Skill, Ability, And Technique In Sports

1385 words - 6 pages

Skill, Ability, and Technique in Sports

Introduction

In order to be a success at a particular sport, whether it's playing
football in the back garden or opening the batting for your country
you must have skill, ability and technique. Skill is the ability to
choose and perform the right techniques at the correct time, regularly
and with the minimum of effort in a specific movement in a sport.
Sportsmen use their skills to achieve particular objectives in their
sport e.g. scoring a century in cricket. Ability is the make up of a
sportsman. A number of different aspects of your make up can be taken
into consideration whilst talking about ability e.g. Height, Strength
and co-ordination. We inherit our ability from our parents. Techniques
are the basic movements that we make in any sport e.g. a block start
in a 100m sprint. We can combine a number of different techniques to
create a pattern of movement e.g. the triple jump.

Literature Review

Skill, ability and technique are always closely linked. The book '
Advanced PE ' puts forward the equation:

"Skill = Ability + Technique."

This shows us the close link. The book quotes,

" In order to perform a particular skill in sport, we must learn the
required technique. In order to learn the technique fully, we must
have the necessary abilities."

This quote agrees with the idea that all three areas are needed to be
a success at sporting activities.

Skill has been defined by a number of different experts. Here are two
definitions:

"An organised co-ordinated activity in relation to an object or
situation, which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and motor
mechanisms" (Welford)

"Excellence of performance-the successful integration of a hierarchy
of abilities (all the abilities we have) appropriate to a given task
under given conditions. (Professor GP Meredith)

Both of the above quotes show the distinct link between skill, ability
and technique. Skill can be broken down into a number of different
types. These are: Cognitive skills, Perceptual skills, Motor skills
and Perceptual motor skills.

In order to perform any skill in sports, you must have the ability to
do so. Your ability is something that you are born with, so to improve
it you need to train. Here are two definitions of ability:

James Quirke
------------

"Discuss the differences between skill, ability and technique and
explain how you would structure practices to enhance these components
of a performance"

"Motor abilities are relatively enduring traits which are generally
stable qualities or factors that help a person carry out a particular
act" (E. Fleishman)

"Motor abilities are innate inherited traits that determine an
individuals co-ordination, balance, ability and speed of reactions"
(R. Arnot and C....

Find Another Essay On Skill, Ability, and Technique in Sports

Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment

1457 words - 6 pages Differences and Development of Skill in the Sporting Environment This essay will discuss the differences and development of skill in the sporting environment. It is essential that we understand the different types of skill, and the difference between skill, ability and technique and how they link with technique and are enhanced by structured practices. Skill can be defined as: "Skill is an organized co

Tracking Technique in Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality

2276 words - 9 pages Zhou et al (2008, p.193) observe that the difference between tracking techniques in Augmented Reality (AR) and those used in Virtual Reality (VR) stem from the interoperability of the two systems. On the other hand, State et al (1995, p.1) contend that there are significant contributions to tracking in VR than AR. Work prior to that of State et al (1995) indicates that the better fraction of tracking systems in VR are magnetic. However, Zhou et

Masculinity and Feminily in Sports

779 words - 3 pages cannot and should not compete along side men in traditionally male sports. Females who chose to be athletic were required to follow the examples of male athletes that were already established and accepted by both the sports community. Consequently, female athletes were confined to a narrow and rigid expression of physical ability. There were no female standards to follow until a few women were able to perform at or above the performance level of

Differences in Visual Spatial Ability Among Females and Males

1986 words - 8 pages Differences in Visual Spatial Ability Among Females and Males Running head: The differences in visual spatial ability among females and males The differences in visual spatial ability among females and males: Does practice have an effect on performance? Abstract Many scientists have studied the sex differences in spatial abilities. Different designs of testing have been used to test this subject. A simple Mental Rotation

Racism and Discrimination in Sports

2473 words - 10 pages Introduction       Dealing with the issue of sport and ethnology, three major factors come to mind; prejudice, racism, and discrimination. These factors span across gender, ethnic, racial, religious, and cultural groups. In the following paragraphs, I will discuss how these factors have played a part in the evolution of sport in our society. The first issue tackled in this paper will be racism in sports, followed by prejudice and discrimination

