The purpose of this report is to reflect on my team working experience and to critically review the events of this experience. Throughout the process I kept a diary of events which I will be analysing in conjunction with Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model on stages of group development, these are: forming, storming, norming, preforming and adjourning.
2) Reflection on teamwork
Tuckman and Jensen (1977) explain that the group begins forming when they first come together. Our group began to form when we discovered the identity of whom we would be working with and we engaged in conversation for the first time. During our first conversation we introduced ourselves and discussed our preferred team roles using Belbin’s (1981) model.
I believe we formed as a team rather than a group. Boddy (2011) suggests that the terms ‘team’ and ‘group’ can be used interchangeably, however Schein (1965, via Cantore, 2013) argues that some teams have three characteristics which groups do not possess. These characteristics are interdependence, mutually shared goals and synergy. Our team had the collective goal of delivering the presentation to a high standard and we relied on each other to achieve this goal, however whether or not we possessed synergy is questionable.
The next stage of our group development was ‘storming’ where differences in opinion begin to arise (Tuckman and Jensen, 1977). The main issue we faced at this stage was contrasting opinions on what topic should be chosen as we could not find an area which all group members were satisfied with. In order to resolve this problem I suggested the group should have a vote on which topics we would be happy to work on, four of our six members voted for the same topic, and the two members decided that they were happy to work on that topic. By being open about or disagreements we were able to overcome our conflicts and develop as a group.
Soon after this our team began to develop shared norms and establish a way of working together, Tuckman and Jensen (1977) suggest that this is the ‘norming’ stage of group development. These norms were not determined by the leader, they arose implicitly. For instance, we mutually agreed on which topic each of us should research and present, and implicitly decided that offering constructive criticisms to each other will benefit all members. However, not all the norms we developed benefitted the team. For instance, it became acceptable that...