Ability Grouping In Education Essay

1464 words - 6 pages

Ability grouping is a common practice in today’s classrooms, which involves using intelligence tests to place individuals in certain academic groups with others whom have the same abilities. Two types of ability grouping include between-class and within-class grouping, which provide both benefits and hindrances in a classroom setting.
When a school or teacher groups students “based on their ability or achievement,” the school is practicing between-class ability grouping (Santrock 125). In many cases, between-class ability grouping is used in a high school setting as a way to group students with similar goals and skills. On the surface, between-class ability grouping appears that it benefits all students because it allows teachers to better teach students in a more focused manner. However, researchers have determined that this form of grouping harms those that are in a lower ability group (125). Recently, when I was helping out at a lower achieving high school this form of grouping was clearly evident. Students were clearly divided into classrooms based on their abilities. Each classroom was going over the same material but each classroom teacher was teaching the material differently to meet the needs of that group of students. The history classroom that was deemed an advanced placement class worked a lot smoother and the students had a good understanding of the subject as well as appropriate behavior. However, the “average” history
classes were a tad more chaotic and the students had little to no interest in the subject. This
instance I witnessed showed how between-class ability grouping benefits those on a “higher track” and leaves those on the lower classes behind. Those students in a “low track” classes are commonly of a minority background creating greater controversy.
The second type of ability grouping is called within-class ability grouping. This form of grouping is used in elementary schools in which a classroom teacher divides the students into two or three groups based on student ability (126). This type of grouping is less controversial than between-class grouping but that may be due to less research. In this type of grouping a teacher may divide children into groups depending on subject matter. This makes it easier for the teacher to teach but may have adverse effects on the overall classroom. Within-class ability grouping like between-class benefits those in the higher group, leaving those students behind to struggle if they do not obtain the proper support. This can create a tension among students as well as an inner struggle within those that are placed on a slower pace.
Although between-class and within-class ability grouping has many benefits, a teacher needs to take into account that many adverse reactions can arise especially for those students placed in a group that is not working at a faster pace.

With the many types of intelligence tests, also come many theories. Two theorists that have outlined their own...

Find Another Essay On Ability Grouping in Education

Ability Grouping Research Essay

1219 words - 5 pages particular grouping criterion that seeks to form groups sharing homogeneous characteristics in regards to learning readiness for the course content. Ability grouping is a broad term that seeks to assign students to particular learning levels based upon academic criteria. Ability grouping and its cousin, academic tracking, both seek to form homogenous groups to create perceived desirable circumstances for learning. The similarity between

Within-Class Ability Grouping Essay

2745 words - 11 pages Within-Class Ability Grouping As a future educator ability grouping is more than likely going to be a part of my classroom. I think it can and will be a valuable tool in effectively teaching all students of varying abilities. Ability grouping is a greatly debated area in the field of education. Opponents to the practice believe ability grouping is detrimental to learning and student self-esteem, but ability grouping, specifically within-class

Ability Tracking

1689 words - 7 pages capabilities or levels of achievement.”(Perceptions) There are many arguments for either side, thus begging the question “is ability grouping an efficient way to handle differences in student abilities?”(Education World) Contrary to today’s popular opinion, which naturally runs against the current educational structure of our schools, I believe ability tracking is an effective and worthwhile means of educating our youth, for a variety of reasons. Ability

Classroom Mixtures for the Gifted- Homogeneous or Heterogeneous?- Article Review

1130 words - 5 pages grouping was better for gifted students. Burns and Mason found this was true because “the higher ability classes received better instruction or had higher ability teachers and benefited from high-ability classmates” (p.89). In another research, Rogers concluded that gifted students need some form of ability grouping to broaden and extend their curriculum. Shields found that homogeneous grouping had a positive effect on the attitudes of the gifted

