This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Critical Review Of Peter H. Russell's Essay "Can The Canadians Be A Sovereign People?"

1075 words - 4 pages

This review will summarize and assess Russell's "Can the Canadians be a Sovereign People?" Above all, his article is an account of the politics of making and changing Canada's constitution from Confederation to 1991, when the article was published. Russell's thesis statement, though not clearly stated, seems to be that as of yet the Canadian people are not a sovereign people but it is a possibility for the future.Russell starts his argument with two passages taken from very different people with very different views about the Constitution. The first, written by three fathers of confederation, suggests that the Canadian Constitution is provided by the Imperial Government and so does not derive from the people. While the second, written in 1990, states that, the Constitution belongs to the Canadian people. This transformation of how the constitution is viewed is very important. The problem with it though, is that "not all Canadians have consented to form a single people in which a majority or some special majority have a right to act and conclude the rest" It is difficult to create a nation state and have sovereignty when a defined nation is not present. Canadians differences on fundamental political questions and collective identity present a continuous problem for Canadian sovereignty.Russell argues that there was not a trace of popular sovereignty in Canada's confederation movement, and thus, at Canada's founding the people were not sovereign. He argues that the imperial stewardship of constitutional politics allowed the country to be founded while keeping public participation and debate to a minimum.He provides qualitative historical data to support this claim. He then points out that immediately after the Confederation sovereignty became an important issue, but not sovereignty of the people; sovereignty of governments and legislature. The provincial legislatures and governments claimed a top-down kind of sovereignty. Russell shows us hints of a more democratic constitutionalism, through arguments from Robert Vipond. In addition, he quotes provincial leaders in referring to the legislature as "the constitutional rights of those to whom the people have entrusted with certain powers..." Of all of the provinces, Quebec felt the power of this change the most, but this created two conflicting concepts: the concept of the founding provinces against the concept of the founding peoples. Russell continues to show us, using qualitative historical evidence, that as Canada takes a step toward sovereignty it takes another step back by creating another conflict.Russell then brings to light that in 1927 the federal and provincial leaders were faced with the daunting task of amending the Canadian Constitution. The left argued for flexible amending formula, calling for a majority of provinces to agree, which would slowly move Canada in the direction of much needed reforms of Canadian federalism. While others insisted that all provincial governments needed to...

Find Another Essay On A Critical Review of Peter H. Russell's Essay "Can the Canadians be a Sovereign People?"

In What Ways Can A Critical Analysis Of ‘Management’ Be Beneficial For The Society?

2205 words - 9 pages management can be very beneficial depending on what aspects are analysed and what solutions are proposed. Conclusively this essay shows how benefits of critical analysis of management do exist especially for certain groups within the society, but not all analyses are beneficial to the society as a whole. Works Cited • Adler, P. 2012. The Sociological Ambivalence of Bureaucracy: From Weber via Gouldner to Marx. Organization Science, 23 (1), pp

A Critical, Contextual Review of the Work of Keith Haring

1039 words - 5 pages and an accepted part of his persona. Perhaps it was the fact that his status was so public that made him able to share his thoughts and feelings about his diagnosis through his art without restriction. Haring had always believed that art should be available for everyone, not only the privileged, and in this respect he catered to a variety of audiences. He often drew in the New York City subway stations and pasted collages publicly around the city

A Review of Peter Brown’s Augustine of Hippo

1540 words - 6 pages A Review of Peter Brown’s Augustine of Hippo          Peter Brown’s Augustine of Hippo is a dense, scholarly work outlining the entire life of the Catholic bishop.  The University of California Press in Berkeley, California published the work in 1967.  My version was the 1973 second paperback printing, found in the University library.  Its smallish, scholarly, serifed, typewritten font allows for a instant respect for the subject matter

A Critical Review of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby

1615 words - 6 pages themselves to retreat back into their money and vast carelessness. A corrupting effect of wealth can easily be found among both the established rich people of East Egg and the newly rich residents of West Egg. The people of East Egg, such as Tom and Daisy Buchanan, have developed in a world of money and hold an empty future of purposelessness encompassed by assets. On the other hand, the inhabitants of West Egg have worked their way up into

A Virtuous Sovereign

1007 words - 4 pages went against the advice of his council and the Roman Catholic Church by divorcing his first wife and marrying Anne Boleyn. The divorce outraged nearly all of England and feeling pressure from the Church and the English people, Parliament deemed the child illegitimate and ordered that she would not be in line to inherit the throne. Elizabeth spent her younger years living with staff in her own private residences. “Elizabeth and her household

