moral figure if they were thrust into a trying situation. Without courage in an extreme case, they would most definitely sacrifice their true moral beliefs for immoral ones making them immoral. It is courage that allows one to stand up against immoral things.Self-discipline is the moderation of all three parts. It is also the result of all three parts working in harmony or with similar ideals. Socrates proves this by saying there are times when there is inner conflict and there are times...

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