The Pros and Cons of Tracking in Schools

1747 words - 7 pages placed in the same groups based on their past scores, motivation and work ethic (Akos). The point of grouping students together is so students with the same academic ability can work together and be at the same level academically, this is supposed to help the students and the teacher. Academic tracking will be more effective and influence a better learning environment for students to succeed in their education. Tracking can especially help high

Closing the Gap for 6th Grade Math Students in Oklahoma

2525 words - 10 pages -F Grading system for schools offers bonus points for schools that have students participate in advanced classes (Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2014). The challenge becomes for schools to decide how to best group students. A common method is using two or three levels of classes (Loveless, 2009). Typically the three levels include below average, average and advanced. Effects of ability grouping. Statistics favor ability grouping. In

Time for a Change in Schools: How to help Gifted students

749 words - 3 pages states even allow schools to decide whether or not students can move up a grade in a subject such as math, reading, etc., benefitting students from all over the country (“Gifted Education Works). Other studies about Gifted and Talented Programs and Education show that grouping is a main thing to help all types of kids at all levels to learn better. One study conducted in schools said that all it took was three years for students to start

Cognitive Development Study

2423 words - 10 pages Introduction The purpose of this study is to analyse, in a practical way, the theories and concepts of cognitive development, across different age-related stages. Using Piaget’s theory of development, the cognitive ability of two subjects, aged 4 and 18 years, are examined against the milestones of the respective preoperational and formal operational development stages. Cognitive ability is determined by focusing on the subject’s capability and

My Teaching Philosophy

624 words - 2 pages through hands-on learning and games; experimental learning through trying new games. I want to try to stay away from grouping by ability though because I want every child to feel wanted. I don’t want a group of “winners” and a group of “losers”. After graduation I plan on going straight out into the work field. I may continue my education later on in life, but for now I want to get out there and get my career started. I understand the

Instructional Strategies

1714 words - 7 pages A teacher’s responsibilities are to ensure that every student gets the education that they deserve from a well-structured curriculum and materials. Within the teacher’s responsibilities a strong foundation of instruction has to be implemented, this is why instructional strategies are significant in a teacher’s career. The strategies for instruction vary from teacher to teacher; as a result there are no specific ways to employ strategies within

No Child Left Behind Law

978 words - 4 pages affected the education of high achieving students. NCLB forces schools to focus on making sure all students reach set standards. More capable students needs are often ignored, leaving them to become bored and disinterested in some material. Instead of grouping all levels of students together, schools should ability group to truly allow all students to improve, not just to meet state standards. Although No Child Left Behind addressed attempted to

Similar Essays

Ability Grouping Essay

1090 words - 4 pages research done. In education, this controversy still has yet to be solved and more research is needed. To understand ability grouping, one has to know what it is, the pros and cons for it and why it is more about the quality of the education than the groups the students are placed in. Ability grouping is the division of students by their achievement level either part of the day or all. Larry Daniel suggests their placement is based around the

Ability Grouping Essay

2028 words - 8 pages drop out. Although there are certain benefits to between-class ability grouping, they are outweighed by the negative effects this type of grouping can produce. Ultimately, the focus should not be on how to label students, but rather, on the quality of the education the students can receive while working with peers in specific subject areas. Regrouping is another type of ability grouping. Students of the same age, ability and grade, but from

Ability Grouping Essay

1233 words - 5 pages The issue of ability grouping has caused controversy in the education community. Some education scholars say that ability grouping. A study by Dallas Independent School District found that ability grouping not only helped the top groups of students, but the entire spectrum of students learned more than mixed-ability classrooms (Garelick 2). This is not a practice that benefits only the white, rich, or intelligent, but a practice that

Mathematics: Grouping According To Ability, With Resources

2917 words - 12 pages ' individual needs to be addressed. Flexible grouping focuses on two to three classes, so a moderate range of ability and pupils may be placed either into mixed ability classes or regrouped into sets within a group for different subjects. Students are grouped into classes on the basis of their attainment in a particular subject (Ireson, 1999). Flexible grouping is imperative because education is seen as a vehicle for social mobility. Children are