A Review of Howard H. Peckham, The Colonial Wars: 1689-1762 title: The Colonial Wars: 1689-1762 author: Howard H. Peckham

1728 words - 7 pages For most, the history of the United States begins with the American Revolution. But, what led up to that momentous decision to separate from Great Britain? From where did our Founding Fathers gather the confidence and strength to manage such a feat? In his book, The Colonial Wars: 1689-1762, Howard H. Peckham takes the reader through a timeline of the four great Colonial Wars and their battles, their heroes and their forgotten influence on

Critical Analysis of a Systematic Review Article

2246 words - 9 pages , Oliver, and Thomas (2012, p. 8), I remain clearly in the review initiation phase, although my interests are narrowing to the intersection of risk, IT program management and project success factors. The more I read on these topics the more I understand how much research in these areas has occurred and more importantly, how much more I need to understand before a research question can be drafted. My approach is to narrow the initial research

Gettysburg, A Critical Review

735 words - 3 pages marked the change in attitude and morale for the north. The battle also broke the myth of invincibility of General Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia.The StrategyThe Confederate general staff and Civilian government hoped to accomplish two thins by marching north into Pennsylvania. They wanted to draw the Union army out in to the open and win a decisive battle in the North. The defeat of a large Union force would leave the way open to

A Critical Review of Qualitative Methodological Approaches

1546 words - 6 pages . This paper aims to review and compare three of the qualitative research methodologies: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), Discourse Analysis (DA) and Grounded Theory (GT), and identify how they can be applied in coaching research. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is an experiential qualitative methodology developed by Jonathan Smith, for use in new psychology research

A Critical Review of Francis Schaeffer

3352 words - 14 pages an obligation to help society realize its Christian roots and that can be done through their diligence in spreading the word of God. The other intended audience for Schaeffer's book is the non-believers. Schaeffer hints to the fact that society's decline is a result of these non-believers. He points out how these people have coerced society to distance itself from the teachings of the Bible. By Schaeffer pointing out the possible end result

A Critical Review of “Deep Practice”

951 words - 4 pages that these persons are different in every respect-age, sex, provenance, and even socio-economic status- but one, namely, the pattern of work and practice whereby people operate at the edge of their abilities, and where progress is a series of small failures, repetition, correction, and intense concentration (p.13) Coyle then moves to the national level-to Brazil with its World Cup Victories, the thousands of talents signed by European soccer

Similar Essays

Critical Review "Who Can Catch A Liar?"

1537 words - 6 pages place when we aim to deceive; our body language may change, our speech may alter and we may experience physiological differences. Most of us are already aware of the technological benefits of the polygraph test which measures our physiological changes, but can our verbal and nonverbal signals of deception be detected?The research conducted by Ekman and O'Sullivan (1991) evaluates lie detecting abilities from a range of participants who work within

The Role Of An Ally: A Critical Review Of The Affects Of Social Location And Identity When Working With Aboriginal People

3696 words - 15 pages ageism when looking for houses to rent with my friends. We are university students, are pursuing a formal education and are financially able to make monthly payments, however, many owners were unable to see past our ‘youthfulness’ – making assumptions about what it would be like to rent to people who are younger. Some aspects of my identity can not simply be categorized through the ways I have been privileged and oppressed. One of the strongest

Critical Review Of The Influences Of Consumerism On Children 7 11 Or Young People 11 16

1704 words - 7 pages UP608862BH (Honours) Childhood and Youth studies C1989FEducation Society and the curriculum"Critical review of the influences of consumerism on children 7-11 or young people 11-16Dr Sue ParfectEssay1320 Words28.11.13When is it fair to advertise to children? This debate has gone back and forth between government, theorist and many organisations. This debate has focused mainly on deciding on which age children and young people develop an

A Review Of The Last Wave By Peter Weir

1651 words - 7 pages SOC 118'The Last Wave'-Peter Weir dir.(1977)In the film, The Last Wave, the director is trying to communicate the idea of aculture within a culture or sub culture. The dominant culture in the film is the whitemembers of society living in Australia. The subculture in the film is the Aborigines whowere natives to the land before the white people settled in Australia. The nativessustained their cultural beliefs and ideologies while living in