Gender and Sexuality in Sports

970 words - 4 pages Gender and Sexuality in Sports When individuals, male or female, decide to enter a non-traditional sport for his/ her gender, there will inevitably be benefits and costs. Because sports themselves are divided along gender and race lines, one would expect that individuals who intend to play a sport deemed by culture and by society as counterintuitive are bound to be criticized and alienated because of their choices. Difference automatically

Technology And Tradition in Sports

1899 words - 8 pages Professional sports are a vital component to our society as we know it. Week in and week out, fans fill the stands to cheer on their favorite teams, just the same as they did 50 years ago. On the contrary, these professional sports have evolved with the introduction of new technologies that are erupting controversies, especially in the last decade. Experts suggest that these advantages that today’s players have over those in the past can ruin

Arthur Miller's Skill in Revealing Character, Plot and Theme in The Crucible

1486 words - 6 pages Arthur Miller's Skill in Revealing Character, Plot and Theme in The Crucible A crucible is a container in which metal and other materials are heated so as to separate the pure metals from waste and impurities. The crucible in the title is a metaphor for the town of Salem and the period of witch-hunt madness. In the 'fire', some victims survive the temptations and fears and emerge as better and stronger people. Also

Pros and Cons of Children in Sports

1372 words - 5 pages Pros and Cons of Children in Sports On Friday October 18, 2013, Aledo High School and Western Hills High School squared off in a football game. It was a great game for those rooting for Aledo High because they won the game 91 – 0. At the time these two teams played, ESPN of Dallas/Fort Worth had Aledo ranked number one in the state in class 4A high school football. With a massacre like that, one may ask if the Western Hills Football team

Gender and Sex Norms in Sports

788 words - 3 pages Gender and Sex Norms in Sports In our society there are costs both socially and culturally for individuals who choose to violate their own gender and/or sex norms. We live in a time when, though great advancements have been made, gender roles are still differentiated out from each other with specific behavior and lifestyle expectations built into our value system and ascribed to individuals. The past decade has seen a growing move away from

Sports and Race in Washington, DC

2651 words - 11 pages Sports and Race in Washington, DC In 1947, Jackie Robinson broke Major League baseball’s color barrier. He went on to become a symbol of positive change in the United States, an early indicator of the impending civil rights movement. During the 1940s, ‘50s, and ‘60s African-Americans were gradually hired into each of the major professional sports leagues. In fact, the sports arena was one of the first places where blacks were accepted on a

Similar Essays

Skill, Ability And Technique In Fitness

1155 words - 5 pages Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness Both skill and technique are learnt and developed, whereas ability is innate. Because skill and technique are learnt, they are dependent on practice to be able to progress. As ability is innate, you are born with specific abilities, which will help you to develop skills and techniques. For example, if you are of average height, have good coordination and have an abundance of fast

The Differences Between Skill, Ability And Technique In Fitness

1629 words - 7 pages The Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness In the sporting world, the question, “what is the difference between skill, ability and technique?” is often asked. This essay investigates what defines these three terms and also how they can be improved over time by practice using sporting examples. Therefore this essay will include: · A definition of skill, ability and technique and how they are

The Differences Betwen Skill, Ability And Technique

1463 words - 6 pages The Differences Betwen Skill, Ability and Technique There are differences between skill and ability and this links with technique a term commonly used in sport. There are many different classifications of skill; it cannot really be defined as a single thing. It has been said that skill is, "The ability to perform a technique with consistency and control with minimum effort." (Galligan 2000). "Skill is

The Differences Between Skill, Ability And Technique

1854 words - 7 pages . Technique is vital because it trains the brain and body in certain patterns that will be needed for a certain skill. Ability allows for this to happen. It's important to learn the correct techniques, practice them and use them during the game as it ensures a long-term involvement in the sport, development as a player, avoidance of bad habits and prevention of injuries. Many sports have "risky" elements such as tackling, jumping